Kabardian Fable: Archetypal Core and Ethnospecific Poetics

Cover Page

Cite item


Fable artifabulas, which are transhistorical in nature, have many ethnocultural refractions in the literature of different peoples of the world. In this article, with methodological support on the works of I.G. Herder, G.D. Gachev, as well as contemporary Caucasian scholars, the author explores the specifics of the Kabardian fable, taken in the dialectical unity of its stable, archetypal constants and nationally determined contexts. By the example of the fables of K. Atazhukin, A. Dymov, B. Zhanimov, B. Kagermazov, P. Tambiev, B. Tkhamokov, M. Khakuasheva, P. Shekikhachev, T. Sheretlokov, A. Shomakhov, H. Elberdov the law of correlation between moral values declared by poets and the postulates of the Kabardian ethical code “Adyghe Khabze” is shown. Within the framework of historical poetics, the author demonstrates three-stage evolutionary process associated with the transition of fabulists from the practice of borrowing classical subjects to national adaptation, and then to the creation of original texts. Much attention is paid to the decoding of symbolic images.

About the authors

Kara Oskarovna Khashir

Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after Kh.M. Berbekov

Author for correspondence.
Email: cara.khashir@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3426-9166

a postgraduate student, an expert of the Monitoring and Rating Research Center

173, Str. Chernyshevskyi, Nalchik, 360004, Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Russian Federation


  1. Kuchukova, A.R., and Z.A. Kuchukova. 2015. “Kalila and Dimna as a prototype of transnational fairy tales”. In National images of the world in artistic culture: Materials of the International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 85th anniversary of the birth of the literary critic, philosopher, culturologist G.D. Gachev (1929—2008). Nalchik: Publishing house of M. and V. Kotlyarovs (LLC “Polygraphservice and T”). Pp. 306—311. Print. (In Russ.)
  2. Zhukovsky, V.A. 1960. “O basne i basnyakh Krylova”. In Collected works in 4 v. Vol. 4: 402—418. Moscow, Saint Petersburg: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo khudozhestvennoi literatury publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  3. Stepanov, V.P., and N.L. Stepanov, eds. 1977. Russkaya basnya XVIII—XIX vekov. Saint Petersburg: Sovetskii pisatel’ publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  4. Gachev, G.D. 2008. Mental’nosti narodov mira. Moscow: Eksmo, Algoritm publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  5. Herodotus. 2004. Istoriya [The Histories]. Translated by G. Stratanovsky. Moscow: OLMAPRESS Invest publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  6. Kuzhuget, Sh.Yu., Suvandii, N.D., and Ch.K. Lamazhaa. 2021. The Problems оf Translating Cultural Concepts into Another Language: On the Example оf Tuvan Cultural Concepts. Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices 18 (4): 405—420. doi: 10.22363/2618-897X-2021-184-405-420
  7. Bakhtin, M.M. 1979. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [The Aesthetics of Verbal Creativity]. Moscow: Iskusstvo publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  8. Herder, I.G. 1977. Idei k filosofii istorii chelovechestva. Translated by A. Mikhailov. Moscow: Nauka publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  9. Potebnja, A.A. 1894. Iz lektsii po teorii slovesnosti. Kharkov: Tipografiya K. Schastni publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  10. Snegirev, I.M. 2014. Russkie narodnye poslovitsy i pritchi, edited by O.A. Platonov. Moscow: Institut russkoi tsivilizatsii publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  11. Naloev, Z.M. 2010. Antologiya rannei adygoyazychnoi literatury. Nalchik: KBGI publ. Print. (In Kabardian)
  12. Ushinsky, K.D. 2019. Skazki i rasskazy. Moscow: AST publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  13. Elberdov, Kh.U. 1993. Selected Works. Nalchik: Elbrus publ. Print. (In Kabardian)
  14. Petrovsky, F.A., and F.I. Greenberg, eds. 1968. Basni Ezopa. Translated by M. Gasparov. Moscow: Nauka publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  15. Kudaeva, Z.Zh. 2012. The bee in the mythoepic views of the Adyghes. Bulletin of the Adyghe State University. Series 2: Philology and Art History 1: 39—41.
  16. Kuyek, A.S. 2013. Sacred tree in mythic poetic views of Adyghes. Bulletin of the Adyghe State University. Series 2: Philology and Art History 2: 161—167.
  17. Zhanimov, B.A. 1959. Novyi pobeg. Nalchik: Tipografiya imeni Revolyutsii 1905 goda publ. Print. (In Kabardian)
  18. Bgazhnokov, B.Kh. 1999. Adygskaya etika. Nalchik: El’-Fa publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  19. Soblirova, Z.H., Hokonov, M.A., and A.A. Zhurtova. 2019. Ethnographic Analysis of the Sociocultural Content of the Mutual Assistance Practices of the Kabardians and Balkars. E-journal “Kavkazologiya” 4: 92—111. doi: 10.31143/2542-212X-2019-4-92-111
  20. Dumanov, Kh.M. 1976. Obychnoe imushchestvennoe pravo kabardintsev (vtoraya polovina XIX — nachalo XX v.). Nalchik: Elbrus publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  21. Bgazhnokov, B.Kh. 2003. Osnovanie gumanisticheskoi etnologii. Moscow: RUDN publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  22. Krylov, I.A. 1946. Full Composition of Writings. Vol. 3. Moscow: OGIZ publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  23. Kozhevnikov, A.Yu., and T.B. Lindbergh, eds. 2006. Mudrost’ vekov. Zapad. Saint Petersburg: Neva publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  24. Babich, I.L. 1996. The evolution of the customs of hospitality among Kabardians (mid. XIX—XX centuries). Ethnographic Review. Ethnicity and culture 3: 23—35.
  25. Khan Girey. 1978. Zapiski o Cherkesii. Nalchik: El’brus publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  26. Bgazhnokov, B.Kh. 1987. Traditional and new in the table etiquette of the Adyghe people. Sovetskaya etnografiya 2: 89—100.
  27. Tkhagapsoev, H.G. 2019. “Etnichesky factor v kulturno-tsivilitsionnyh protsessah”. In Kulturologicheskaja nauka na paradigmalnyh razlomah: izbrannye trudy [Cultural Science on Paradigmatic Faults: Collec-tion Works.]. Saint Petersburg: Izd-vo RGPU im. A.I. Gertsena. Print. (In Russ.)

Copyright (c) 2022 Khashir K.O.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies