BILINGUALISM AND MULTILINGUALISM AS UNIFYING PRINCIPLES OF DIFFERENT SOCIOCULTURAL COMMUNITIES OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS(in Kabardino-Balkarian Republic)

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Abstract


This article views the problems connected with bilingualism and multilingualism. They are relevant in the context of globalization, democratization and integration of modern society, development of intercultural communication, inter-ethnic relations. Bilingualism and multilingualism are considered as unifying principles of different sociocultural communities living under conditions of multi-ethnic space (in the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria as in a territorial entity of the Russian Federation).The study concluded that different extralinguistic factors such as place of residence, sphere of communication, system of education and mass media have a great influence on the process of formation, development and origination of bilingual and multilingual linguistic identity which lives in multinational Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. There are relative bilinguals to a greater extent (according to the proficiency of two languages), and also persons possessing combined bilingualism (according to the degree of languages fusion); absolute bilinguals and autonomic bilingualism occur rarely in Kabardino- Balkaria.

S K Bashieva

Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after Kh.M. Berbekov

Z R Dohova

Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after Kh.M. Berbekov

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Copyright (c) 2015 Башиева С.К., Дохова З.Р.

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