The key concept as a structuring base of Russian and Belarusian linguistic worldview

Cover Page

Cite item


This article presents the comparative analysis of the key concepts in linguistic world views of the Belarusians and Russians. The key concepts Motherland, language, freedom are considered. To reconstruct the key concepts the author took classical Russian and Belarusian artistic texts. The work is relevant due to the novelty of the presented language material and the insufficiency of the comparative analysis of the key concepts in various linguistic cultures. The linguistic world views of closely related nations are of particular interest in this regard. The identified universal and nationally specific components in the structures of key concepts led to the conclusion that the mentalities of the Russians and Belarusians are not the same. We are planning to continue a comparative study of key concepts (family, nation, man, etc.) in order to identify similar and different features not only of particular concepts, but also of the national concept spheres of the Russians and Belarusians. The author used general linguistic methods (descriptive, comparative) and methods of cultural and cognitive linguistics (linguocultural and semantic-cognitive methods of text studies). This article is a prepared under the supervision of Doctor of Philology, Professor V.A. Maslova.

About the authors

Yekaterina S Pivovar

Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine

Author for correspondence.

PhD, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Foreign Languages of Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine (Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus). Research interests: text linguistics, cultural linguistics, cognitive linguistics. The author of more than 50 scientific papers including the monograph “Belarusian mentality in the linguistic space of an artistic text”.

7/11 Dovatora St., Vitebsk, 210026, Republic of Belarus


  1. Arutyunova, N.D. (1999). Yazyk i mir cheloveka [Language and the world of man]. Moscow: Yazyki russkoj kul’tury Publ. (In Russ.)
  2. Bartmin’skii, E. (2005). Yazykovoi obraz mira: ocherki po etnolingvistike [Linguistic image of the world: essays on ethnolinguistics]. Moscow: Indrik Publ. (In Russ.)
  3. Berdyaev, N. (2004). Sud’ba Rossii [The fate of Russia]. Moscow: Russkii put’ Publ. (In Russ.)
  4. Gimaev, Ya.A. (2010). Aktualizatsiya kontsepta RODINA v shkol’nykh uchebnikakh po literature i v massovom soznanii uchashchikhsya [Actualization of the concept HOMELAND in school textbooks on literature and in mass consciousness of students] (Author’s abstr. diss. Cand. Filol. Nauk). Moscow. (In Russ.)
  5. Esmurzaeva, Zh.B. (2010). Koncept Rodina v pedagogicheskom diskurse na rubezhe XX-XXI vv. [The concept Homeland in pedagogical discourse at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries] (Doctoral dissertation). Omsk. (In Russ.)
  6. Karaseva, Yu.A. (2012). Khudozhestvennyi tekst kak istochnik natsional’no-kul’turnoi informatsii i vyrazitel’ natsional’noi mental’nosti (na materiale proizvedenii khudozhestvennoi literatury stran Andskoi kul’turno-istoricheskoi zony) [Artistic text as a source of national and cultural information and expression of the national mentality (based on literature works of the Andean cultural and historical zone)] (Author’s abstr. diss. Cand. Filol. Nauk). Moscow. (In Russ.)
  7. Karasik V. (2007). Yazykovye klyuchi [Language keys]. Volgograd: Paradigma Publ. (In Russ.)
  8. Kataeva, N.M. (2005). Volya [Freedom]. Antologiya konceptov [Anthology of concepts]. Volgograd: Paradigma Publ. (In Russ.)
  9. Korol’kova, A.V., Lomov, A.G., & Tikhonov, A.N. (2004). Slovar’ aforizmov russkikh pisatelei [Dictionary of aphorisms of Russian writers]. Moscow: Rus. yaz. - Media Publ. (In Russ.)
  10. Maslova, V.A. (2001). Lingvokul’turologiya: uchebnoe posobie [Cultural linguistics: manual]. Moscow: Academia Publ. (In Russ.)
  11. Maslova, V.A. (2004). Poet i kultura: konceptosfera Mariny Tsvetaevoi [Poet and culture: the concept sphere of Marina Tsvetaeva]. Moscow: Flinta Publ. (In Russ.)
  12. Maslova, V.A. (2011). Natsional’nyi kharakter skvoz’ prizmu yazyka [National character through the prism of language]. Vitebsk: Viteb. gos. un-t Publ. (In Russ.)
  13. Milovanova, G.N. (2006). Rodnoi yazyk [Native language]. Antologiya kontseptov [Anthology of concepts]. Volgograd: Paradigma Publ. (In Russ.)
  14. Pimenova, M.V. (2011). Yazykovaya kartina mira: uchebnoe posobie [Language world view: manual]. Kemerovo: Kemerovo State University Publ. (In Russ.)
  15. Polinichenko, D.Yu. (2005). Yazyk [Language]. Antologiya konceptov [Anthology of concepts]. Volgograd: Paradigma Publ. (In Russ.)
  16. Tavdgiridze, L.A. (2006). Russkii yazyk [Russian language]. Antologiya kontseptov [Anthology of concepts]. Volgograd: Paradigma Publ. (In Russ.)
  17. Teliya, V.N. (1997). Naimenovanie RODINA kak chast’ socialnogo koncepta “Patria” v russkom yazyke [Name HOMELAND as a part of the social concept “Patria” in Russian]. Yazykovaya kategorizaciya: materialy kruglogo stola, posvyashchennye yubileyu E.S. Kubryakovoi [Language categorization: materials of the roundtable dedicated to the anniversary of E.S. Kubryakova]. Moscow: Nauka Publ. (In Russ.)
  18. Solokhina, A.S. (2003). Otnoshenie k svobode v russkoi paremiologii [Attitude to freedom in Russian paremiology]. Problemy sovremennoj lingvistiki [Problems of modern linguistics]. Volgograd: Kolledzh Publ. (In Russ.)
  19. Stepanov, Yu.S. (1997). Konstanty. Slovar’ russkoi kultury. Opyt issledovaniya [Constants. Dictionary of Russian culture. Research experience]. Moscow: Yazyki russkoi kultury Publ. (In Russ.)
  20. Vezhbitskaya, A. (1997). Yazyk. Kul’tura. Poznanie [Language. Culture. Cognition]. Moscow: Russkоe slovo Publ. (In Russ.)
  21. Vezhbitskaya, A. (2001). Ponimanie kul’tur cherez posredstvo klyuchevyh slov [Understanding cultures through keywords]. Moscow: Yazyki slavyanskoi kultury Publ. (In Russ.)
  22. Vorkachev, S.G. (2013). Singularia tantum: ideologema “narod” v russkoi lingvokulture [Singularia tantum: ideologeme “people” in Russian cultural linguistics]. Volgograd: Paradigma Publ. (In Russ.)
  23. Myachkouskaya, N.B. (2008). Movy i kultura Belarusi: narysy [Languages and cultures of Belarus: essays]. Minsk: Prava i ekanomika Publ. (In Belarus.)
  24. Pivavar, K.S. (2015). Belaruskaya mentalnasc u mounai prastory mastackaga tekstu [Belarusian mentality in the language space of an artistic text]. Vicebsk: Viceb. dzyarzh. un-t Publ. (In Belarus.)

Copyright (c) 2019 Pivovar Y.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies