Vol 17, No 1 (2020)

To our readers

To the Readers

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Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):6-7
pages 6-7 views


The Core of the Language Consciousness of an Ethnic Group in Diachronic Aspect: Kazakh Associative Dictionaries

Dmitryuk N.V., Arynbaeva R.A.


The article discusses the possibility of using the data of free associative experiments (SAE) and associative dictionaries, which can serve as a tool of ethno-psycholinguistic, cultural and sociopsychological research to identify the mental and ethno-cultural specificity of language consciousness and language pictures of the world of different ethnic groups, structuring the core of language consciousness (JAS), determining the basic values of society and, in the case of creating such dictionaries in different time periods, they are able to identify the transformation of the mental climate and value priorities of different generations of the same ethnic group. The content of the article is such intra-ethnic comparisons of associative behavior of the representations of the Kazakh ethnos of the modern and Soviet period in the hierarchy of value priorities, their stability and transformation, reflected in the nuclear zones of the language consciousness of young people of two generations with a forty-year interval. On the basis of the coincidence of the basic values in the conceptual center of the core of language consciousness, the article concludes about a certain stability and immutability of cultural, mental and behavioral traditions of the Kazakh ethnic group.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):8-19
pages 8-19 views

Part of Experimental Researches in Nationally Addressed Lexicography (on the Material of Russian-Mongolian Comparisons)

Mamontov A.S., Tzedendorjiin E., Boguslavskaya V.V.


The purpose of this work is to research significance of experimental procedures usage, in particular so called “psychosemantic” approach in process of nationally addressed educational dictionaries for foreign students, studying language as cross-cultural communication means creation, including a dictionary of values for foreigners. In concrete case we are speaking about the Mongolian students, studying Russian and, accordingly, Russian culture. The investigation is based on principles of comparative Russian-Mongolian cultural values description, received by experimental way. Necessary to underline that in comparative description of the values content it is expediently to proceed from, that content of any linguistic unit is formed by contextual meaning of this unit. Every unit functions in some contexts, therefore in description of any lingual unit usage it is expediently to take into consideration maximum number of context types. In our opinion, it is possible to speak about existence of so-called “Mongolian’s and Russian’s values”. The last plays a considerable role in nationally addressed lexicography (NAL).

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):20-30
pages 20-30 views

Languages in contact

Ethnocultural Identity of Migrants from the Eastern Regions of the former USSR in the Light of “Clash of Cultures” Theory

Khilkhanova E.V., Khilkhanov D.L.


The article presents some results of the project, the purpose of which was to study the processes of definition and (re)construction of ethnic identity and its relationship with the language and culture of Asian migrants from the former USSR. The results are analyzed in terms of differences in cultures and values as the most important part of culture. This once again tests the universality of the theories of “clash of civilizations” and “clash of cultures” by S. Huntington and R. Lewis. The author comes to the conclusion that, first, cultural identity, unlike ethnic identity, is subject to transformation and at the same time it is stable. Secondly, the difference of cultures (“Eastern” and “Western”) exists and is perceived at the level of cultural values and norms, but it is not of a conflict, antagonistic nature. The conclusion explains the reasons for this in the light of the above-mentioned theories.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):31-38
pages 31-38 views

How Far Does the Process of Language Hybridization Go in a Translingual Situation?

Temirgazina Z.K.


The article concerns the problem of the dominant language influence in the translingual language competence on the phonetic system of the second language. How intensive can this influence be in a translingual situation? As most researchers say, languages in the processes of transculturation and translinguism are to a certain extent intelligible. In our opinion, it concerns the content aspects of language and speech, which are capable of generating new discourses: lexis, grammar, syntax, word formation. The phonetic level as a building material for content units should not be affected in the process of translinguism, because in this case we can no longer talk about translinguism as a noncontradictory tendency in the contact coexistence of two languages and cultures.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):39-44
pages 39-44 views


Translation as a Form of Cross-Literary Dialogue (On the Material of the Translation of A. Yeniki’s Novel “Unvoiced Will” by S. Khozina)

Fakhrutdinova L.I., Amineva V.R.


The Russian reader, who doesn’t know tatar language, can get to know A. Yeniki’s works only through their translated versions, that is why we need to analyze structural features of and the content of the translated texts in the aspect of cross-literary communication and dialogue. Jenre-stylistic transformations of the authentic work in the translated texts are revealed on the base of their comparative analysis. The base is his view on the translation as a form of the dialogue of cultures, reflecting interaction not only various national languages, but artistic models of the world as well. It is stated that, S. Khozinaresorts to the nazira genre in her translation of the “Unspoken will”. The main directions in which the cooperation of the translator and the author of the work is carried out are revealed: depiction of the inner world of the character is changed; the lyrical orientation of the narrative is enhanced; philosophical subtext of the told story is actualized, incriminating tendency deepens. The results obtained can be used in the solution of current problems of intercultural communication and the dialogue, in the preparation of the comments to translations of A. Yeniki’s works for the Russian reader.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):45-58
pages 45-58 views

Peculiarities of Reconstructing Russian Rhyme in English Translations

Sycheva A.V.


The article deals with the problem of preserving the rhyme traditional for Russian poetry in translations into English. A brief analysis of Russian and foreign linguists’ works on the theory and practice of poetic translation shows that rhyme in English poetry does not play such a significant role as it does in Russian poetry. Opinions of English-speaking readers coincide with the opinion of translators. However, adequate versions of Russian poems in English with preservation of rhymes of original verses are the preferred type of poetic translation. The article deals with the problem of preserving the rhyme, characteristic of Russian poetry, in translations into English. The purpose of this scientific research is to conduct a brief analysis of the works of Russian and foreign linguists on the theory and practice of poetic translation to reveal the role and significance of the category of rhyme in English and Russian poetry. The author pays special attention to the opinion of translators of Russian poetry into English and English-speaking readers of translated Russian lyrics in the context of preserving rhyme or deviation from it. As a result of the conducted research, the author comes to the conclusion that rhyme does not play such a significant role for foreign linguists and translators as it does for their Russian-speaking counterparts. A more attractive form of poetry for them is vers libre. Consequently, the issues of rhyme reproduction for English translators are not of paramount importance. The main emphasis is on the meaning of the translated text, not its form. Opinions of English-speaking readers coincide with the opinion of translators. In addition, the article presents summary information of the conducted comparative linguistic analysis of 275 poems by B. Okudzhava and their originals. The analysis shows that in percentage terms the number of rhymed translations from the total number of translated texts is about 40%. However, the overwhelming number of English translations of poems Okudzhava - about 60% - belongs to unrhymed translations. Nevertheless, the author of the article emphasizes the need to preserve rhyme in translations as an integral part of the Russian classical verse and believes that adequate versions of Russian poems in English with preservation of original rhyme are the preferred type of poetic translation.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):59-64
pages 59-64 views


The Bottle Inscribed with “X”, or Search for the Unknown in Alisa Ganieva’s Novel “The Groom and the Bride”

Shafranskaya E.F.


The plot of Alisa Ganieva’s novel “The Groom and the Bride” is built around the expected and failed wedding. given against the background of everyday Russian-speaking non-Russian life. The article considers a narrative series woven from Quranic and Sufi images and motifs which can be considered as one of the intrigues of the novel. The author of the article tries to “decipher” the Muslim subtext of the novel, which, presumably, is not accidental. In particular, the mythopoetics of the image of Khalilbek is examined, perforating for all texts of Alisa Ganieva (“Salam, Dalgat”, “Shaitans”, etc.), whose roots lead to the Quranic metatext, namely to the image of Khidr (or Khizir-Bobo). Whether the writer’s intention coincides with the reader’s perception is argued by the author of the article.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):65-77
pages 65-77 views

Polylingualism and Transliterality in the Context of Hamid Ismailov’s Metafictional Strategy

Garipova G.T.


The article is devoted to the problem of identifying meta-consciousness of the contemporary writer Hamid Ismailov in the context of contemporary theories of polylingualism and transliterature. The main purpose of the article is to analyze the specificity of Hamid Ismayilov’s meta-consciousness in the system of categories polylingualism, translinguism, polyliterarity with an exit to the author’s aesthetics of transliterarity. On the basis of the bilingual text “GEORGY CHEGODAEV: the Second soul or a Letter to London” specific markers of Hamid Ismayilov’s metaprose are identified, which allow to define him as a writer of polylingual, polyliterarity, whose estesis is predetermined by the EastRussian-Western transculturation. Translingualism is designated not as a conceptual definition of his work, but as a trend of the author’s integrated poetics. This approach is in correlation with theory of D. Durisin allows to remove the identification of contradictions.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):78-87
pages 78-87 views

Bilingual education

Concept of “Cultural Identity” of Komi-Permyak Student Bilingual Personality in the Focus of Linguistic Methodology

Medvedeva N.V.


The attention is paid to the concept of ‘bilingual personality’ in relation to national Russian bilingual in the article. The concept of ‘cultural identity’ of Komi-Permyak student bilingual personality in conditions of higher pedagogical education is specified. Foundations for Komi-Permyak student bilingual cultural identity defining are determined in the system of ethno- and social coordinates and its results are described. The aim of the research is to concretize the concept of ‘bilingual personality’ of a Komi-Permyak student. Indicators of his cultural identity in the system of ethno- and socio-coordinates are defined. This is the basis for modeling the teaching and forming the personality of the future teacher of the Russian language at the university from the perspective of modern approaches developed in linguistic and methodical teaching of the Russian language in the context of national-Russian bilingualism. The methods of the research are cultural identity of a Komi-Permyak student defining based on the included observation, questioning, interviewing of future teachers of the Russian language in conditions of higher pedagogical education, method of the results scaling in the process of statistical data processing. The results of the research indicate that bilingual personality cultural identity defining of a KomiPermyak student reveals his identification peculiarities, determines how he is integrated in the Russian culture, how harmonious the Russian language is for his communication, that undoubtedly should be taken into account in teaching. Future teacher forming on the basis of his cultural identity is determined by the goals and objectives of preparing for training students in bilingual and bicultural Komi-PermyakRussian environment. This undoubtedly requires organization of work in line with modern linguistic and methodological approaches, cognitive orientation strengthening in the development of the Russian language as science. Komi-Permyak bilingual communicative results forming in speech professional communication in Russian is impossible without cognitive processes development.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):88-100
pages 88-100 views

Difficult Сases in Teaching Foreign Students Borrowed Vocabulary (Language of the Media)

Afanasieva N.D., Zakharchenko S.S., Mogileva I.B.


The article is devoted to one of the important aspects of teaching Russian as a foreign language at the University - work with media materials. The authors note that overcoming such linguistic difficulties as a variety of word-formation models, expressive-evaluative vocabulary, the use of polysemous words, phraseological units, is not enough for an adequate understanding of the texts, and therefore pay attention to such a group of vocabulary as borrowings. Considering the peculiarities of their use, the authors note borrowed and international words with different connotations in different languages.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):101-107
pages 101-107 views

Esse est

Images of Bilingualism in my Monolingual Life (Lyrical Fantasies)

Ekshembeeva L.V.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):108-111
pages 108-111 views

Globalization and Language Policy

Suleimenova E.D.


An attempt is made to illuminate the acute issues of the relationship between globalization and language policy on the example of Russification as a process of purposeful homogenization in language terms during the years of Soviet rule. Types of language policy (vernaculization, monolinguism, multilingualism) are considered as a response to the pressure of globalization.

Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2020;17(1):112-120
pages 112-120 views

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