The Russian Schisch and the Russian Revolution: Semiotic Models of Language and Text Ideologization

Cover Page

Cite item


The relevance of the article lies in the stable interest of the scientific community in the history of the church schism, in the problems of the formation of the ideology of the USSR, especially in the aspect of semiotics with the identification of some deep symbolic structures. The purpose of the study is to substantiate the hypothesis that the church schism of the 17th century and the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917 are connected in the implementation of non-obvious semiotic scenarios for further development. The material of the work was the “Acts of the Moscow Cathedral” of 1666-1667, periodicals (newspapers “Krasnaya Gazeta”, “Krasny Sever”, “Zvezda Vytegry” of 1920), scientific works on the analysis of monuments of secular and church history. In the study, the leading methods are contextual analysis, reconstruction, modeling with the dominance of philological hermeneutics. With their help, five parameters are identified by which it is permissible to track the ideologization of the fact of reality by a group of interested persons: 1) the use of semantic-specific linguistic means; 2) the polarization of the assessment; 3) the precedence of the text; 4) the precedence of the idea and 5) the precedence of the image of a leader loyal to the community of people who won the controversy. It is shown that ideologized meanings do not depend on the time of creation and the sphere of functioning of the text that preserves them. In other words, the text acts as a material carrier of a dynamic formation that can be transferred from one statement to another for several centuries, which makes it possible to study ideologization using linguistic methods. At the end of the work, a graphical model of the ideologization of language and text is presented, which is relevant both for the era of the church schism in the second half of the 17th century and for the period after the October Revolution of 1917.

About the authors

Alexander V. Zagumennov

The religious organization - the theological educational organization of higher education “The Vologda theological seminary” of the Vologda diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2440-3918

Candidate of Philology, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Humanities and Natural Sciences

2, Monastyrskaya str., Vologda, Russian Federation, 160901


  1. Melnikov, G.P. (2000). System typology of languages: the synthesis of the morphological classification of languages with the stadial: The course of lectures. Moscow: RUDN. (In Russ.).
  2. Novikov, L.A. (2001). Selected works. Vol. I. Problems of linguistic meaning. Moscow: RUDN. (In Russ.).
  3. Valentinova, O.I. (2021). The approach to investigating text and style: the rationale of cause typology of texts In: The systemic view as a basis for philological thought. USA: Lexington books, 2021. pp. 141–270. (In Russ.).
  4. Dracheva, Yu.N. & Ilyina, E.N. Media image of the village patronal feast “Ilyin’s Day” in linguoculturological and linguoepistemological aspects. Cherepovets State University Bulletin, 5 (98), 19–37. (In Russ.). doi: 10.23859/1994-0637-2020-5-98-2.
  5. Pascal, P (2016). Archpriest Avvakum and the Beginning of the Schism. Moscow: Languages of Slavic culture, 2016. (In Russ.).
  6. Valentinova, O.I. & Nikitin, O.V. (2021) Metacultural constants and connections of the Old Believers of Tuva (based on the records of the archaeographic expedition of N.N. Pokrovsky 1967). The New Research of Tuva, 3, 195–209. (In Russ.). nit.2021.3.15
  7. Archpriest Avvakum and his legacy in history and modernity: on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of his birth. In: Materials of the interregional scientific and practical conference with international participation December 15, 2020. (2021). Veliky Novgorod. (In Russ.).
  8. Bogin, G.I. (2009). Acquisition of the ability to understand: works of different years Vol. 1. Tver: Tver State University. (In Russ.).
  9. Davydov, I.I. (1837). Readings about literature. Course 1. Moscow: University press. (In Russ.).
  10. Baudouin de Courtenay, I.A. (1963). Selected works on general linguistics T.2. Moscow: Ed. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. (In Russ.).
  11. Lotman, Yu.M. (2010). Semiosphere. St. Petersburg: Iskusstvo-SPB. (In Russ.).
  12. Shchedrovitsky, G.P. (2005). Sign and activity. Book. 1: The structure of the sign: meanings, meanings, knowledge. Moscow: Russian Academy of Sciences. (In Russ.).
  13. Pogodin, A.L. (1913). Language as creativity: (psychological and social foundations of speech creativity): the origin of the language. In: Questions of theory and psychology of creativity. Vol. 4. Kharkov. (In Russ.).
  14. Zalevskaya, A.A. (2005). Psycholinguistic research. Word. Text: selected works. Moscow: Gnosis. (In Russ.).
  15. Melchuk, I.A. (2012). Language: from meaning to text. Moscow: Languages of Slavic culture. (In Russ.).
  16. Pedagogy and logic. (1993). Moscow: Castal: LLP. (In Russ.).
  17. Novikov, L.A. (2001). Selected works. Vol. II. Aesthetic aspects of language. Miscellanea. Moscow: RUDN Publ. (In Russ.).
  18. Shchedrovitsky, G.P. (2003). Methodology and philosophy of organizational and managerial activity: basic concepts and principles (course of lectures). In: From the archive of G.P. Shchedrovitsky. Vol. 5. Moscow. (In Russ.).
  19. Brief philosophical dictionary (2008). Moscow: Prospekt. (In Russ.).
  20. Tsakhilov, T.O (2015). Ideologization as a basis for the program activities of political parties: history and modernity. Current Issues in Philology and Pedagogical Linguistics, 4, 85–89. (In Russ.).
  21. Valentinova, O.I., Rybakov, M.A. & Shirobokov A.N. (2019). Types of models and their explanatory possibilities on the example of modeling vocalism systems of some Turkic languages of Siberia. Siberian Journal of Philology, 2, 148–162. (In Russ.).
  22. Valentinova, O.I. & Nikitin, O.V. (2021). Bilingual nature of the Russian literary language in scientific controversy and verbal culture of the 18th century. Philological Sciences. Scientific Essays of Higher Education, 6 (2), 192–198. (In Russ.).
  23. Shpet, G.G. (2007). Gustav Shpet: collected works. Vol. 4. Art as a kind of knowledge. Selected works on the philosophy of culture. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.).
  24. Faktorovich, A.L. (2016). Correlation of “voices” with polyphony in non-media political communication. Bulletin of Vologda State University. Series: humanitarian, social, pedagogical sciences, 1, 82–87. (In Russ.).
  25. Stain, K.E. (2006). Harmony of the poetic text. Warehouse. Textile. Texture. Stavropol: Stavropol State University Publ. (In Russ.).
  26. Skvortsov, V.M. (1896). The general nature of the Old Believer schism, the essential features and the degree of harmfulness of its individual interpretations. Kiev: S.V. Kulzhenko. (In Russ.).
  27. Suchilkina, E.V. (2016). The meaning of language in Soviet ideology. Man, society and the state in the modern world. In: Collection of scientific papers of the international scientific and practical conference. Penza: PSTU. pp. 29–33. (In Russ.).
  28. Materials for the history of the schism during the first period of its existence, published by the Brotherhood of St. Peter the Metropolitan: Vols. 1–9. (In Russ.).
  29. Krasnaya Gazeta. URL: NP_000358/ (accessed: 01.12.2021). (In Russ.).
  30. Krasny Sever. URL: (accessed: 01.12.2021). (In Russ.).
  31. Additions to the Historical Acts. (1853). Volume 5. St. Petersburg. (In Russ.).
  32. “Zvezda Vytegry” (1920). Vytegra. (In Russ.).

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
1. Fig. 1. The act of communication according to L.A. Novikov [2. P. 390]

Download (31KB)
2. Fig. 2. Scheme of church and secular schism

Download (61KB)
3. Fig. 3. Wording of the allegations (1. Vol. 2.)

Download (101KB)

Copyright (c) 2022 Zagumennov A.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies