RUDN Journal of Philosophy

Editor-in-Chief: Vladimir N. Belov, D.Sc. in Philosophy, Professor

ISSN: 2313-2302 (Print) ISSN: 2408-8900 (Online)

Founded in 1997. Publication frequency: quarterly.

Open Access: Open Access. APC: no article processing charge.

Peer-Review: double blind. Publication language: Russian, English

Journal History

PUBLISHER: Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Indexation: Scopus, Russian Index of Science Citation, Google Scholar, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, East View, Dimensions, DOAJ, ResearchBib, Lens, Research4Life, JournalTOCs, British Library, Bodleian Libraries (University of Oxford), Ghent University Library


"RUDN Journal of Philosophy” a peer-reviewed academic journal. For many years, the journal has been a space to feature the best research of the leading Russian and international scholars in the fields of History of Philosophy, Ontology, Theory of Knowledge, Social Philosophy and other areas. Our editorial policy also involves a strong support of young talented scientists throughout the world. The unique experience and traditions of the school of philosophical thought of RUDN University are embodied in philosophical comparativism, which is the top-priority research area of the journal.



Special issue theme (2024): call for papers!

Posted: 13.01.2023

SPECIAL ISSUE THEME (01/2024): Mahayana Buddhist Philosophy


We are pleased to inform you about the forthcoming special topic of the first issue of RUDN Journal of Philosophy: Mahayana Buddhist Philosophy.

Our academic journal aims at the study of philosophical traditions of different cultural and religious genesis. For years it has published studies on philosophical doctrines formed in the Christian and Muslim traditions, doctrines presented in schools of Indian and Chinese philosophical thought.

The special issue will be dedicated to a study of Mahayana Buddhist philosophy in its various forms, from the "original" Indian to Chinese and Tibetan-Mongolian ones. The particular attention is given to the study of the genesis and development of the basic concepts of Mahayana Buddhism, the analysis of classical works, philosophical schools and directions of Mahayana Buddhism.

We invite you to contribute academic articles to this special issue.

Articles (up to 40 000 characters) in Russian or English will be accepted until November 1, 2023.

The issue's editor is V.G. Lysenko, leading expert on the history of Buddhist philosophy, head of the Philosophy of the East Sector of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Sciences in Philosophy.


RUDN Journal of Philosophy is a peer-reviewed academic journal. The journal is included to the lists of Russian Index of Science Citation, and Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation. The journal has a great number of works by influential Russian and foreign scholars in various philosophical disciplines—history of philosophy, ontology, epistemology, social philosophy, ethics—and related fields. The articles are published both in Russian and in English.

We will be glad to hear from you and to accept your articles!


Vladimir Belov, Editor-in-Chief

Call for papers: Special issues in 2023

Posted: 01.11.2022

Special issue theme (01/2023): « Philosophy of V.E. Sezeman».

Special issue theme (02/2023): «Muslim Philosophy: Challenges of the Time».

Special issue theme (03/2023): «Kant’s “Critique of Pure Reason” and Ways of Its Reading by Philosophers».

Special issue theme (04/2023): «Philosophy and Neurosciences».

Call for papers: Special issues in 2023

Posted: 01.11.2022

Special issue theme (01/2023): « Philosophy of V.E. Sezeman».

Special issue theme (02/2023): «Muslim Philosophy: Challenges of the Time».

Special issue theme (03/2023): «Kant’s “Critique of Pure Reason” and Ways of Its Reading by Philosophers».

More Announcements...

Current Issue

Vol 26, No 4 (2022): PHILOSOPHY OF MIND


Philosophy of Mind: Introduction
Vasilyev V.V.

The introductory article by V.V. Vasilyev, the guest editor of the thematic section on “Philosophy of Mind”, offers a general vision on the researches of mind and consciousness today, gives a brief overview of the articles presented in the issue, and outlines the horizon for the development of both interdisciplinary and philosophical studies of consciousness.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):735-739
pages 735-739 views
Philosophy and Science on the Way to Knowing and Making Consciousness
Mikhailov I.F.

The latest progress in empirical studies of consciousness and spectacular advances in AI technologies kick philosophy out of the familiar comfort of uncontrolled proliferation of concepts and scholastic disputes. In the overview of the current state of empirical theories of consciousness, author reveals that those theories still find themselves in the pre-paradigmatic stage, therefore not yet posing an immediate existential threat to the philosophy of consciousness, though making it watch out. Author attempts to deal with the certain ambiguity of the term ‘consciousness’, stripping its meaning from parts already susceptible to science and technology and from parts still highly unlikely to be explained away. Besides, the relationship between philosophy and science is specified in general by analyzing them to their inner dynamics of theories and ontologies, showing that for science, the distinction between the two is substantially more important than for philosophy. From this perspective, philosophical schemas of consciousness claiming to be ‘experiential’ must have met recently formulated criteria for empirical theories of consciousness, otherwise failing to explain anything in the domain. Finally, author adds his pragmatic criterion that addresses the technological perspectives a theory provides. In the end, a winning competitive theory will have to let us produce and control artificial conscious devices.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):740-754
pages 740-754 views
Mind as Machine: The Influence of Mechanism on the Conceptual Foundations of the Computer Metaphor
Baryshnikov P.N.

This article will focus on the mechanistic origins of the computer metaphor, which forms the conceptual framework for the methodology of the cognitive sciences, some areas of artificial intelligence and the philosophy of mind. The connection between the history of computing technology, epistemology and the philosophy of mind is expressed through the metaphorical dictionaries of the philosophical discourse of a particular era. The conceptual clarification of this connection and the substantiation of the mechanistic components of the computer metaphor is the main goal of this article. The statement is substantiated that the invention of mechanical computing devices, having a long history in the European engineering tradition, formed the prerequisites for the emergence of machine functionalism in the modern philosophy of mind. The idea of multiple implementation stems from the principle that a formal symbol system prescribes rules for the use of rational abstractions through the physical architecture of a computational engine. The article considers the reasons for the conceptual shift and reveals the semantic foundations for the metaphorical transfer of the properties of abstract objects from the theory of automata to the field of modern philosophy of mind. The criticism and ways of protecting the philosophical program of machine functionalism are analyzed by changing the content of the metaphor “Mind as machine”. The reasons for the stability of the information-computer approach in cognitive sciences are also disclosed and explained.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):755-769
pages 755-769 views
The Role of Quantum Mechanics in Understanding the Phenomenon of Consciousness
Cherepanov I.V.

The article analyzes the effectiveness of quantum theories of mental experience in relation to two ontological problems - the problem of the existence of consciousness in the material world and the problem of the interaction of consciousness and body. A critical analysis of the quantum theories of consciousness by Penrose-Hameroff, M. Tegmark, G. Stapp, M. Fischer and M.B. Mensky shows that they fail to fully explain how complex physical systems generate mental experience without violating the principle of causal closure of the physical world and the principle of epistemological completeness of physics. Quantum mechanics provides specific processes that are the physical basis of the psyche, but do not explain the phenomenal aspect of subjective reality. Nevertheless, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle gives an understanding of how the interaction of consciousness and body within the scientific picture of the world can be carried out without violating the law of energy conservation. It is shown that the quantum theories of consciousness currently being developed have a predominantly panprotopsychic character, which faces a problem due to the fact that the protomental property of physical systems must be expressed quantitatively and correspond to the value included in the physical equations. As a result, it is concluded that in order to develop quantum theories of consciousness more effectively, it is necessary to give an emergent character, not jumping from the quantum level to the psychic, but explaining the mechanism of the emergence of systemic properties during the sequential transition between different ontological regions of existence, including physical, chemical, biological, neurophysiological and psychic.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):770-789
pages 770-789 views
Georg Northoff's Neurophilosophical Approach
Zhudina A.A.

When trying to give a universal definition to the term “neurophilosophy,” difficulties arise, since each researcher who identifies himself as a member of this field sets his own definition. The common thing for the work of “neurophilosophers” can be described as an interdisciplinary approach, which takes into account the achievements in the field of consciousness research of both philosophical thought and neuroscience. How this approach is implemented and what it represents depends on the particular researcher. This article focuses on Georg Northoff's neurophilosophical approach. For a long time Northoff has been developing a project of neurophilosophy, the distinguishing feature of which is its nonreductive nature: Northoff does not reduce consciousness to the brain but develops a special method that allows philosophy of consciousness and neuroscience to investigate the problems of consciousness and the brain in an integrated way. The article discusses the philosophical foundations of brain research that Nortoff provides, as well as the role of process ontology for the study of consciousness and the brain. In addition, the empirical studies of brain activity with which Northoff illustrates his philosophical claims are presented. The paper also identifies the philosophical significance of the brain-body-environment connection for the emergence of the processual self in Northoff's theory. At the same time, Northoff does not engage in a search for a solution to the consciousness-brain problem and, in particular, the hard problem of consciousness. Instead, he seeks to question and dissolve the problem while questioning its premises. Northoff argues that philosophers of consciousness refer to studies of particular areas and aspects of the brain to construct their theories, whereas to solve the problems of consciousness it is necessary to consider the brain holistically, as represented in neuroscientific research.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):790-804
pages 790-804 views


Neoplatonism and Byzantine Patristics: The Relationship of Plotinus’ Concept of the Triad and the Christian Doctrine of the Holy Trinity
Chistyakov D.I.

Traces the continuity of the ideas of Neoplatonism in Greek-Byzantine Patristics in the process of developing the orthodox doctrine of the Holy Trinity by the Church Fathers. The author emphasizes commonalities and distinctions in Neoplatonism and Christianity. Plotinus’ concept of the triad, the One - the Intellect - the Soul, is considered with a focus on the analysis of Plotinus’ ideas regarding the One as Deity and the Origin of the world. The process of emanation of the Neo-platonic trinity hypostasis and its connection through the World Soul with the material world is highlighted. The formation of the dogma of the Holy Trinity in classical Eastern (Greek-Byzantine) Patristics is presented in comparison with Neoplatonism. The ideas of Arius and Arianism, which also absorbed Neoplatonism, but created a theology of a different, unorthodox persuasion, are considered. The provisions of Athanasius of Alexandria, a representative of classical Patristics, on the Holy Trinity and Arius are compared. The creative perception of Plotinus’ conceptual positions in the works of St. Athanasius is presented and their difference is analyzed. In particular, the concepts of the One, the Intellect, and the Soul of Plotinus and St. Athanasius’ understanding of God the Father, the Son of God and the Holy Spirit are considered. The peculiarity of the emergence and existence of the hypostases in Plotinus’ triad in the dialectical process of successive emanation is highlighted. The existence of the hypostases in the triadic dogma of Christianity is shown as the same in being (homoousion) of the three Persons of the Trinity united by a single divine essence. The theological interpretation of the intra-divine life of the Trinity and its philosophical-religious expression in the categories “unborn” (Father), “begotten” (Son of God), “proceeding from the Father” (Holy Spirit) are revealed. The concepts of emanation (Neoplatonism) and proceeding (Patristics) are compared.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):805-820
pages 805-820 views
Aesthetic Experience in the Concepts of R. Ingarden, V. Schapp and K. Stavenhagen
Popov E.A.

The article summarizes the views of representatives of the phenomenological aesthetics of the twentieth century and the most famous students of Husserl. It is the aesthetic experience that becomes one of the key concepts in the concepts of Ingarden, Schapp and Stavenhagen. In them, aesthetic experience is associated with the ability of subjects to “ontologize” things, to individual and collective reactions to the status of things and objects. That is why the emphasis in the works of representatives of aesthetics is placed on the wisdom of subjects and determining their readiness for aesthetic experience. Such readiness can manifest itself in the beliefs and moral choices of subjects. The article concludes about the ways of «ontologization» of things proposed by thinkers. The views of thinkers in these matters were influenced by the fascination with the philosophy of history, ethics and partly the philosophy of religion. Socially oriented motives are traced in their concepts of aesthetic experience. In addition, thinkers defined the multidimensionality of aesthetic experience by offering their own constructions for measuring or fixing it. The article examines the structure of aesthetic experience proposed by them, and also makes judgments about some possibilities of applying approaches in assessing the formation of aesthetic experience in the modern world.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):821-834
pages 821-834 views
Ludwig Heinrich von Jakob and His Treatise
Shevtsov A.V.

The treatise of the German philosopher Ludwig Heinrich von Jakob (1759-1827), Examination of Mendelssohn’s Morning Hours, or All Speculative Proofs for the Existence of God provides researchers with a good excuse to address captivating subjects related to issues of biographical and historical-philosophical dimension. Of particular interest in this context is the introductory article by I. Kant, which he sent to L.H. von Jakob before the publication of the treatise. The central idea of Jacob’s treatise was to defend Kant’s critical philosophy against the also critical M. Mendelssohn’s position. In the treatise, von Jakob sought to defend Kant’s concept against Mendelssohn’s similar methodological attitude of criticality in his treatment of philosophy. On this basis, Jacob’s treatise contains a serious critique of Mendelssohn’s concept. The treatise indicates an interesting picture of a certain competition between the authors of philosophical concepts of the German Enlightenment. The sides of the “Russian” period in L.H. von Jakob’s biography are also revealed. The treatise scrutinizes Mendelssohn’s methodological positions, as well as an analytical examination of his axioms. To reproduce this analysis accurately, an attempt is made to compare von Jakob’s philosophical ideas with some of Kant’s ideas. L.H. von Jakob’s philosophy can be defined as critical, with some reservations, in the general history of the German Enlightenment. It contributes substantially to comprehending the essence of the philosophical positions of both Kant and Mendelssohn and also clarifies the nature of the difference between the critiques of these two German thinkers.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):835-850
pages 835-850 views

Manuscript and transfers

The Unknown Reviews by S.L. Frank in the “Neue Züricher Zeitung”
Tsygankov A.S., Obolevitch T.

Оffers a historical-philosophical reconstruction of Frank’s collaboration with the Swiss newspaper “Neue Züricher Zeitung” in the late 1920s and 1930s. The circumstances of Frank’s contacts with the newspaper’s editor Hans Barth are analysed on the basis of archival material and the correspondence ran between the philosophers. It is established that the beginning of their intensive collaboration was laid at the 8th International Philosophical Congress, held in Prague in 1934. Following this event, Barth not only began to publish regularly Frank’s texts in the Swiss newspaper, but was also involved in organising his lecture tours to Switzerland and assisted in finding publishers for the first German edition of Frank’s work, Das Unergründliche ( The Unknowable ). Particular attention is paid to the context of Frank’s publications in the “Neue Züricher Zeitung”, and in particular to his reviews of works by French thinkers René Le Senn ( Obstacle and Value ) and Eugene Augustovich Minkowski ( Towards a Cosmology. Philosophical Fragments ). The circumstances of the Russian philosopher’s acquaintance and communication with the French authors are discussed. Their responses to Frank’s reviews, which are preserved in their personal correspondence, are described. Frank’s critical approach toward M. Heidegger’s fundamental ontology, which appear in the review, is also presented.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):851-859
pages 851-859 views
Changes in French Thinking" (1935), "Soul and World" (1938). Reviews
Frank S.L., Tsygankov A.S., Obolevitch T.

Russian translation of S.L. Frank’s reviews - “Changes in French Thinking” (1935) and “Soul and Peace” (1938) - for the Neue Züricher Zeitung on the works of Le Senne and Minkovski, with comments by Tsygankov A.S. and Obolevich T.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):860-869
pages 860-869 views


Ethical Theoretical Reflections on Social Media: Place of the Human Being in the Digital Space
Tsai W., Chistyakova O.V.

Raises the problem of ethics in interpersonal relations on the Internet. The ontological difference between digital cyberspace from the real world is emphasized and the corresponding conceptual constructions of modern thinkers are derived. Relevant questions of modern philosophy are substantiated - whether there are some specific ethical relations in cyberspace, which arise directly on the Internet, how they are possible, and how they can be regulated. As a theoretical and methodological basis for answering these questions, presents Levinas’ ideas regarding ethical thinking and the principles of “real” meetings on the Internet: for-the-other , face-to-face , and existent-beyond-Being . In this context, Levinas’ conception of interpersonal and ethical relations in digital reality and the role of the Other in these relations are examined. The idea of the Other as a subject being outside, but for whom the user of the Internet is responsible, is disclosed. This type of responsibility, according to Levinas, is an ethical norm. The article shows the phenomenon of augmented reality as a type of hybrid reality, which is formed with the help of digital technology. Augmented reality superimposes virtual images on the real world so that both parties interact with each other. It is emphasized that in modern social science augmented reality technology is seen as blurring the boundaries of virtual and real, as well as true and false. The concepts of Bill Persky, Nicholas Negroponte, and Marc Prensky on digital communication and the impact of cyberspace on humans are considered. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the construction of so-called primordial ethical relationships on the Internet. An important place here is occupied by D. Barney’s theory, aimed at studying the impact of the technical characteristics of network technologies on the social interaction of people. His idea of building qualitatively new interpersonal relationships in the digital environment is emphasized. The characteristic of the virtual environment as a space without response and one-way communication is noted. In this regard, the concept of N. Luhmann about the construction employing mass media of a special illusory, symbolic space, which modern man perceives as objective reality, is substantiated. The problem of obtaining truth and objective knowledge-information is derived.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):870-881
pages 870-881 views
Modernization of Higher Education for Tourism and Hospitality in Contemporary Conditions: Socio-Philosophical Analysis
Gerneshiy V.V.

The article presents the results of the theoretical generalization of approaches to modeling modern tourism education as a socio-cultural phenomenon, which has entered the stage of new development under the influence of social needs and external influences. It is indicated that because of socio-political and economic changes in the world, the domestic tourism industry has been affected by numerous negative heterogeneous and multidirectional factors. This situation has led to quite profound transformations in the Russian tourism industry. It is emphasized that now the industry business community makes higher demands on the professional level of employees as a key factor in the effective operation of industry’s enterprises and their development in changing socio-economic conditions. The professional community notes the urgent need for growth in public understanding of the prestige of both the tourism industry itself and tourism professional education. The article emphasizes that the domestic tourism industry will require significant quantitative changes in personnel potential in the coming years. The quality of training should ensure the formation of competencies that allow the effective use of the created infrastructure to create a level of service that meets the expectations and demands of consumers of tourist services. The author notes that the transformation of the domestic tourism industry predetermines the change in models of tourism education. The formation of tourist education models is considered through the interconnection of educational content mastered by students and learning activities, providing high-quality and complete learning. The article provides a socio-philosophical analysis of the main models of tourism education in Russia, highlighting some general disadvantages and advantages of each model. The variety of methodological tools used in contemporary training of specialists in tourism and hospitality, considering modern conditions of transition to intensive development of domestic tourism, is traced.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):882-895
pages 882-895 views


Transcendental Anthropology as the Foundation of the Philosophical System of Kant. Book Review: Kalinnikov L.A. Philosophical System of Kant. Concept and results]. Kaliningrad: Izd-vo BFU im. I. Kanta; 2021. 222 p. (In Russian)
Kryshtop L.E., Karpitskaya E.K.


RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2022;26(4):896-910
pages 896-910 views

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