Manifestation of the Author’s Image Category in the Characteristics of the Reign of Peter the Great (based on the material of V.O. Klyuchevsky “Russian History”)

Cover Page

Cite item


The article analyzes the features of the manifestation of the category of the author’s image in the work of V.O. Klyuchevsky’s “Russian History” on the example of the characteristics of the reign of the outstanding Russian monarch - Peter I, whose reign, which dramatically changed the progressive development of Russian life, had an extremely contradictory influence on the fate of the Russian Empire until its collapse in 1917. The purpose of the work is to prove that the interpretation of the text from the standpoint of the category of the author’s image, as a supercategory serving as the organizing principle and focus of the essence of the text, reveals the internal unity of the text, not only artistic but also scientific, especially as complex and non-trivial as V.O. Klyuchevsky, possessing the highest cognitive, ethical and aesthetic value. In the course of the study, as a result of correlation of the author’s self with the content being introduced and the establishment of the principle of selecting facts exposed in the book by V.O. Klyuchevsky analysis, the scientific method that is not directly formulated in the historian’s work is explicated, which allows reconstructing the author’s image as the image of a researcher. Observation of the features of the linear development of the text makes it possible to discover ways of reinforcing meanings, to assess the degree of their fixation, and therefore, to actualize, derive fixed meanings, establish their general meaningful orientation and, on this basis, reconstruct the value-ethical side of the author’s image. Extrapolation of the concept of the image of the author, developed by V.V. Vinogradov for a systematic analysis of a literary text, designed to establish the features of each conditionally distinguished level of the text and the principle of matching all levels with each other, into scientific texts can significantly expand our understanding of the scope of application of systematic methods of analysis.

About the authors

Olga I. Valentinova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN)

Author for correspondence.

DSc in Philology, Full Professor, Professor at Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), head of the scientific training program “General and specific methodology of philological science".

6, Miklukho-Maklaya, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Wang Lele

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN)


PhD student in General and Russian Linguistics Department, Faculty of Philology

6, Miklukho-Maklaya, Moscow, Russia, 117198


  1. Vinogradov, V.V. (1961). Problem of authorship and theory of styles. Moscow: State Publishing House of Fiction. (In Russ.).
  2. Florensky, P.A. (1993). Analysis of spatial and time in artistic and visual works. Moscow: Progress. (In Russ.).
  3. Bahtin, M.M. (1986). Aesthetics of verbal creativity. Moscow: Iskusstvo. (In Russ.).
  4. Novikov, L.A. (1988). Art text and its analysis. Moscow: Russian language. (In Russ.).
  5. Vinogradov, V.V. (1971). About art speech theory. Moscow: Higher School. (In Russ.).
  6. Vinogradov, V.V. (1958). Science on the language of fiction and its tasks. Moscow: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. (In Russ.).
  7. Vinogradov, V.V. (1959). On the language of fiction. Moscow: Art Literature. (In Russ.).
  8. Vinogradov, V.V. (1980). Selected works. About the language of artistic prose. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.).
  9. Novikov, L.A. (2001). Selected works. Vol. 2. Esthetic aspects of language. Miscellanea. Moscow: RUDN. (In Russ.).
  10. Valentinova, O.I. (2016). System approach to text and style research: justification of causal typology of texts In O.I. Valentine, V.N. Denisenko, S.Y. Preobrazhenskiy, M.A. Rybakov. Systemic view as the basis of philological thought. Moscow: Languages of Slavic cultures. (In Russ.).
  11. Vinokur, G.O. (1959). Selected works in Russian language. Moscow: State Educational and Pedagogical Publishing House. (In Russ.).
  12. Belinsky, V.G. (1979). Collection of works in nine volumes. Volume 4. Moscow: Hudojestvennaja literatura. (In Russ.).
  13. Syromyatnikov, B.I. (1912). V.O. Klyuchevsky and B.N. Chicherin In V.O. Klyuchevsky Characteristics and Memories. Moscow: Nauchnoe slovo. (In Russ.).
  14. Novikova, M.L. (2005). Ostranization as the basis of the figurative language semantics and structure of the artistic text: Monograph. Moscow: RUDN. (In Russ.).
  15. Uspenskiy, B.A. (1970). Poetics Compositions. Structure of artistic text and typology of compositional form. Moscow: Art. (In Russ.).
  16. Korman, B.O. (1971). Results and prospects of studying the problem of the author In Page of the history of Russian literature. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.).
  17. Orlova, E.I. (2008). The image of the author in the literary work. Moscow: Flinta. (In Russ.).
  18. Valgina, N.S. (2003). Theory of text. Moscow: Logos. (In Russ.).
  19. Modern foreign literary criticism (countries of Western Europe and the USA): concepts, schools, terms. (1996). Encyclopedic reference book, I.P. Illin, E.A. Zurganov (eds.) Moscow: Intrada—INION. (In Russ.).
  20. Anatolyeva, N.N. Philological analysis of the text. Manual. P. 28. URL: br/?b=135271&p=28 (accessed: 15.04.2020). (In Russ.).
  21. Kozhevnikov, N.A. (1985). On the Ratio of Narrative Types in Artistic Texts. Topics in the study of language, 4, 104—114. (In Russ.).
  22. Florensky, P.A. (1990). The opening statement before the protection for the master’s degree of the book “On spiritual truth” [Moscow, 1912], said May 19, 1914 In P.A. Florenskiy Pillar and the statement of truth. Moscow: Pravda. (In Russ.).
  23. Klyuchevsky, V.O. (2017). Russian history. Moscow: EXMO. (In Russ.).
  24. Dostoyevsky, F.M. (1974). Besa: Head of "At Tihon." Handwritten editions In Dostoyevsky F.M. Complete collection essays: in 30 vol. Vol. 11. Leningrad. (In Russ.).
  25. Klyuchevsky, V.O. (2004). Russian history: full course of lecture. Moscow: OLMA-PRESS Education. (In Russ.).
  26. The dictionary of modern Russian literary language. (1948—1965). In 17-th. (BAS), V.I. Chernyshyova (Ed.). Moscow; Leningrad: publishing house of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. (In Russ.).
  27. The complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire 1713—1719. (1830). Vol. 5. No. 2937. St. Petersburg. (In Russ.).
  28. Bazhenova, E.A. (2001). Scientific text in the aspect of politicization. Perm: Publishing house of the Perm university. (In Russ.).
  29. Novikova, M.L. (2013). Poetics cutting. Verbal image in cultural and historical space. Bulletin of the Russian University of Friendship of Peoples. Series: Theory of language. Semiotics. Semantics, 2, 110—120. (In Russ.).
  30. Dostoyevsky, F.M. (1990). In memories of contemporaries: In 2 vol. Vol. 2. Moscow: Art Literature. (In Russ.).
  31. Solovyev, S.M. History of Russia from ancient times. Book IX. Early 20s 18th century [Electronic resource]. URL: https:// vremen_kniga_ix_nachalo_20_h_godov_xviii_veka_1725-74592.html#p2 (accessed: 20.03.2020). (In Russ.).
  32. The Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language by Vladimir Dahl [Electronic resource]. URL: velikorusskogo_yazika.html#0 (accessed: 20.03.2020). (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2020 Valentinova O.I., Lele W.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies