RELIGIOUS, PHILOSOPHICAL AND LITERARY CONTEXTS OF F.I. TYUTCHEV’S POEM «TO A.V. PL <ETNYO> VA»

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Abstract


The article presents an analysis of the poem of F.I. Tyutchev with the attraction of evangelical texts, works of the Russian religious philosophers, and such poets as A.S. Pushkin, VA. Zhukovsky, A.A. Fet, A.A. Maykov and F.I. Tyutchev himself. The stress is laid on the ideological position of the lyrical subject and features of figurative thinking that allow specifying a question of a place of the poet in the literary movement of the 2nd half of the XIXth century. It is proved that the consciousness of Tyutchev who created the poetic addressing includes the religious component participating in creation of images. In this case, the assumption is argued according to which the romantic canon of a creative phenomenon with its idealistic concept kept by Tyutchev as fidelity of tradition is in addition strengthened by the characteristic preferences that show the author’s proximity to “Pure Art”. The author arrives at such conclusions: 1) the poem “To A.V. Pl va” declares commitment to the ideas of the late-romantic school; 2) images of the miniature are created by the triad “outlook - creativity - a human ideal”; 3) the semantic dominant of the message is conviction in the value of belief for an orthodox person, and for an artist - in art, inspired by spiritual beauty; 4) the religious component of attitude of the lyrical subject interacts with a wide literary background and makes opposition to «unromantic» options of a world outlook and everyday philosophy of life.

T A Gavrilenko

Far Eastern Federal University (branch in Ussuriisk)

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