Vol 22, No 1 (2017)

LITERARY CRITICISM
A.P. CHEKHOV AS A READER
Nikoletic S.
Abstract

The purpose of this article is to describe the reading practices of A.P. Chekhov during the formation and development of his writing talent. The research focuses mainly on Chekov’s epistolary heritage from 1876 until 1888. In his correspondence with family, friends, aspiring writers, publishers and well- known figures of Russian culture of the 1870s and 1880s preferences and interests of the writer can be identified in reference to articles, newspapers, magazines and books he liked to read. A wide range of Russian and foreign books and articles that Chekhov read contributed to not only the achievement of literary excellence, but also to the formation of Chekhov as a person. The evolution of Chekhov as a reader from 1876 to 1888 is particularly important for understanding the origins of the poetic style of his prosaic and dramatic works.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):7-16
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THE MOTIF OF CULTURAL MEMORY AND THE IDYLLIC DISCOURSE OF BUNIN, GUMILEV AND IVAN SAVIN
Zavelskaya D.A.
Abstract

This article is about the interpretation of object images of a certain type in the literature of the early twentieth century. Cultural memory appears in these images as the fruit of good deed.Time is felt through the image in space. Ethical meaning of objects is analyzed in the context of “good deed” as the essence of human culture. As a hypothesis, there is a need to examine the particular idyllic discourse.In the unity of the “idyllic discourse” examines the works of Bunin (“Black soil”, “Antonovsky apples”, “The accursed days”); Gumilev’s poem “The Town”, “The prodigal son” and “Strayed tram”; the Savin’s poem “And the canary. And the geranium...”, the short story “In the dead house”.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):17-27
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THE “ITALIAN CYCLE” IN NIKOLAI GUMILEV’S POETRY
Golovchenko I.F.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the so called “Italian cycle” in Nikolai Gumilev’s poetry. It consists of the poems “Venice”, “Fra Beato Angeliko”, “Pisa”, “Rome”, “The Cathedral of Padova”, “Genova”, “Bologna”, “Napoli”, “Villa Borghese”, “Florence”. The common structure of the poems devoted to Italy and the Italian cities is described.The “Italian cycle” is a part of developing the theme of travel in Nikolai Gumilev’s poetry. The travels of the poet in different cities and countries are reflected in his poetry and this “travel diary” had a clear objective: to point a given toponym on the map making out of it a culturonym, which has a specific semiotic significance.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):28-35
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LYRICS OF “THE INNER VOICE” IN THE MODERN LITERATURE
Meskin V.A., Zinurova E.A.
Abstract

The authors analyze the Russian modern poetry and note the substantial changes in the poetics - the genre instability, new trends of the sound arrangement, and the obvious changes in certain lexical and semantic ranks. The hypothesis of lyrics monologization occupies an important place in the article. It implies a reduction of colloquial style of speech, a tangible transition of lyrics to the nonverbal level. In particular, the authors conclude that that author’s identity in the modern poetry changes, and consequently the problems, which poets set themselves, change too. The author’s reasoning and conclusions are based on analytical publications of the recent years and accessing the works of famous and little - known modern poets.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):36-46
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CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN HISTORICAL PROSE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE LITERARY PROCESS OF 2000-2010th
Soldatkina Y.V.
Abstract

The purpose of the article is to identify the main principles of creation of the modern historical fiction and to determine the reasons for its popularity. In the course of the current study, the following features of modern Russian historical prose were noted: non-realistic depictions of historical events and historical figures, the shift of the narrative towards the sphere of private life and reinforcing the entertainment element. Writers are paying more attention to recreating the historical flavor, reflecting the consciousness of the era. The historico-philosophical prose of V. Aksenov and E. Vodolazkin is fundamentally different: they bring back to the historical prose its core values, philosophical and social categories, which are equally important for the past eras as well modern times. In general, the modern historical fiction, if analyzed systematically, reflects the leading artistic trends of the literary process of 2000-2010th: a dialogue with mass culture and the search for a new narrative style.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):47-54
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“MYSLENNYI VOLK” (“MENTAL WOLF”) BY ALEXEY VARLAMOV AS A SYMBOLIST NOVEL
Meskin V.A.
Abstract

The author of the article analyzes poetics of the novel by Alexey Varlamov - a contemporary author, a successor of the traditions of Russian Classic literature of the XIX century. The plot covers the last years of the Russian Empire and the Red Terror that followed the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917. The novel depicts life and fate of many historical and fictional characters. Analyzing the plot, the composition, the motifs of the novel, the author of the article reveals typological parallels between its poetics and the poetics of Russian Symbolism of the early twentieth century, novels written by Fedor Sologub, Valery Bryusov, and Andrey Bely and his novel «Petersburg». The author concludes the novel written by Alexey Varlamov is an example of symbolism prose.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):55-65
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BOYAN AND «THE POET OF THE REGIMENT OF IGOR» IN THE SAME CYCLE OF SONNETS BY VLADIMIR PALCHIKOV
Fedotov O.I., Shelemova A.O.
Abstract

