Language situation and status of languages in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania

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Abstract

The article substantiates the socio-economic and cultural-historical introduction of the Ossetians to the Russian language, which is considered as the result of the natural development of the standard of living of the highlanders. The aim of the study is to consider the history and characteristics of national-Russian bilingualism, the role of language interaction in the formation of a bilingual personality, society, identification of deformed linguistic processes that led to both the loss of the function of language proficiency and its use in everyday life, as well as measures that contribute to the revival of native language. The article emphasizes that the Russian language has become a civilizing factor that has significantly accelerated the development of the spiritual culture of the mountaineers, that it, along with the Ossetian language, is recognized as the state language of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania as a language of interethnic communication, it is provided with free functioning throughout the republic. The work also focuses on the ethno-demographic composition of the population, emphasizes the polyethnicity of the region, which contributes to the strengthening of the role of the Russian language as a language of interethnic communication. During the 20th century, a sharp delimitation of the functions of the Russian and native languages leads to a weakening of the role of the national language, which exposes it to the threat of extinction. Loss of language entails a loss of self-awareness, culture, perception of the world, as well as the loss of self-identification. According to the authors, the republic itself needs to be concerned about the widespread use and all-round development of the native language in national government bodies, public organizations of science, culture, education, health care and the service sector. We need to work with those native speakers who do not consider it prestigious to communicate in their native language in the family, do not try to pass it on to the next generation: the lack of linguistic continuity is destructive. To preserve the language in the context of globalization, the authors propose to strengthen the role of the state and society, to consolidate the efforts of scientists, statesmen and public figures in order to influence the activities of the media to preserve the language and culture; direct their efforts towards harmonious bilingualism.

About the authors

Elena B. Besolova

North Ossetian Institute for Humanitarian and Social Research named after V. I. Abaev

Author for correspondence.
Email: elenabesolova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0157-9993

Doctor of philological sciences, Professor, Head of the Ossetian Linguistics Department

10, Prospect Mira, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russian Federation, 362040

Bella K. Zakaeva

North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University)

Email: zbllbella@yahoo.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6181-5882

Senior Lecturer at the Foreign languages department

44, st. Nikolaeva, Vladikavkaz Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russian Federation, 362021

Varvilina P. Dzhioeva

South Ossetia State University named after A.A. Tibilov

Email: jio.varvilina@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6341-744X

Associate Professor of the English Language Department

8, st. Vladimir Putin, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia, 100001

Anastasia V. Denisenko

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN university)

Email: denisenko-av@rudn.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0222-5460

PhD, Associate Professor of the Russian language department #4 of Russian Language Institute

6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

Julia M. Kalinina

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN university)

Email: kalinina-yum@rudn.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7185-9360

PhD, Senior Lecturer of the Russian language department #4 of Russian Language Institute

6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

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Copyright (c) 2021 Besolova E.B., Zakaeva B.K., Dzhioeva V.P., Denisenko A.V., Kalinina J.M.

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