Ethnogender Picture of the World of the Balkars: Based on the Novels by M. Shavaeva “Murat” and “Northern lights”

Cover Page

Cite item

Abstract

The article is based on the author’s hypothesis that the devalued “new time” Soviet novels of socialist realism actually contain valuable ethno-gender material. This position is theoretically substantiated and experimentally proved by the author as a result of the analysis of two historical and revolutionary novels “Murat” and “Northern Lights” by the Balkarian writer Minaldan Shavaeva. The main character Asiyat portrays the North Caucasian type of an emancipated woman who challenges patriarchal foundations and preaches the principle of “freedom of the heart”. Much attention is paid to related issues related to ethnocultural codes “kadar” (fate) “taukel” (soul is like a mountain), “cousin”, “leading woman”, “driven man”, “maiden braid”. In the context of gender transformation processes in the North Caucasus, the culture-forming role of the Russian language is also considered.

About the authors

Zuleikha Abdulkerimovna Uzdenova

Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after Kh.M. Berbekov

Author for correspondence.
Email: uz.sofa94@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1800-0474

Postgraduate Student of the Department of Russian and Foreign Literature

173, Str. Chernyshevskyi, Nalchik, 360004, Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Russian Federation

References

  1. Gachev, G.D. 1989. Neminuemoe. Uskorennoe razvitie literatury. Moscow: Khudozh. lit. publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  2. Kharaeva, L.F., Kuchukova, Z.A. 2018. Gender i etnogender (na materiale kabardinskoy zhenskoy prozy). Nal’chik: Print Tsentr Publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  3. Tkhagapsoev, Kh.G. 2021. “Uvidet’ kul’turu iz ee potaynykh ugolkov — vo imya kul’tury (retsenziya na monografiyu L.F. Kharaevoy i Z.A. Kuchukovoy ‘Gender i etnogender’”. In Doklady Adygskoy (Cherkesskoy) Mezhdunarodnoy akademii nauk. Vol. 21. No 3. Pp. 91—98. Print. (In Russ.).
  4. Pushkareva, N.L. 2007. Gendernaya teoriya i istoricheskoe znanie. SPb.: Aleteyya; ANO ‘Zhenskiy proekt SPb’ publ. Print. (In Russ.).
  5. Zhukova, I.N. 2013. Slovar’ terminov mezhkul’turnoy kommunikatsii. Moscow: FLINTA: Nauka publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  6. Shavaeva, M.Ch. 1964. Murat. Roman. Nal’chik: Kab.-Balk. kn. izd-vo publ. Print. (In Balkar).
  7. Shavaeva, M.Ch. 1988. Teyri zharyg»y (Severnoe siyanie). Roman. Nal’chik: El’brus publ. Print. (In Balkar).
  8. Sarbasheva, A.M. 2003. Shavaeva Minaldan Cheruevna. In Pisateli Kabardino-Balkarii (KhIKh — konets 80-kh gg. KhKh v.). Biobibliograficheskiy slovar’. Nal’chik: Izdatel’skiy tsentr ‘El’-Fa’ publ, Print. (In Russ.)
  9. Sarbasheva, A.M. 2010. Minaldan Shavaeva. In Ocherki istorii balkarskoy literatury. Nal’chik: GP KBR ‘Respublikanskiy poligrafkombinat im. Revolyutsii 1905 g.’ publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  10. Literaturnaya entsiklopediya terminov i ponyatiy. 2003. Moscow: NPK ‘Intelvak’ publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  11. Otarova, R.K. 2005. “Balkarskaya literature”. In Literatury narodov Rossii: XX vek: slovar’. In-t mirovoy lit. im. A.M. Gor’kogo. Moscow: Nauka publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  12. Kuchukova, Z.A. 2015. Karachaevo-balkarskaya vertikal’. Nal’chik: El’brus publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  13. Tresidder, Dzh. 1999. Slovar’ simvolov. Moscow: FAIR-PRESS publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  14. Dzhurtubaev, M.Ch. 1991. Drevnie verovaniya balkartsev i karachaevtsev: Kratkiy ocherk. Nal’chik: El’brus publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  15. Mankieva, E.Kh. 2017. Zhenshchiny Severnogo Kavkaza v izobrazhenii russkikh pisateley KhIKh veka. Moscow: Academia publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  16. Chkheidze, K.A. 2004. Strana Prometeya. Nal’chik: Poligrafservis i T publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  17. Pushkin, A.S. 2019. Evgeniy Onegin. Moscow: Eksmo publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  18. Tekueva, M.A. 2006. Muzhchina i zhenshchina v adygskoy kul’ture: traditsii i sovremennost’. Nal’chik: ‘El’-fa’ publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  19. Gachev, G.D. 1994. Russkiy Eros. Moscow: Interprint publ. Print. (In Russ.).
  20. Valikova, O.A., Demchenko, A.S. 2020. “Translingval’nyy khudozhestvennyy tekst: problemy vospriyatiya”. Polilingvial’nost’ i transkul’turnye praktiki 17 (3): 352—362. doi: 10.22363/2618897Kh-2020-17-3-352-362
  21. Tkhagapsoev, Kh.G. 2012. “Dialog russkoy i kavkazskikh kul’tur kak mekhanizm kul’turogeneza”. In Polikul’turnoe prostranstvo Rossiyskoy Federatsii v semi knigakh. Kniga II. Sankt-Peterburg: ID «Petropolis» publ. Print. (In Russ.)
  22. Kuchukova, Z.A. 2013. “Obraz russkogo cheloveka v balkarskoy literature”. Nauchnaya mysl’ Kavkaza 4: 105—109. Print. (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2022 Uzdenova Z.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies