The Role of the Diad PEACE-WAR Value in the Linguistic Worldview of the French Society Representatives

Cover Page

Cite item


The article is devoted to the analysis of a number of values of native French speakers living in France. The relevance of this work is explained by the fact that at the present stage the composition of the population of France is changing as a result of the migration process, which entails the transformation of the value system and their hierarchy in society compared to traditional perception. It is interesting to trace the representation of this fact on the proverbial material and on the material obtained as a result of the questionnaire. The purpose of this article is to analyze the representation and role of the peace - war value dyad in the linguistic picture of the world of representatives of modern French society from the point of view of traditions and modernity. As a material for the study of traditional values in the framework of the axiological dyad’s analysis under study, 49 French-language proverbs about weapons were used, taught by a continuous sample from the heading “La guerre et les armes” of the dictionary of French proverbs and sayings. The study of images associated with weapons allowed us to characterize the metaphorical basis for describing various life value-generating situations, and the semantic analysis of proverbs made it possible to identify adjacent values: life, health, courage and thereby trace the features of the representation of the peace - war dyad in the French value system from the point of view of accumulated experience. In order to verify the results obtained from the analysis of paremiographic material and extract an idea of the functioning of this value dyad in the language picture of the world of representatives of modern French society, a questionnaire was conducted with the participation of 97 informants - native French and Turkish migrants. The analysis of the entire array of material allowed us to identify the common contiguous value of life. This fact, as well as the second place of the concept of peace, according to the informants, is located after the family on the value-conceptual scale, allows us to consider peace as one of the main vital values of representatives of modern French society.

About the authors

Gulnara M. Gasymova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

postgraduate student of the Department of Foreign Languages, specialty 10.02.05 Romance Languages 6, st. Mikluho-Maklaya, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

Natalia Yu. Nelyubova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

PhD in Philology, Associate Professor Foreign Languages Department of the Philological Faculty 6, st. Mikluho-Maklaya, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

Taisiya E. Finskaya

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
postgraduate student of the Department of Foreign Languages, specialty 10.02.05 Romance Languages 6, st. Mikluho-Maklaya, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198


  1. Language picture of the world and system lexicography (2006). V.Yu. Apresyan, Yu.D. Apresyan, E.E. Babaeva, O.Yu. Boguslavskaya, B.L. Iomdin, T.V. Krylova, I.B. Levontina, A.V. Sannikov, E.V. Uryson; Yu.D. Apresyan (ed.). Moscow: Languages of Slavic cultures. (In Russ.).
  2. Serebrennikov, B.A., Kubryakova, E.S. & Postovalova, V.I. et al. (1988). The role of the human factor in language: Language and the picture of the world. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.).
  3. Lomakina, O.V. (2021). Concepts of god and faith in Uzbek and Tajik proverbs in terms of culture and language transfer theory. European Journal of Science and Theology, 17(2), 125—135.
  4. Chesnokova, O.S. & Fernandes Sanches, Ju.V. (2017). Gastronomic Thesaurus of Spanish and Basque in the light of humorous discourse. Vestnik of Tomsk State University, 425, 50—58. (In Russ.).
  5. Maslova, V.A. (2015). THE WANDERER in Russian linguoculture: value, concept, image? Bulletin of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. Series: Linguistics = Russian Journal of Linguistics, 3, 23—31. (In Russ.).
  6. Karasik, V.I. (2019). Values as culturally significant landmarks of behavior. Collection of materials of the VII International Scientific and Practical Conference: humanitarian technologies in the modern world. Western branch of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation. pp. 22—25. (In Russ.).
  7. Mamontov, A.S., Tsedendorzhiyn, E. & Boguslavskaya, V.V. (2019). The value system in the aspect of nationally oriented lexicography (on the example of Russian-Mongolian comparisons). Russian Journal of Linguistics, 23(1), 200—222. (In Russ.).
  8. Bréchon, P. (2016) Quelles sont les valeurs des Français? Sciences Humaines, Grands Dossiers, 44(9), 34—34.
  9. Dzhimbeeva, L.V. (2016). Axiological component of the language picture of the world. International Journal of Professional Science, 1, 141—147. (In Russ.).
  10. Gurevich, P.S. (2003). Culturology. Textbook for universities. Moscow: Project. p. 331. (In Russ.).
  11. Kovshova, M.L. (2016). Cultural and national specificity of phraseological units and questions of explication of their cultural meanings. Questions of psycholinguistics, 30, 90—102. (In Russ.).
  12. Bajramova, L.K. & Ivanova, M.V. (2014). Russian culture in the “Axiological phraseological dictionary of the Russian language”. Problems of history, philology, culture, 3, 10—12. (In Russ.).
  13. Georgieva, O.N. (2008). Values and “anti-values” of the French and Russian linguocultures as basic units of the axiological picture of the world. Bulletin of the Volgograd State University. Series 2: linguistics, 2(8), 126—130. (In Russ.).
  14. Serebrennikova, E.F. (2011). Aspects of axiological linguistic analysis. Linguistics and axiology: ethnosemiometry of value meanings: a collective monograph. Moscow: Thesaurus. pp. 3—4. (In Russ.).
  15. Bréchon, P., Gonthier, F. & Astor, S. (2019). La France des valeurs. Quarante ans d’évolutions. Presses universitaires de Grenoble.
  16. Finskaya, T.E. (2021). The role of attractor events in the creation of the conceptual sphere of the French media discourse. Cognitive studies of language, 3, 74—277. (In Russ.).
  17. Antonova, E.N., Bredis, M.A., Vladimirova, T.E., Gishkaeva, L.N., Ivanov, E.E., Zinovieva, E.I., Komova, D.D., Lomakina, O.V., Makarova, A.S., Mokienko, V.M., Nelyubova, N.Yu., Nikolaeva, E.K., Seliverstova, E.I., Semenenko, N.N., Fatkullina, F.G., Khairullina, R.Kh. & Cao, Ts. (2020). Paremiology Without Borders. Moscow: Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. (In Russ.).
  18. Stepanov, Yu.S. (1997). Constants. Dictionary of Russian Culture. Research experience. Moscow: А pp. 40—43. (In Russ.).
  19. Bredis, M., Dimoglo, M. & Lomakina, O. (2020). Paremias in modern linguistics: approaches to study, text-forming and linguocultural potential. RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, 11(2), 265—284. (In Russ.).
  20. Ivanov, E.E. (2019). Aspects of the empirical understanding of the aphorism. RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, 10(2), 381—401. (In Russ.).
  21. Ivanov, E.E. (2020). On the recurrence of aphoristic units in the modern Russian language. Rusistika, 17(2), 157—170. (In Russ.).
  22. Ivanov, E.E. (2020). Aphorism as an object of linguistics: the main features. RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, 11(4), 659—706. (In Russ.).
  23. Montreynaud, F., Pierron, A. & Suzzoni, F. (2006). Le Robert Dictionnaire de proverbes et dictons. Paris, Dictionnaires le Robert.
  24. Ivanov, E.E. (2009). Criteria for systematization of aphoristic material as an object of lexicographic description. Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies, 2(24), 88—91. (In Russ.).
  25. Nelyubova, N.Yu., Hiltbrunner, V.I. & Yershov, V.I. (2019). Reflection of the hierarchy of values in the proverbial fund of Russian and French languages. Russian Journal of Linguistics, 23(1), 223—243. (In Russ.).
  26. Nelyubova, N.Yu. & Finskaya, T.E. (2021). War as part of the axiological dyad peace/war and its representation in French proverbs. Collection of materials of the international scientific and practical conference “V Firs readings Modern languages, communication and migration in the context of globalization”. (In Russ.).
  27. Karasik, V.I. (2014). Axiogenic situation as a unit of the value picture of the world. Political linguistics, 1, 65—75. (In Russ.).
  28. Ivanov, E.E., Lomakina, O.V. & Nelyubova, N.Yu. (2021). Semantic analysis of Tuvan proverbs: models, images, concepts (on a European paremiological background). New studies of Tuva, 3, 232—248. (In Russ.).
  29. Dictionary of French Larousse. Dictionnaire de français Larousse. URL:ébander/21747 (accessed: 04.07.2021).

Supplementary files

There are no supplementary files to display.

Copyright (c) 2022 Gasymova G.M., Nelyubova N.Y., Finskaya T.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies