No 3 (2015)

Articles
Case Study of the Consciousness within Scientific Paradigms of Psychology, Philosophy and Linguistics
Kazachenko O.V.
Abstract
The article considers the topic of consciousness and the evolution of views in various branches of science. The author gives a definition of “consciousness” and is trying to find a common problem field of this concept in other disciplines. There is a review of Russian and foreign literature on the study of this issue. The article outlines research fields in which consciousness is being conducted. The article explores the main concepts associated with consciousness, such as language, consciousness, culture, worldview and society. It discusses the features of consciousness, its ideal and material nature, structure, components and its links to human activity. The article focuses on the problem of consciousness emerging and evolving through language.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):7-16
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Priorities of Systemic Linguistics
Lipatova T.V.
Abstract
Appeal to mechanisms of communication reveals an interaction in communicative act between pronounced and written units and their mental doubles reflected in psyche. The author maintains that “the inner form of a language as a whole” (W. von Humboldt) makes a nominative content and a predicative logic process in a sentence unique. The author proceeds from the methodology of scientific research within systemology as a strict distinction of nominative and communicative content aspects, correlation of directly unobserved domains of utterances with directly observed planes of language and non-language conscience and the most crucial thing - the inner form of language as a whole could be properly treated and investigated only within systemic linguistics and philosophical systemology.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):17-25
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The Philosophy of the Nature of Perception: Traditional and Contemporary Views
Kang Chzhunkho -.
Abstract
The article is devoted to study a philosophic nature of the problem of perception which remains on of the most interesting issues for philosophers, philosophical doctrines and schools. The author gives review of the main ideas in addition to the traditional and contemporary views.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):26-30
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Diptych as a Genre Modification of the Modern Drama (based on A. Zenzinov and V. Zabaluev’ play “Cherries have ripened in uncle Vanya’s garden”)
Shunikov V.L.
Abstract
The article considers diptych, a genre modification of the contemporary drama, which may be read as an integral work as well as two interrelated but independent works. Based on A. Zenzinov and B. Zabaluev’ play a scholar describes the structure of diptych which determines a reader’s reception. V. Shunikov specifies different interpretive strategies of drama. He also draws attention to the system of motives which ensures the unity of the play. The scholar believes that diptych demonstrates a relevant problem of correlation of fictive and authentic in the imaginative world in the contemporary literature. The analyzing phenomenon and methodological approach to the genre determine the scientific novelty of the research and its place among the works on the modern drama poetics.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):31-38
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“Live Word” in the Mental Lexicon Structure: Theoretical Issues and Methods to Solve Them
Arutyunyan V.G.
Abstract
A new cognitive science paradigm helps to illustrate the structure of a “live” word in the mental lexicon. This paradigm describes human mental space as a cognitome that is based upon a specific connectome organization. It is thus concluded that a “live” word is of a multimodal (in its neurophysiologic sense) hypernetwork nature.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):39-45
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Key Metaphoric Concepts of Internet Linguistics: Cyberspace, Virtual Reality, Virtual Community, Virtual Time, Virtual Language Individuality
Akhrenova N.A.
Abstract
In the article the author presents the results of the research of the concepts “cyberspace”, “virtual reality”, “virtual community”, “cybertime”, “virtual linguistic personality” taking into consideration the result of the previous linguistic research. The author concludes that due to the metaphorization of this concepts we witness the process of “domestication” or “taming” of such a complex and complicated technical phenomenon as the Internet. Thus making it clear, comprehensible and familiar to nearly all people all over the world, making their life easier on the one hand and more difficult on the other.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):46-55
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1943-1945 Linguocultural Situation Analysis (the Case of the Word “Wind”)
Karelova M.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to linguocultural situation of 1941-1945, which is the subject of a special research for the first time. The structure of linguocultural situation of this period treats “war” as a dominant linguocultural universal. This universal influences the built-in concepts in cultural and thematic field “Natural phenomena”, in particular. The article describes the features of the word “wind” verbalization in literary texts of 1943-1945. This lexical unit reflects a particular perception of natural phenomena in the linguocultural situation. The word “wind” and combinations with it form various linguocultural details in the structure of atypical concepts such as “victory”, “homeland”/”foreign land”, “death”/“life” and others.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):56-64
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Conceptual Metaphor in Sociological Terminology
Maikova T.A.
Abstract
The article deals with a metaphoric perspective in the study of sociological terminology. Metaphor has long been widely used in reasoning and writing within humanitarian discourse. When Sociology was singled out as a separate discipline, it inherited metaphor as a tool of scientific analysis, which made it an invaluable source of sociological terminology. The article reveals that source domains for metaphors in Sociology are found in anthropocentricity of cognition, activity-based and cultural concepts.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):65-72
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Visualization of Discourse Analysis and Its Representation in a Bilingual Communication
Semenov A.L., Ershov V.I.
Abstract
The solution to the problem of making a qualitative assessment of a translation is complicated by the lack of a quantitative assessment of the majority of the linguistic parameters. The abstractive representation of the arrangement of a verbal and textual activity seems to be a possible solution to this problem. This study provides the method of visual and spatial representation of a discourse in its evolution.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):73-79
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Definition of Translation and Its Objects for Training Foreigners in Russian
Bragina M.A., Bulgarova B.A., Popovich I.Y.
Abstract
Translation theory has adopted to differentiate two values of the term translation: process and productive. Process as the first translation value is defined most often as a special type of speech activity. In this article translation is defined as the interconnected usage of receptive and productive types of speech activity; this is carried out for the reproductive purposes of replacing the interpreted text with equivalent text in the other language at a duplication already made or still ongoing communicative activity. The text received, as a result of such replacement, is bearing the second value of the term translation. The main criterion of the successful translation is the equivalence of the two texts. Equivalence is reached at different levels: 1) level of language signs (words); 2) statement level; 3) level (structures) of the message; 4) level of the description of a situation; 5) communication purpose level.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):80-88
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Active Processes in the Senegalese Linguoculture and Wolof Language in Course of Globalization
Faje Fatu Diop -.
Abstract
The article deals with the analysis of linguistic units of the language Wolof, representing one of the foundations of the formation of linguocultural competence that promote intercultural communication on the basis of which the formation of a syncretic variant of the language. In the work identified factors of new, roughly developing Senegalese urban culture. Senegal is experiencing the same cultural impact, as the rest of the open world. First of all, is the point of convergence of elite and folk variants of a national language.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):89-94
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Uzbek Speech Etiquette: ‘You’ Expressing Politeness and Affection
Muminova A.A.
Abstract
The article investigates the problems of speech etiquette in the Uzbek language taking as an example addressing and motivation using personal pronouns in singular and plural (Sen - you; and Siz - you); specific features of their use in speech situations of communication between parents and children, spouses etc. are figured out and distinguished, these personal pronouns are demonstrated as used in the same etiquette expressions by speakers of various dialects of the Uzbek language.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):95-103
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Lexical Semantical Peculiarities of English Social-Political Discourse and Problems of Verbal Communication in the Sphere of International Cooperation of Modern Politicians and Specialists in Public Administration
Belyakova I.G.
Abstract
The paper considers lexical-semantic peculiarities of English social-political discourse. The author shows some difficulties arising in the sphere of international communication; special attention is given to the use of social-political lexicon by politicians and specialists in public administration. The issues of terminology studies and term systems in the sphere of English socio-political lexicon are studied.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):104-113
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Semantic Features of Terminology Formation (in Korean Medical Terminology)
Maksimenko O.I., Shuripa S.V.
Abstract
Within the framework of a scientific discourse terminology plays some special role in various sciences, techniques, art area etc., representing, as a matter of fact, a basic element of scientific meta language. In the European tradition terminologies of different spheres of human activity are investigated in detail because there exists both scientific base of terminology science and practical experience of the specialized terminological dictionaries compiling. In the Korean language, on the contrary, both scientific linguistic basis and treminographic practice are absent at all, or are at the initial stage of development. The article represents the first experience of the description of a fragment of medical terminology in the Korean language (a South-Korean variant) with the purpose of finding-out of structural and semantic features of the investigated terminology formation. The special attention is directed for such ways of formation of terminology, as semantic calque and metaphorical transfer.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):114-120
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Polysemy of the Term “Ecology”
Agranovskaya I.A.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the polysemy of the term “ecology”. The paper discusses various interpretations of the term, shows classifications of environmental science structure, and attempts to comprehend and summarize the diversity of meanings of the term “ecology”. The analysis was based on materials derived from monolingual etymological, linguistic and environmental dictionaries.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):121-130
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“Russian Language Evaluation Vocabulary Dictionary” as a Means to Interprete Axiological Lexicographic Semantics
Tikhonova M.A.
Abstract
The article introduces the concept of «Russian Language Evaluation Vocabulary Dictionary». This is a new lexicographical project, reflecting the achievements of modern linguistic aksiology. View-typological characteristics this dictionary, its structure, ways of presenting the words with the estimated component values are defined.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):131-140
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Ideoglossary as a Type of Author’s Vocabulary
Chulkina N.L., Kasymalieva K.E.
Abstract
The article treats a glossary of a specific type - author’s glossary, or ideoglossary. The authors introduce analysis of a notion of ideoglossa as the basic unit to describe such a vocabulary. The entry of “Dostoyevsky’s Ideoglossary” which is being elaborated by a team of Institute of Russian Language n.a. V.V. Vinogradov, RASc, headed by the RASc. correspondent-member, professor Yu.N. Karaulov serves as an example.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):141-145
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Methodological Aspects of Complex Analysis of Root System and Image and Sense Content of Words of Various Languages
Omelchenko V.V.
Abstract
The article deals with methodological aspects of a comprehensive comparative analysis of the root system and figurative meaning of words from various languages. In comparing words fundamental relations of identity were used: identities and differences, the various applications which are illustrated through different practical examples based on the use of words of Russian, Belarussian and Ukrainian languages and Sanskrit. On the basis of comparative analysis, it is concluded that the old Russian language and knowledge, which it keeps in its vocabulary and word-formation can be seen as some universal system of knowledge of ancient history. Moreover, it can be considered a kind of universal key to understanding the few miraculously surviving fragments of ancient Scriptures of the world. The proposed technique is based on applying a systematic approach which was used for the study and development of new interpretation of the many mysteries of the Rig Veda, the Avesta and the Book of Changes Vedic, Avestan and ancient Chinese cultures, which is reflected in scientific publications, including publishing group URSS (Editorial URSS), specializes in the production of educational and scientific literature.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):146-158
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Models of Compounds with Neoclassical Component
Krasina E.A., Ouroumidou V.
Abstract
Onomaseological analysis of neoclassical words is based on a complex of structural-and semantic derivational models. Within the concept of nominative activity language units are being treated as onomaseological units, which comprise meaningful categories and their constituents as well as expose special means to form nominative types of compound words.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):159-165
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Lexical Indicators of Time in the German and English Languages
Kuznetsova T.V., Nesova N.M.
Abstract
In the article lexical indicators or so-called “time markers” in category of tenses of English and German languages are considered. Except the comparative description of grammatical categories in two presented languages, in the article examples of practical use of “markers” in lexical and grammatical aspects are also given. The main considered indicators for the compared closely related languages appear: adverbs, nouns with prepositions, verbs and some adjectives.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):166-172
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Comparative Analysis of Interjections and Onomatopoeia in Russian and Persian Languages
Mehrabi Qaysar -.
Abstract
The paper analyzes the interjections and onomatopoeia as a special part of speech in Russian and Persian. Interjections may be a spontaneous bawl, an instinctive reaction to an external stimulus, which is peculiar not only for humans, but also animals. Interjections belong to a specific language and culture, require translation and special study. Interjection often serve not just as words, it often happens that one word means a sentence. Scientific studies have considered phonetic, structural, semantic and syntactic features of interjections and onomatopoeia, their classifications and their functional and communicative properties.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):173-182
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International Scientific Conference «XX Slavonic Proceedings». Daugavpils, Latvia, May, 14-15, 2015
Novospasskaya N.V.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):183-184
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Our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(3):185-187
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