The field of legal translation: Organizational structures and forms of capital
- Authors: Maslovskaya E.V.1
- Sociological Institute of FCTAS RAS
- Issue: Vol 22, No 3 (2022)
- Pages: 590-604
- Section: Contemporary society: the urgent issues and prospects for development
- URL: https://journals.rudn.ru/sociology/article/view/32041
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.22363/2313-2272-2022-22-3-590-604
The author conducts the analysis of the field of legal translation in contemporary Russia and focuses on translation agencies specializing in the languages of the peoples of the postSoviet states. The theoretical framework of the research is the sociological approach to the study of legal interpreters and Bourdieu’s theory including his analysis of the juridical field. Today some concepts of Bourdieu’s sociology can be found in the studies of the activities of legal interpreters, but his theory is still insufficiently applied. The main empirical method of the research is semistructured interviews with legal interpreters, heads of translation agencies, investigators and lawyers. The relational and dynamic perspective of Bourdieu’s theory allowed the author to analyze the formation and transformation of the boundaries of the professional group of legal interpreters as a result of competition between actors with different forms of capital. The article reveals the role of ethnic capital in the functioning of translation agencies. The author makes a conclusion that the recruitment of legal interpreters largely depends on the requirements of institutional actors of the juridical field; identifies factors affecting the working conditions of court interpreters - the rarity of their language, ability to establish reciprocal relationships with the head of a translation agency, and permanent working relationships with the law enforcement bodies personnel. The article proves the advantages of Bourdieu’s approach in the study of the translation agencies structure, and shows how the changes in interpreters’ habitus and formal position influence the development dynamics of translation agencies and the field of legal translation as a whole. The research results allow to make a conclusion that actors of the juridical field exert a decisive influence on positional struggle within the field of legal translation.
About the authors
E. V. MaslovskayaSociological Institute of FCTAS RAS
Author for correspondence.
доктор социологических наук, ведущий научный сотрудник сектора истории российской социологии, руководитель Центра социолого-правовых исследований7th Krasnoarmeyskaya St., 25/14, Saint Petersburg, 190005, Russia
- Bourdieu P. Praktichesky smysl [Practical Sense]. Saint Petersburg; 2001. (In Russ.).
- Bourdieu P. Sotsialnoe prostranstvo: polya i praktiki [Social Space: Fields and Practices]. Saint Petersburg; 2005. (In Russ.)
- Bourdieu P. Sotsiologiya politiki [Sociology of Politics]. Moscow; 1993. (In Russ.).
- Maslovskaya E.V. Sudebnye perevodchiki v rassledovanii ugolovnykh del: tipy professionalnogo povedeniya i sotsialnye praktiki [Legal interpreters in the investigation of criminal cases: Types of professional behavior and social practices]. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2021; 2. (In Russ.).
- Project of Regulation of the Institution of Legal Translation in Russia (In Russ.) // URL: https://www.alba-translating. ru/ru/ru/articles/court-interpreting-and-translation.html.
- Ahmad M. Interpreting communities: Lawyering across language difference. UCLA Law Review. 2007; 54.
- Bassnett S. The Translation turn in cultural studies. Bassnett S., Lefevere A. (Eds.). Constructing Cultures: Essays on Literary Translation. Clevedon; 1998.
- Berk-Seligson S. The Bilingual Courtroom: Court Interpreters in the Judicial Process. Chicago; 1990.
- Bourdieu P. The Social Structures of the Economy. Cambridge; 2005.
- Colley H., Guery F. Understanding new hybrid professions: Bourdieu, illusio and the case of public service interpreters. Cambridge Journal of Education. 2015; 45 (1).
- Davis G. Firms and environments. Smelser N., Swedberg R. (Eds.). Handbook of Economic Sociology. Princeton; 2005.
- Dezalay Y., Madsen M. The force of law and lawyers: Pierre Bourdieu and reflexive sociology of law. Annual Review of Law and Social Science. 2012; 8.
- Gibb R., Good A. Interpretation, translation and intercultural communication in refugee status determination procedures in the UK and France. Language and Intercultural Communication. 2014; 14 (3).
- Hale S. Controversies over the role of the court interpreter. Valero-Garcés C., Martin A. (Eds.). Crossing Borders in Community Interpreting: Definitions and Dilemmas. Amsterdam; 2008.
- Inghilleri M. Habitus, field and discourse: Interpreting as a socially situated activity. Target. 2003; 15 (2).
- Kim J. Migration-facilitating capital: A Bourdieusian theory of international migration. Sociological Theory. 2018; 36 (3).
- Kim J. Ethnic capital, migration and citizenship: A Bourdieusian perspective. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 2019; 42 (3).
- Lee J. Conflicting views on court interpreting examined through surveys of legal professionals and court interpreters. Interpreting. 2009; 11 (1).
- Liu X., Hale S. Achieving accuracy in a bilingual courtroom: The effectiveness of specialized legal interpreter training. Interpreter and Translator Trainer. 2018; 12 (3).
- Merlini, R., Favaron R. Community interpreting: Reconciliation through power management. Interpreters’ Newsletter. 2003; 12.
- Morris R. Images of the court interpreter: Professional identity, role definition and self-image. Translation and Interpreting Studies. 2010; 5 (1).
- Noordegraaf M. From “pure” to “hybrid” professionalism: Present-day professionalism in ambiguous public domains. Administration and Society. 2007; 39 (6).
- Norström E., Fioretos I., Gustafsson K. Working conditions of community interpreters in Sweden: Opportunities and shortcomings. Interpreting. 2012; 14 (2).
- Pöchhacker F. Interpreting as mediation. Valero-Garcés C., Martin A. (Eds.). Crossing Borders in Community Interpreting: Definitions and Dilemmas. Amsterdam; 2008.
- Portes A., Sensenbrenner J. Embeddedness and immigration: Notes on the social determinants of economic action. American Journal of Sociology. 1993; 98 (6).
- Tatli A., Özbilgin M., Karatas-Özkan M. (Eds.). Pierre Bourdieu, Organization and Management. New York; 2015.
- Wadensjö C. Interpreting as Interaction. New York; 1998.
- Wolf M. The sociology of translation and its “activist turn”. Translation and Interpreting Studies. 2012; 7 (2).
- Zhou M., Mingang L. Community transformation and the formation of ethnic capital: Immigrant Chinese communities in the United States. Journal of Chinese Overseas. 2005; 1 (2).