In article the cycle of sonnets of Vladimir Palchikov “The poet of the Igor’s regiment” is analyzed. Images legendary Bojana in his correlation with the anonymous author of the great poem, the prince Igor, his brother Vsevolod, Izyaslav Vasilkovich, Yaroslavna and the grand Kiev duke Svyatoslav are considered.The genius author of the poem “The word about of the Igor’s regiment” from the time of its discovery had a multiple resound in Russian poetry. Its interpreters invented so many various forms. One of the most unexpected were sonnets and its variations (cycles of sonnets, and others). Though it’s a truth that “The word about Igor’s regiment” and sonnets appeared almost simultaneously at the end of XIIth century.The article sonnet cycle of V. Palchikov is being analyzed. The images of legendary Boyan are being revised, as well as Knight Igor, his brother Vsevolod, Izyzslavl’ Vasilkovich and Yaroslavna, Kiev Great Knight Svyatoslav. Especial attention is payed to the confessional position of the legendary author.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):66-75
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THE DICHOTOMY OF “CITY AND VILLAGE” IN STORIES OF V.M SHUKSHIN AND PHANISHWARNATH RENU
Thakur S.K.
Abstract

The article presents a comparative analysis of the dichotomy of “City and Village” in stories of the famous Russian writer V. M. Shukshin and Indian writer Phanishwarnath Renu. Considering typological similarities between India and Russia in the second half of the XX century, the present paper examines similar and distinctive features in depiction of the problem of city and village in two stories each of Shukshin and Renu.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):76-83
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«WE DIE HERE»: SOVIET RUSSIA IN CREATION OF AYN RAND
Sergeeva M.O., Savastenko R.A.
Abstract

The first works by A. Rand, a famous American writer, are discussed in the article: a screenplay “Red Pawn” and a novel “We are living” which formed the author’s philosophic concept based on her peculiar vision of Communist Ideology. Some peculiar features of describing the USSR as a totalitarian system are being analyzed; some particular examples of the dictatorship influence on free artistic people are being discussed. Also, the autobiographic elements of these works and their influence on the author’s further creations as well as Ayn Rand’s attitude towards Soviet Russia are studied in the article. The analysis of Ayn Rand’s early works allows us to see the events of one of the most controversial period of Russian history through the prism of literary creativity of the first wave of Soviet emigration.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):84-91
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ACTUALIZATION OF THE INNER FORM OF OLZHAS SULEOMENIV’ WORLD”
Utepova R.I.
Abstract

The article reveals a distinctive feature of the poetry of Olzhasa Suleimenova. Their content is reduced to the actualization of the inner form of the word in a poetic text. The scientific revolution introduced previously known works of the author, which are essential for the study of the specifics of the formation and implementation of a creative plan Olzhas Suleimenov.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):92-98
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JOURNALISM
POLITICS - MEDIA-РOLITICIANS: A SOCIOLOGICAL PARADIGM
Fedotova L.N.
Abstract

The article deals with political communication as the actualization of the interests of different social groups in the different information platforms which are realized the problem of political structures to present their social programs and attract supporters. The possibilities of these areas with a primary focus on the media, as well as the reaction of these activities on the part of the population, in particular, according to sociological research, including the results of the elections in the US - 2016.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):99-114
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POTENTIAL THREAT OF MODERN MEDIA TEXT: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES
Miloslavskaya Z.A.
Abstract

This paper considers the process of shaping the modern multifunctional media text in the information space of convergent media. An assumption is made that the global media text, while providing unique capability of rapid and detailed news coverage, may be potentially harmful for the audience. The major threats are specific addictions such as the internet addiction and PR addiction, mentally traumatic situations, and even health damaging and life threatening conditions. These threats may be caused by infrequent and incorrect moderation and fact checking. Recent initiatives by the State aimed at regulating the web may be considered as evidence of threats coming from certain forms of media text.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):115-122
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MASS INFORMATION FLOWS IN VIEW OF (IN THE LIGHT OF) SYNERGETIC APPROACH
Cherednichenko V.I.
Abstract

In the article the immaturity is detected of such a key problem of the science of journalism as mass information flows. An attempt was made to consider the problem of information flows at a synergetic angle. The rules were formulated describing the principle and mode of operation of mass information flows in society. It is shown that the information flow represents a complex dynamic system consisting of a multitude of relatively independent subsystems represented by information inflows. In the context of study the world information picture appears as the projection of global information flow. The insecurity is identified for a person from information flows as a global self-developing system capable of having an unpredictable and undesirable impact on his/her perception and behavior.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):123-129
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PRACTICES OF POLITICAL-ADMINISTRATIVEDISCOURSE IN MEDIA COMMUNICATIONS ON THE INTERNET
Barabash V.V., Chekunova M.A.
Abstract

This article discusses thereasonsand conditionsfor the registrationof suchdiscoursesubspecies,asp olitico-administrativenetworkmediadiscourse.Referring to the diversity of approaches to understanding discourse in the theory and practice of modern philology and massmedia, the author with the help of examples reveals a number of original features that enable him to collective arrive at a reasoned conclusion that political-administrative network mediadiscourse is a complete dynamic set of motivated texts, development and integrity which arise from the traditions and culture of speech actions, typical of the political and administrative sphere of network media communications.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):130-140
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RUSSIAN RADIO JOURNALISM OF AN INCUNABULA PERIOD: FIRST FORMS’ SPECIFICS
Tikhonova O.V.
Abstract

This article is dedicated to the birth of an important period of the formation of native broadcast journalism and radio heralds. Transmited by the radiotelegraph, they were delivered special local stations and became popular among print newspapers, leaflets, newsletters, posters, reaching a mass audience. The author proposes a analytical overview of textual materials of archive folder of one of Moscow issues “Radio Herald ROSTA”.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):141-155
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ROLE OF THE PERIODICALS IN THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION IN RUSSIA, 1857-1861 (“ECONOMICHESKIY UKAZATEL” OF V.I. VERNADSKY AND “VESTNIK PROMYSHLENNOSTI” OF F.V. CHIZHOV)
Surnina I.A.
Abstract

The article describes the role of key business publications of the turn of the 1850-1860’s. social and economic transformations in Russia. Analyzed the controversy between them (“Economicheskii Ukazatel’” of V.I. Vernadsky and the “Vestnik Promyshlennosti” of F.V. Chizhov) and the publications of other nature (“Sovremennik” of N.A. Nekrasov, “Russkii Vestnik” A.I. Koshelev) on a number of critical issues. The key themes that have been covered in the business pages of periodicals include the peasant question (the controversy on the community device, the elimination of forced labour, the creation of a market for wage labor), free trade or protectionist policies, the construction of Railways (foreign experience (Austria, England, France, Belgium, the United North American States), the imperfection of Russian Railways).

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):156-166
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THE EXPERIENCE OF LITERARY-DRAMATIC RADIO BROADCASTINGS IN THE CONTEXT OF CREATION OF MATERIALS FOR MODERN INFORMATION AND COLLOQUIAL RADIO STATIONS
Sheveleva E.A.
Abstract

The article analyzes the way of formation and development of the means of artistic expression of radio, examines the specifics of their impact on the listener. The last large-scale study of this topic was made by A.A. Sheryl. The results are reflected in the number of essays named “The Audio - culture of the XXth century”, which were published in 2004. The modern way of broadcasting differs from the one we had in 2000s. New trends, such as convergence, focus on social media sources, have radically changed the traditional genres and forms of the media industry sector. For the sake of efficiency less attention is paid to the proper, unique sounding of the radio and this, in turn, negatively affects the quality of the materials going on the air.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):167-176
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NEW JOURNALISM COMPETENCES IN THE CONDITIONS OF MEDIA CONVERGENCE: MYTHS AND REALITY
Baranova E.A.
Abstract

With the development of media convergence process researchers have begun to speak on the modernization of journalism education and the need for training of cross-media trained journalists . However,theorist’s judgments often disagree with the opinions ofJournalism practitioners. Author in 2009-2016 spoke to reporters, editors and top managers of Russian media companies on topics related to the development of convergence process in Russian mass media newsrooms and asked them what skills and competencies modern journalist should have, as well as what is the future of journalism education. In total 40 people from more than 40 Russian media companies were interviewed for these years. This article presents the views of 6 respondents from 6 media companies. Among them are such well-known persons as Pavel Gusev, chief editor and owner of the newspaper “Moskovsky Komsomolets”; Vladimir Taller, president of TVM Group, Academician of the Russian Academy of Radio (RAR).The author first makes an attempt to analyze the issue of journalistic competences in the conditions of media convergence, based on the views of practitioners from different media. We concluded that the common view of many theorists that convergence process is associated with the appearance of cross-media trained journalists and leads to numerous fundamentally new journalism competences does not find its confirmation in practice.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):177-188
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REVEWS
I.G. USTIYAN. L.N. TOLSTOY: SOCIO-ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONALISM IN THE NOVEL “ANNA KARENINA”
Valentinova O.I.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):189-193
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Seminar of young critics
Zhuchkova A.V.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(1):194-196
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