Genre Varieties of Modern Kazakh Russian Story

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The purpose of this article is to identify and describe the two main genre varieties of the modern Russian Kazakh story. In the course of the study, the following methods were used: theoretical, historical-literary, system-typological approach, poetic-structural analysis of the work. In Russian Kazakh literature, realism and postmodernism are developing in parallel. The story of Nikolai Verevochkin “Singing in the transitions” is a realistic work. Its artistic world contains an image of a system of literary heroes based on determinism, the conditionality of the formation and development of a person’s character by various factors. Determinism contains the strong connection of the structural elements of the story. Verevochkin gradually reveals the characters of the heroes in various situations. The problematics of the story also has a traditional character for the literature of realism. The author demonstrates commitment to humanism, which is the ideological basis of realism. The article also analyzes the work of postmodernism - the story of Asel Omar “Alphabet”. The definition of “story-lexicon”, introduced by the author of the article, reflects the genre and generic features of this work. The story-lexicon Asel Omar consists of micro-novellas, which at the same time are dictionary entries. The peculiarity of these articles is that they are based on a certain storyline. The micronovelas are arranged in alphabetical order, which gave the author of this article reason to call them dictionary entries. Asel Omar’s lexicon story, in contrast to Nikolai Verevochkin’s story, is written in a freer plot form. The application of the essay principle allowed the author to create a reasoning story. The main thing for Assel Omar is to express her thoughts on various topics. The work of Nikolai Verevochkin is a narrative story. Thus, in modern Russian Kazakh prose, two main types of story are presented - realistic and postmodern story. Due to historical and cultural reasons, the realistic story prevails. The work of Asel Omar “Alphabet” is a unique example of a postmodern story-lexicon in modern Kazakh literature.

About the authors

Aigul A. Bayanbayeva

Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6120-2111

Senior Lecturer of the Department of Russian Philology and World Languages

79, Al-Farabi Avenue, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 050040

Alena S. Demchenko

Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0635-9247

PhD, Acting Associate Professor of the Department of Russian Philology and World Languages

79, Al-Farabi Avenue, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 050040

Viktor V. Barabash

RUDN University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8909-2145

D.Sc. (Philology), Dean of the Faculty of Philology, Head of Department of Mass Communications, Faculty of Philology

6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198


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Copyright (c) 2023 Bayanbayeva A.A., Demchenko A.S., Barabash V.V.

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