Peculiarities of the Phraseological Content of Perm Old Believer Dialects

Cover Page

Cite item


The article devoted to the underinvestigated problem of folk religious speech is addressed to the peculiarities of set expressions and word-combinations, their thematic stratification, figurativeness and symbolism recorded in the verbal communication of Old Believers of Perm Krai. Phraseological nominations of different forms of Old Believer ritual practice (names of prayer modes, kinds of religious texts, holidays, naming of attributes of religious ritualism, ritual clothes, etiquette formulae of food and behavioural prohibitions) are investigated. The aim of the description of the Old Believer phraseology is discovering its connection with categories and attributes of old Belief, its modern state characteristics. It has been stated that the significant part of Old Belief phraseology is imparted by the existential semantics and reflects dominating of the religious basis in everyday life typical of Old Believer culture. With the help of phraseological facts there have been noted specific features of sacral (wedding and funeral) tradition of Old Believer consents. The conclusion is drawn that the phraseological layer in question in content and ways of expression differs from the set component nominations of folk Orthodoxy. It has fixed phraseological units that discover the main faith dogmata (God, sin, salvation) and formulate ideological convictions of its followers. Phraseological units of Old Believer dialects can be considered to be the means of identification of a confessional group, as a source of knowledge about the clergy experience of tradition bearers and about the peculiarities of way of life of Old Believers. It has been stated that the functioning of phraseological units is characterized by the variety that is mainly determined by the oral being of this form of culture, by the presence of different Old Believer dissents in Perm Krai. The modern state of folk Old Believer phraseology is explained by the fact that many consents don’t have any worked out dogmatics and a rigid canonical form, it indicates gradual abolishing of tradition.

About the authors

Ivan A. Podyukov

Perm Scientific Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.

Doctor of Philology, Professor, a senior researcher of the History, Archaeology and Ethnography Department

13A, Lenin str., Perm, Russian Federation, 191186


  1. Mechkovskaya, N.B. (1998). Language and Religion. Мoscow: Grand. (In Russ.).
  2. Bugaeva, I.V. (2010). The Language of the Orthodox Sphere: Modern State, Tendences of Development [dissertation]. Moscow. (In Russ.).
  3. Dubrovina, S.U. (2006). Orthodox Lexis in the Dialects of the Rusian Language. Tambov: DTSU Publ. (In Russ.).
  4. Mikhaylova, Y.N. (2004). Religious Orthodox Lexis and its Fate (according to the Data of Definition Dictionaries of the Russian Language) [dissertation]. Ekaterinburg. (In Russ.).
  5. Dobychina, O.A. (2017). Sacral Semantics of Linguistic Units in the Modern Socio-Cultural Context. Ekaterinburg: USPU Publ. (In Russ.).
  6. Dubrovina, S.U. (2012). Contents and System Adaptation of Orthodox Lexis in Russian Dialects (a Case Study of Tambov Dialects). Tambov. (In Russ.).
  7. Dubrovina, S.U. (2009). Organization of Orthodox Lexis Of the Russian Language according to its Functional-Stylistic Classification, Moscow University Philology Bulletin. Series 9, 1, 34—55. (In Russ.).
  8. Dracheva, I.N. & Kirilova, E.A. (2018). On the Problem of Studying the Language of Orthodoxy in a Modern Village, Dynamics of Language and Cultural Processes in Modern Russia. Ed. 6. Materials to the Vith Congress of ROPRYAL. Ufa. pp. 183—186. (In Russ.).
  9. Grigoryeva, L.L. (2008). Religious World Picture and its Reflection in Phraseology, Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 8 (15) Part 2, 45—48. (In Russ.).
  10. Materials for the Dictionary of Russian Old-Inhabitant Dialects of Baltics (1963), M.F. Semyonova (Ed.). Transactions. Vol. 51. Philological Sciences. Iss. 8A. Riga: University of Latvia, Publ. (In Russ.)
  11. Palikova, O.N. & Rovnova, O.G. (2008). Dictionary of Estonian Old-Believers Dialect. Tartu. (In Russ.).
  12. Yumsunova, T.B., Mayorov, A.P., Darbanova N.A. et al. (1999). Dictionary of the Dialects of Old Believers (Semeyskie) of Transbaikalia. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Siberian Department of RAS. (In Russ.).
  13. Ulyanova, E.A. (2006). The Number of Inhabitants and The Structure of Old Believer Families in Ekaterinburg uyezd (According to the Data from the Confessionary Lists of 1838), Document. Archives. History. Modern Age, Iss. 6. Ekaterinburg: URFU Publ. pp. 156—174. (In Russ.).
  14. Ivanova, N.V. (2014). Prohibitions and Regulations of Latgalia Old Believers. Scientific Dialogue, Philology, 4(28), 74—87. (In Russ.).
  15. Svalova, E.N. (2019). Everyday Prohibitions and Prescriptions in the Speech Culture of the Perm Old Believers, Perm University Herald. Russian and Foreign Philology, 11(3), 71—79. (In Russ.).
  16. Bezhan, E.M. (2007). Clasification of Old Believers Consents and Sects, their Development and Expansion in West Siberia in the First Half of the 19th Century. Herald of Omsk University. History and Archaeology, 3, 87—95. (In Russ.).
  17. Chernykh, A.V. (2019). Names of Old-Believer Confessions in the Popular Terminology of the Perm Region, Problems of Onomastics, 16(2), 85—110. (In Russ.).
  18. Kuprianova, I.V. (2013). Bespopovsky Old Believe Faiths of Altai at a Boundary of the XIX— XX Centuries. The world of science, culture and education, 6(43), 452—456. (In Russ.).
  19. Rygovskiy, D. S. (2018). “Pure”, “Profane” and “Filthy”: Old Believers’ Conceptualization of Ritual Purity. Slavic Culture and Jewish Culture: Dialogue, Similarities and Differences, Moscow: International Social Organization «SEFER Centre for University Teaching of Jewish Civilization». no 1. pp. 167—186. (In Russ.).
  20. Chernykh, A.V. (2008). «Holy Water» in Old Believer Traditions of Perm Prikamye, MAGISTRA VITAE: Online Magazine on History and Archaeology, 5 (106), 88—92. (In Russ.).
  21. On the Ways from Perm Land to Siberia: Essays on the Ethnography of the North Ural Peasantry of the XVII—XXth Centuries. (1989). Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.).
  22. Danilko, E.S. (2019). «Death is Nearer than a Shirt»: Funeral Ritualism of Old BelieversSchismatic, The New Research of Tuva, 1 [Electronic resourse]. URL: nit/article/view/829 (accessed: 20.01.20). (In Russ.).
  23. Toporov, V.N. (1980). On Numeric Models in the Archaic Texts. Text Structure. Moscow. pp. 3—58. (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2020 Podyukov I.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies