On the Social Nature of Monotheistic and Ethnic Religions

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Abstract


The article presents criticism of a widely spread assertion of the progressive nature of the world's monotheistic religions. The author identifies the differences in understanding the social nature of religions in different cultures: religion as private faith; religion as the duty of respect towards the community, its Gods and ancestors; religion as the path of cognition. Ethnic religions are considered, primarily, as social ones; while metaphysical religions are viewed as religions of the elites.


A E Kapishin

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: poliarnik@yandex.ru

Кафедра социологии; Российский университет дружбы народов; Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

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