Cover Page

Cite item


This theoretical and experimental research paper focuses on the effect of both perception and memory images on word meaning of the image-verbalizing lexical unit. The research is aimed at solving the problem of speech act processing.Using such notions as perception, memory and representation images pave the way for better understanding of the non-verbal basis of thinking during analysis of thought verbalization, thus, setting the problem of dependence of understanding the same lexical unit that exteriorizes different mental images.To prove the hypothesis that there is a link between understanding and mental images verbalized by the same lexical unit, the authors conducted an experiment. Such a verification can be performed only using psychosemantic methods. Psychosemantic methods provide the researcher with the material for analysis of everyday consciousness, thus shedding light on the in-depth evaluation criteria of the objects in question.The basis for effective use of experimental psychosemantic methods was laid by a simple mathematical model of an individual consciousness called semantic space.The overall conclusion of this research is the following: understanding of a lexical unit depends on the mental image standing behind this lexical unit in context.

About the authors

E F Tarasov

The Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.

Tarasov Evgeniy Fyodorovich is a Doctor in Philology, Professor, Head of the Department of Psycholinguistics, The Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

1/1 B. Kislovskiy per., Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation

A A Nistratov

Moscow State University n.a. M.V. Lomonosov


Nistratov Alexandr Alexeevich is a Researcher in Moscow State University n.a. M.V. Lomonosov.

9/11 Mohovaja st., Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation

M O Matveev

The Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences


Matveev Mikhail Olegovich is a PhD Student in The Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

1/1 B. Kislovskiy per., Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation


  1. Polyakov S.E. Fenomenologiya psikhicheskikh reprezentatsii [Phenomenology of Psycho Representations]. SPb.: Piter, 2011. 688 s.
  2. Noveishii bol’shoi tolkovyi slovar’ russkogo yazyka [The New Russian Dictionary]. Gl. red. S.A. Kuznetsova. SPb.: Norint; M.: RIPOL klassik, 2008. 1536 s.
  3. Husserl E. Logicheskie issledovaniya [Logical Issues]. Kartezianskie razmyshleniya. Krizis evropeiskikh nauk i transtsendental’naya fenomenologiya. Krizis evropeiskogo chelovechestva i filosofiya. Filosofiya kak strogaya nauka. Minsk: Kharvest; M.: AST, 2000. 782 s.
  4. Anderson Dzh.R. Kognitivnaya psikhologiya [Cognitive Psychologies]. 5-e izd. SPb.: Piter, 2002. 496 s.
  5. Osgood Ch. Studies on generality of affective meaning system. Amer. Psychol. 1962. Vol. 17. Pp. 10— 28.

Copyright (c) 2017 Tarasov E.F., Nistratov A.A., Matveev M.O.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies