Special aspects of enrolment onto the training according to the educational programs of higher education in the sphere of the information technologies


Problem and goal . Highly-qualified employees of IT section play an important role in the development of a state. Namely they make basic contribution to the innovative development of IT area, communication and telecommunication industries. By the experts’ projections, by the year 2027, the deficit of IT specialists in Russia will make two million people. In accordance with the Federal Program “Digital Economics of the Russian Federation” the educational system is supposed to provide the country by competent manpower. For these reasons some professions related to the IT field were specified and some changes in the admission quotas for universities were introduced. The research is aimed at the search of peculiarities, revealing of factors explaining small number of enrollees and great difference in the level of educational background for admission to studies on educational programs of higher education in the sphere of IT technologies. Methodology. Issues of the development of the information-oriented society and evaluation of the commitment of different regions of the country as well as theoretical aspects of availability of IT specialists have been scrutinized. The study is based on the detailed analysis of the statistical data on admittance of students into IT departments of universities and the number of university graduates trained as IT specialists in Russia. The data analysis has been run and some conclusions have been drawn. Results. The study revealed that the number of enrollees to the IT specialties hardly surpasses the number of state-funded openings. Some basic facts have been highlighted which testify that the list of enrollment tests whilst entering the same specialties in universities are different. Enrollees with different educational background are admitted onto IT-specialties. The research results let find reasons for scatter and varied total score. Conclusion. The obtained results testify that the problem of IT-specialists’ training is the issue of the day. Suggested range of factors can be considered as one of the reasons preventing from choosing the IT-specialties by school leavers.

About the authors

Elena V. Komelina

Federal Assessment Center

Author for correspondence.
Email: elena-komelina@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2121-8685

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Assistant Manager of Information Analysis Team

19 Presnenskii Val St, bldg 1, Moscow, 123557, Russia


  1. Faria HJ, Montesinos-Yufa HM, Moralesd DR, Navarro CE. Unbundling the roles of human capital and institutions in economic development. European Journal of Political Economy. 2016;(45):108–128.
  2. Znak N, Sedova N. Approaches to the development of key competences of the 21st century in the National Research University Higher School of Economics. Society. Integration. Education. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. 2018;I:656–666.
  3. Holford WD. The future of human creative knowledge work within the digital economy. Futures. 2019;(105):143–154.
  4. Vuorikari R, Punie Y, Carretero Gomez S, Van den Brande G. DigComp 2.0: the digital competence framework for citizens. Update phase 1: the conceptual reference model. Luxembourg Publication Office of the European Union, 2016.
  5. Zimnyakova TS. Analysis of conditions conductive to the formation of IT-clusters in the regions of the Russian Federation. Fundamental Researches. 2021;(3):56–60. (In Russ.) Available from: https://fundamental-research.ru/ru/article/view?id=42980 (accessed: 04.02.2022).
  6. Alyabina EV. Revealing of demand in digital competences in Russian companies. In: Kravchenko NA, Goryushkina AA. (eds.) Economics of Siberia under Global Challenges of the 21st Century. Novosibirsk: The Institute of Economics and Arranging of Industrial Production SB RAS; 2018. p. 10–18. (In Russ.)
  7. Ershova TV, Ziva SV. Key competences for digital economics. Information-Oriented Society. 2018;(3):4–20. (In Russ.)
  8. Konstantinova DS, Kudayeva MM. Digital competences as basis for transformation professional training. Labour Economics. 2020;7(11):1055–1072. (In Russ.)
  9. Sharipova OM. Model of competences for personnel in the age of digitalization and Industry 4.0. Creative Economics. 2019;13(12):2411–2420. (In Russ.)
  10. Volgina SV. As regards changes of the contents and quality of higher education in the era of digital economics from the position of competency-based approach. Science and Education Development Tendencies. 2019;50(7):12–15. (In Russ.)
  11. Safuanov RM, Lekhmus MU, Kolganov EA. Digitalization of educational system. Herald of USPTU. Science, Education, Economics. Series Economics. 2019;(2):116–121. (In Russ.)
  12. Klimova U.O. Personnel training issues in the sphere of IT technologies. Territory Development Issues. 2020;(6):86–105. (In Russ.)
  13. Lebedeva TN, Nosova LS. Problems and perspectives of IT-specialists’ training in Russia. Management in Modern System. 2016;(4):9–13. (In Russ.)
  14. Kolmakova AA. Modern tendencies of changing of the number of university enrollees: marketing aspects. Mainstreams in Aviation and Space. 2016;(2):357–359. (In Russ.)
  15. Shamuratova II. Problems of bachelor training in the sphere of IT education and the ways of their solution. Education and Personal Development. 2018;(3):33–35. (In Russ.)
  16. Vasilyeva EV. Personnel rehabilitation in IT sphere. Scenario analysis. The World of New Economics. 2016;(4):127–134. (In Russ.)

Copyright (c) 2022 Komelina E.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies