Features of adaptation of foreign students to the Russian linguo-cultural and educational environment

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Abstract


The article describes the factors that influence the processes of socio-psychological and sociocultural adaptation of foreign students receiving education in a second language in terms of the culturally alien environment. The adaptation process is considered in two interrelated coordinate systems: the student - his/her socio-cultural environment and student - educational environment, in which he included natural way. Socio-cultural adaptation of a foreign student is a multi-step process that includes: 1) dosed directly related to the motivational sphere of the student’s receipt of information about the culture of the country of the target language; 2) development of the ability to correct interpretation of specific manifestations of communicative behavior of Russian; 3) the formation of practical skills of educational professional and cultural-everyday communication with Russians. The authors substantiate the position that the process will be less painful and more effective if: a) to make it manageable; b) to develop a set of measures to prevent failures in communication and to remove the psychological tension, which is due to the influence of other cultures.


About the authors

Nina Leonidovna Fedotova

St.-Petersburg State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: n.fedotova@spbu.ru
7/9, Universitetskaya Emb., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation

Doctor of Pedagogy, Professor, Faculty of Philology, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “St. Petersburg State University” (Russia). Research interests: methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language, teaching of foreign pronunciation, psycholinguistics, testing. The author of more than100 scientific articles

Lyudmila Vladimirovna Miller

Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University

Email: ludmilavmiller@mail.ru
9, Moskovskiy pr., St. Petersburg, 190031, Russian Federation

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education “Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University” (Russia). Research interests: cross-cultural communication, methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language, professionally oriented teaching Russian to students of technical specialties. The author of 50 scientific articles

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