Ethnocultural Identity of Migrants from the Eastern Regions of the former USSR in the Light of “Clash of Cultures” Theory

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Abstract


The article presents some results of the project, the purpose of which was to study the processes of definition and (re)construction of ethnic identity and its relationship with the language and culture of Asian migrants from the former USSR. The results are analyzed in terms of differences in cultures and values as the most important part of culture. This once again tests the universality of the theories of “clash of civilizations” and “clash of cultures” by S. Huntington and R. Lewis. The author comes to the conclusion that, first, cultural identity, unlike ethnic identity, is subject to transformation and at the same time it is stable. Secondly, the difference of cultures (“Eastern” and “Western”) exists and is perceived at the level of cultural values and norms, but it is not of a conflict, antagonistic nature. The conclusion explains the reasons for this in the light of the above-mentioned theories.


About the authors

Erzhen V. Khilkhanova

Institute of Linguistics of RAS

Author for correspondence.
Email: erzhen.khilkhanova@iling-ran.ru
1/1, building 28, B. Kislovsky, Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation

Doctor of Sociology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Research Center for National-Language Relations of the Institute of Linguistics

Dorzhi L. Khilkhanov

East Siberian State Institute of Culture

Email: dorjikh@mail.ru
1, Ul. Tereshkovoi, Ulan-Ude, Republic of Buryatia, 670031, Russian Federation

Dr. of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor

References

  1. Huntington, S. 2003. Clash of Civilizations. Moscow, «AST» Press. 603 p. Print. (In Russ.)
  2. Lewis, R. 2014. When Cultures Collide: Leading Across Cultures. Moscow. 640 p. Print. (In Russ.)
  3. Ivanova, Т.V. 2015. “Ierarkhiya traditsionnykh tsennostei nomadov kak fundament kochevoi kultury”. Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filosofiya. Sotsiologiya. Politologiya. Kul’turologiya. 6: 125—128. Print. (In Russ.)
  4. Khilkhanova, E.V. 2017. “Strategii representatsii etnichnosti v migratsionnom kontexte: na primere buryat-migrantov v Zapadnoi Evrope”. Mir Tsentral’noi Azii — 4: sb. nauch. st. / nauch. red. B.V. Bazarov [The World of Central Asia — 4: Proceedings of the International scientific conference. Ed. by B. Bazarov]. Irkutsk: Ottisk. Pp. 44—47. Print. (In Russ.)
  5. Nanzatov, B.Z. 2017. “Buryatskiye and kalmytskiye diaspory v stranakh Evrosoyuza: osobennosti formirovaniya i zhiznedeyatel’nosti diaspor” in Transgranichnye migratsii v prostranstve mongoloskogo mira: istoriya i sovremennost’. Vyp. 4: sb. nauch. Statei. Ulan-Ude, BSC SB RAS Press. 178 p. Pp. 88—100. Print. (In Russ.)

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Copyright (c) 2020 Khilkhanova E.V., Khilkhanov D.L.

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