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For non-indigenous peoples of the USSR, which can be roughly described as “old” Diaspora are Assyrians, Bulgarians, Hungarians, Greeks, Koreans, Mongols, Germans, Persians, Poles, Romanians, Slovaks, Turks, Finns, Gypsies, Czechs. Some of them managed to preserve their national languages for a variety of reasons, languages, others are more subjected to the influence of the Russian language. In some cases the existence of the ethnic group in the Soviet Union has allowed him to acquire script for their language, but there are some examples of the idiom of extinction in the USSR. The article contains at-tempts to determine the social status of the non-autochthonous diasporas languages living in the Soviet Union. Those efforts are based on the political situation in the country, state ideology, the value of the lan-guage for its speakers and the level of its prevalence. The text also offers a brief description of the “old” diasporas languages, some information about the scope of their use and ways of preserving them at the level of each diaspora and the state in general.

About the authors

Ekaterina M Nedopekina

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: enedopekina@gmail.com

Nedopekina Ekaterina Mikhailovna: PhD in Philology, PhD in Slavic Studies (Bordeaux Montaigne University, France), Assistant of the General and Russian Linguistics Department at Philological Faculty (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia); English Language Teacher at the Institute of Retraining and Advanced Training of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia; scientific interests: minority languages, language contacts, study of new sociolinguistic spaces and issues of linguistic and ethnic identification

Mikloukho-Maclaya Str., 10-2A, Moscow, Russia, 117198


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