Transformation of the desired family model in different generations: Results of the All-Russian sociological study

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Abstract


The difficult demographic situation and the search for an effective model of demographic and family policy have revived the discourse about the Russian family model. The article aims at describing general and specific characteristics of the desired family model in different generations to identify vectors of transformation of the family institution and directions of the family policy. The authors’ conclusions are based on the statistical data, all-Russian population censuses (2002 and 2010), micro-census (2015), sample surveys of the Federal State Statistics Service, and the results of the authors’ research conducted in 2019. Ideas about the desired family model change under the influence of cultural and social-economic factors and differ between generations; therefore, a comparison of the opinions of different generations allow to identify transformations of the desired family model and directions of family policy. Family is still a significant value for Russians, but the model of the desired family changes towards nuclearization, mosaic family life models, decreasing role of formal mechanisms for regulating marriage, and increasing share of people who do not want a family. The discourse about the traditional family model, which is the basis of the Russian family policy, is supported by many Russians only formally. In general, Russians’ ideas about the desired family model change in the direction of liberalizing norms and attitudes to marriage and family life, and there are serious generational differences. Methods of multivariate statistical analysis allowed the authors to identify typological groups that differ in their ideas about the happy family.


About the authors

T. K Rostovskaya

Institute for Demographic Research of the FCTAS RAS

Author for correspondence.
Email: rostovskaya.tamara@mail.ru
Fotievoy St., 6-1, Moscow, 119333, Russia

O. V Kuchmaeva

Institute for Demographic Research of the FCTAS RAS; Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: kuchmaeva@yandex.ru
Fotievoy St., 6-1, Moscow, 119333, Russia; Leninskie Gory, 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia

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