No 1 (2013)


A Few Words about Miloslav Petrusek

Narbut N.P.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):5-6
pages 5-6 views

Sociology between the Past and the Future: Traditions and Prospects

Petrusek M.


The article by outstanding Czech sociologist Miloslav Petrusek (1936—2012) discusses a number of theoretical, methodological and practical issues of great importance for sociology today. In particular, the author touches upon various approaches to the classification of the Western sociological tradition (R. Collins, R. Boudon), raises the fundamental question of the specific nature of sociological cognition of social phenomena, characterizing its 'multi-paradigm' status, points out a number of difficulties connected with the peculiarities of teaching sociology in universities under the conditions of radical pluralization of intellectual life, typical of the 'post-modern epoch'.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):7-15
pages 7-15 views

“Societies of the Latest Times” in the Perspective of Miloslav Petrusek’s Sociological Analysis

Narbut N.P., Šubrt J.


The article makes a preliminary attempt to analyze some key ideas of famous Czech sociologist Miloslav Petrusek (1936—2012), and, first of all, his ideas of the specific nature of the latest stage of social development and shaping of the so-called ‘societies of the latest times’ coming into being at the turn of the XXI century. The author examines in detail some concrete aspects of Petrusek’s views in the discussion on the relevant theoretical and conceptual descriptions, used in the world sociology as means of scientific interpretation of the phenomena of modernity/post-modernity.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):16-27
pages 16-27 views

Individualism versus Holism: An Attempt to Overcome Theoretical Dualism

Šubrt J.


The article deals with one of the key theoretical dilemmas of contemporary sociology: the dualism of the individualistic and holistic approaches. One of the most famous attempts to overcome this dualism is Anthony Giddens’ structuring theory, alongside with the conception of critical realism of Roy Bhaskar and Margaret Archer. Their efforts are focused on bringing together the individualistic and holistic approaches, as well as on the alternation of both perspectives within a single explanatory model. The author of this article believes that this problem can be solved exclusively if both perspectives are “blended” in their theoretical explanation demonstrating that the concepts which we use in sociological theory — the actor, action, and structure — are inherently dualistic, in other words, they are “duplexes”.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):28-46
pages 28-46 views

The Reflexive Principle of Sociological Theorization

Ubaidullayeva R.T.


The article attempts to describe the reflexive principle in theory-making, which integrates the basic modern methodological paradigms and lays the foundation for the development of sociology. On the basis of the theoretical ideas of P. Bourdieu, A. Giddens and P. Ricoeur the author defines the concept of social reflexion and reveals its peculiarities in sociology as compared to reflexion in philosophy. According to the author, the fulfillment of reflexive functions in sociology is connected with the task of analyzing the complex structure of the polysemantic object, considering the specific quality of the subjects and their various trends of development. The presence of the poles — objectivity-subjectivity, rationality-irrationality, consciousness-unconsciousness etc, requires a reproduction of the dichotomies engendering them in social life and development of cognitive methods for their study in sociology.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):47-56
pages 47-56 views

The Information Aspect of Extremism and Terrorism and the Destructive Trends in the Mass Media

Nekrasova E.V.


The article is devoted to the problem of destructive trends in modern Russian mass media as well as to the information component in the activities of extremist and terrorist organizations. The destructive trends in the mass media manifest themselves in the escalation of animosity, aggression, creation of the cult of violence and xenophobia moods. Terrorist organizations use the mass media for their own purposes: they create the atmosphere of fear and tension in society, recruit new followers, mainly among the youth, which is a serious problem. It is important to use the positive potential of the mass media to counteract extremism and terrorism.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):57-66
pages 57-66 views

Legal Globalization in the Context of the World Development Trends: Essence, Specifics, Prospects

Bugayenko Y.Y.


The article analyses the impact of globalizing processes on the system of jurisprudence in contemporary society. The author sees globalization as an objective trend towards making different spheres of human life international, which primarily affects the activities of the agents in international economic relations, resulting in molding a common international social-economic, political, legal and informational system, where each element is part of the global whole. The author attempts to identify the peculiarities of legal globalization as a «relatively autonomous» and specific combination of facts, interrelated at the same time with some others, together making up the general world trend of globalization.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):67-73
pages 67-73 views

Consumption of Gold in the World

Rubtsov N.N.


The structure of consumption of gold in the world is analyzed in the article. It is noted that since the beginning of this century it has seen substantial changes. The investment demand for this precious metal has become the leading consumption drive alongside with the jewelry industry. Besides, the geography of demand has changed substantially, too. Some countries on the Asian continent, primarily India and China, have become the major consumers of gold.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):74-86
pages 74-86 views

Psycho-Semantic Methods in the Study of Ethnic Stereotypes

Puzanova Z.V., Medvedeva A.V.


The article presents the results of the research of ethnic stereotypes characteristic of PFUR students. The author describes the development and application of the research instruments on the basis of the semantic differential and method of associations, and analyzes the images of various ethnic groups in the minds of young people, the structure of these images, their ideas of the characteristics of different ethnic groups and the extent to which these ideas of different ethnic groups are similar.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):87-116
pages 87-116 views

Why Does Modern Russia Need the Word ‘Chinovnik’?

Ipatova A.A.


This article focuses on the word ‘chinovnik’, which ceased to be a historical term after the disintegration of the Russian empire and means an official who had a rank in tzarist Russia. Nevertheless, one century later, this word is frequently used in the modern Russian language, and mostly with a negative connotation. The author analyses the reasons for the new figurative meaning of the word ‘chinovnik’ and formulates the main notional elements of this concept. The article is based on the empirical material of interviews with state and municipal officials, where they speak about their attitude to the word ‘chinovnik’, as well as the attitude of ‘common’ people towards themselves that they experience in their work.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):117-129
pages 117-129 views

Professional Trades of the Sakha People and the “Breakthrough” into Information Society

Podoynitsina I.I.


In this article the author deals with the concept of ethnic-cultural division of labor in terms of theory and methodology, with references to the ethnos theory of L.N. Gumilev. The ethnic-cultural division of labor is also considered from the point of view of historical and sociological approaches, with the analysis of the data collected in a big sociological survey in 16 regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya), conducted in October, 2011. The author describes the swift process of introducing information technologies in the republic.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):130-142
pages 130-142 views

The Family as a Value Orientation among Students in Serbia

Miltojević V.


The processes of globalization, liberalization and transition will inevitably lead to changes in the value systems of certain societies, shaping the elements of their structure. Thus, the above mentioned processes directly affect the family as the primary social group and a basic unit of society. This results in a number of positive and negative changes and consequences in the family. Apart from positive changes that are primarily related to the democratization of husband-wife and parents-children relations, there are often many negative changes and effects (depletion, domestic violence, weakening of the emotional bond and alienation, etc.). Despite all these numerous changes within and around the family, it has always been and remains the primary social group which plays a significant role in forming the personality, leaving a deep mark on individual lives. In the whirlwind of globalization and transition, the Serbian family is faced with many difficulties and problems while carrying out its functions. The youth in Serbia increasingly postpone getting married and starting a family, the frequency of divorce is higher and the birth rate of children is lower, etc. This paper analyzes the data obtained in the research project “Value orientations among students in Serbia”, carried out in Belgrade, as part of the extensive research project organized in the capitals of China, Russia and the Czech Republic.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):143-152
pages 143-152 views

Value Conditionality of Identity

Yusupov M.M.


The article considers theoretical approaches to the study of values and identity, and reveals the role of values in the formation of the ethnic, regional and Russian identity on the example of Chechnya and the North Caucasus, with the sociological indicators characterizing value orientations and self-identification.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):153-161
pages 153-161 views

Humanitarian Education in Russian Universities: A Secondary Analysis and Experimental “Pilot” Research (on the example of teaching philosophy)

Mazurov N.A.


The article describes an attempt to study some concrete aspects in the functioning of the higher education system and its structural components. The state of humanitarian (philosophical, in particular) education in modern Russia is in the focus of research and is studied with the help of the methods of empirical sociology. The author makes use of both the “secondary analysis” of the data collected by other researchers, and the materials of his own pilot studies of the problems in Russian higher education.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):162-171
pages 162-171 views

P. Bourdieu on the Nature of Bureaucracy

Filatova O.V.


The article analyzes P. Bourdieu’s views on the interrelation between the formation of the system of public service and the establishment of the bureaucratic state. The author emphasizes the role of education and law in the formation of bureaucracy turning into a specific “social reality” (P. Bourdieu). A conclusion is made about the changes in the principles of functioning of the state accompanying the process of bureaucratization.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):172-180
pages 172-180 views

The Analysis of Non-Verbal Information as a Determining Factor in Managerial Behaviour

Lobanova E.N.


Non-verbal communication is studied in psychology. Being a part of human communication, though, it also contains useful information in terms of sociology of management. Different stages of business communication determine and are determined by non-verbal communication.
RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):181-191
pages 181-191 views


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RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2013;(1):192-193
pages 192-193 views

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