Imperative Statements - one of the Forms of Representation of a Linguistic Personality

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the functioning of imperative statements used in various situations of communication. The purpose of the article is to analyze the main imperative constructions in the context of the speech behavior of the linguistic personality of the main character of a literary text. The method of comparative analysis allows identify the features of the functioning of incentive tactics. This article is an overview of the research available in linguistics on issues related to imperativeness. A broad view of the concept of imperative allows to go beyond the established definitions and expand the field of modality of a literary text. The work examines the main semantic groups that clearly characterize the literary character as a linguistic person. The analysis of imperative incentive statements is viewed through the prism of purposeful communicative activity. A variety of means and ways of expressing imperative statements in the speech of the main character provide an opportunity to differentiate semantic nuances. The scientific novelty of the article lies in the fact that for the first time on the material of the modern Russian novel “The Geographer Drank His Globe Away” by A. Ivanov, the main classes of expression of the semantics of motivation are analyzed. The study identified imperative and non-imperative, but expressing the urge to action, statements, means of lowering the imperative. The lexico-grammatical and syntactic constructions used in the speech of the main character, most common in pedagogical and everyday discourses, are analyzed. The research results are presented as a functional-semantic space.

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Fig. 1. Imperative statements in V. Sluzhkin’s speech

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About the authors

Anna A. Vasileva

Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: a.vasileva@my.mgimo.ru

lecturer

76, Vernadsky avenue, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119454

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1. Fig. 1. Imperative statements in V. Sluzhkin’s speech

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