Variations in noun accentuation in the speech of modern youth

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It is known that oral speech is nowadays the most dynamic and variable segment of the language system. The incessant changes in accent norms and their dynamics largely determine the relevance of this study. The preference issues of both the choice of the accent pattern in a particular word and the use of certain lexical units in speech by the modern youth are also relevant. This article addresses the issues of accentuation in a number of nouns that have accentuation variants. The purpose of the work is to describe accentuation in the lexemes under consideration according to modern orthoepic dictionaries, correlate the obtained results with the data of previously published orthoepic dictionaries, and also reveal preferences in accentuation in these lexemes among Russian students of two technical universities in Ivanovo - Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology and Ivanovo State Polytechnic University. An attempt to establish appropriate correlations between normative and conventional implementations of accent models of the specified group of lexical units was made. Basing on the study, the authors conclude that there was no single variant of stress in the control group of lexemes. It was found that, despite the possible variation provided by lexicographic orthoepic sources, modern students prefer to use only one variant of word stress in oral speech. Thus, a significant divergence was revealed between normative and conventional realizations of accent patterns of nouns.

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Table 1

Dictionary fixation of accent variation in a number of nouns  (based on materials from three modern orthoepic lexicographic sources)

Kalenchuk et al.  Pronunciation Dictionary 2012

Gorbachevich  Pronunciation Dictionary 2010

Resnichenko  Word Stress Dictionary 2008

Tvórog – acceptable tvoróg

Tvórog i tvoróg

Tvórog i tvoróg

Dogovór – acceptable new dógovor

Dogovór – acceptable colloquival dógovor

Dogovór – acceptable dógovor

Myšlénie – acceptable mýšlenie

Myshléniye – obsolete mýšlenie

Myshléniye i mýshleniye

Pétlya i petlyá

Pétlya i petlyá

Pétlya i petlyá

Bárzha i barzhá

Bárzha i barzhá

Bárzha i barzhá

Rakýška – acceptable rákuška

Rakúshka – ustar. rákushka

Rakýshka i rákushka

Devítsa – folk use dévitsa

Devítsa – folk use dévitsa

Devítsa – folk use dévitsa

Molodéts (udalets) – mólodets (strong)

Molodéts – folk use mólodets (skillful, dexterous)

No example

Kómpas – marine slang kompás

Kómpas – obsolete kompás  (marine slang)

Kómpas – marine slang kompás

Kauchýka (Gen. c.) – chemistry slang kauchuká

Kauchýka (Gen. c.) – chemistry slang kauchuká

Kauchýka (Gen. c.) – chemistry slang kauchuká

Ammiáka – chemistry slang ammiaká

Ammiáka – acceptable ammiaká

No example

Ískra – welder slang iskrá

Ískra – welder slang iskrá

Ískra – welder slang iskrá

Industríâ – acceptable indústriâ

Industríâ i indústriâ


Kombaynor (! beyond use kombáyner)

Kombaynér – acceptable kombaynor

Kombáyner i kombaynor

Kámbala – acceptable kambalá

Kámbala – acceptable kambalá

Kámbala i kambalá


Kéta – acceptable ketá (marine slang)

Kéta i ketá

Losós' – wrong use lósos'

Losós' – obsolete lósos'

Losós' i lósos'


Kírza – acceptable Kirzá

Kírza i kirzá

Metallúrgiya i metallurgíya

Metallúrgiya i metallurgíya

Metallúrgiya i metallurgíya

Kulináriya – acceptable kulinaríya

Kulináriya i kulinaríya

Kulináriya i kulinaríya

No example

Dóchushka i dochýshka

Dóchushka i dochýshka

Olénikha (! beyond use oleníkha)

Olénikha i oleníkha

Olénikha i oleníkha

Teftéli – acceptable obsolete téfteli

Téfteli i teftéli

Téfteli i teftéli

Simmétriya i simmetríya

Simmétriya i simmetríya

Simmétriya i simmetríya


Table 2

Dictionary fixation of accent variation in a number of nouns  (based on materials of dictionaries prior the 2000s)

Ageyenko, Zarva Word Stress Dictionary 1984

Avanesov Orthoepic Dictionary 1987


Tvoróg acceptable tvórog


Dogovór acceptable dógovor


Myshléniye acceptable mýshleniye


Petlyá i pétlya


Barzhá i bárzha


Rakýshka acceptable rákushka

Devítsa (but folk use – dévitsa:  krásna dévitsa, dévitsa-krasávitsa)

Devítsa ‖ folk use dévitsa

Mólodets (folk use – udaléts) molodéts

Mólodets, udalets, khrabrets (folk use): dóbryy mólodets, molodéts, sil'nyy, krepkiy molodoy chelovek, udalets; approving, praising: Brávyy molodéts. Oná takóy molodéts!

Kómpas (marine slang kompás)

Kómpas ‖ marine slang kompás


Kauchýka ‖ chemistry slang kauchuká


Ammiáka ‖ chemistry slang ammiaká

Ískra (welder slang iskrá)

Ískra ‖ welder slang iskrá


Industríya obsolete indústriya


Kombáinyer i kombaynor


Kámbala acceptable kambalá


Kéta acceptable ketá


Lósos' i losós'


Kírza acceptable kirzá


Metallúrgiya i metallurgíya


Kulináriya acceptable kulinaríya


Dóchushka i dochýshka

No example

Olénikha i oleníkha


Téfteli i teftéli


Simmétriya i simmetríya



About the authors

Yulija N. Zdorikova

Ivanovo State University of Chemical Technology

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6124-8251

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Russian Language Department

7 Sheremetevskii Prospekt, Ivanovo, 153000, Russia

Alexey A. Abyzov

Ivanovo State Polytechnic University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0691-8184

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages

21 Sheremetevskii Prospekt, Ivanovo, 153000, Russia

Elena N. Makarova

Ural State Economic University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4439-5521

Doctor of Philology, Associate Professor, Head of Foreign Business Language Department

62/45 8 Marta/Narodnaya Volya St, Yekaterinburg, 620144, Russia


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Copyright (c) 2022 Zdorikova Y.N., Abyzov A.A., Makarova E.N.

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