Harmony and Disharmony: Acoustic Opposition in the Early Lyrics of Alexander Blok

Cover Page

Cite item


The article studies the role of the observer - the subject of acoustic perception of poetic narrative, in particular, in the construction of a dual reality in the early work by Alexander Blok “Poems about the Beautiful Lady”. Acoustic perceptual data is the basis for the creation of complex mystical and philosophical symbols and poetic images. The divine, ideal world of the Beautiful Lady and the real world of the lyric hero are in opposition to each other in acoustic terms, which give rise to the opposition HARMONY - DISHARMONY. The opposition is realized in musical sounds, songs, and bell ringing typical of the upper world. The real world is characterized by other sounds, non-musical: groans, creaks, complaints, and crying. Accordingly, emotions also differ in value depending on belonging to one or another world: in the world of the Beautiful Lady they quietly laugh, rejoice; in the world of the lyrical hero they cry, moan, complain. SILENCE is a significant symbol of the divine world. The world of the Beautiful Lady is thus harmonious, musical and quiet. Its important element is the voices of birds: swans, cranes, eagles. Smell, touch and taste play a minor role in the creation of the Blok’s dual reality. Temperature sensations participate in the formation of the COLD symbol as a phenomenon hostile to the divine world. Thus, the concept of dual reality in Blok’s early lyrics is embodied in a number of acoustic oppositions and acoustic symbols of silence, song, and bell ringing.

About the authors

Zifa K. Temirgazina

Graduate School of Humanities Pavlodar Pedagogical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: zifakakbaevna@mail.ru

Doctor of Philology, Professor of the Graduate School of Humanities

60, St. Mira, Pavlodar, The Republic of Kazakhstan, 140005

Gulzhan K. Zhakupova

Nazarbayev Intellectual School

Email: gulzhan_n@pvl.nis.edu.kz


16/2, St. Tkacheva, Pavlodar, The Republic of Kazakhstan, 140012


  1. MсHale, B. (2009). Beginning to think about narrative in poetry. Columbus.
  2. Brokmejer, J. & Harre, R. (2000). Narrative: problems and promises of one of the alternative paradigm. Problems of Philosophy, 3, 29—42. (In Russ.).
  3. Srebryanskaya, N.A. (2005). Narrative deixis and its correlation with the categories of literary text. Bulletin of TSPU. Series: Humanities (Philology), 3(47), 69—74. (In Russ.).
  4. Paducheva, E.V. (2006). Observer: typology and possible interpretations. Мoscow. (In Russ.).
  5. Zhirmunskij, V.M. (1996). German romanticism and modern mysticism. St. Petersburg: Axioma. (In Russ.).
  6. Time, G. (2005). A. Blok and German Culture. Russian literature, 4, 204—208. (In Russ.).
  7. Mints, Z.G. (2000). Alexander Blok and Russian writers. St. Petersburg: Iskusstvo-SPB. (In Russ.).
  8. Shliakhova, G.I. (2019). Usual and Individual Authorial Functioning of Lexemes “Dream” and “Reverie” in Igor-Severyanin’s Poetry. RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, 10(4), 1106—1115. doi: 10.22363/2313-2299-2019-10-4-1106-1115. (In Russ.).
  9. Mints, Z.G. (1979). A. Blok’s symbol. Russian literature, 7(3), 193—248. (In Russ.).
  10. Etkind, E.G. (1997). Blok’s duality. In There, inside: On Russian poetry of the twentieth century. St. Petersburg. pp. 51—59. (In Russ.).
  11. Mints, Z.G. (1980). Blok and Russian Symbolism In Literary Heritage. Vol. 92. Alexander Blok. Book 1. Мoscow. pp. 98—172. (In Russ.).
  12. Ul’man, S. (1970). Semantic Universals In New in linguistics. Vol. 5. Мoscow. pp. 250—299. (In Russ.).
  13. Temirgazina, Z., Khamitova, G. & Orazalinova, K. (2016). Didactic Features оf a Learner’s English-Russian Dictionary of Biology Development. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 7(2), 317—326.
  14. Moiseeva, S.A. (2003). Perception verbs and deixis. Izvestia of the Russian State Pedagogical University named after A.I. Herzen, 5, 106—116. (In Russ.).
  15. Temirgazina, Z., Nikolaenko, S., Akosheva, M., Luczyk, M. & Khamitova, G. (2020). “Naive anatomy” in the Kazakh language world picture in comparison with English and Russian. XLinguae, 13(2), 3—16. doi: 10.18355/XL.2020.13.02.01.
  16. Blok, А.А. (1982). Lyrics. Theater. Мoscow: Pravda. (In Russ.).
  17. Rennert, J. (1979). Die musikalische Zeit — Alexander Block in Gesprach In Schriftsteller uber Weltliterature. Berlin, Weimar. pp. 99—104.
  18. Koroleva, V.V. (2007). Blok and E.T.A. Hoffmann: Traditions of Romanticism in Symbolist Poetics. Ivanovo. (In Russ.).
  19. Temirgazina, Z.K. (2013). Cultural Scenarios of Emotions of Sadness, Sorrow and Grief. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 13, 224—229. doi: 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2013.13.sesh.1440.
  20. Avdevnina, O.Yu. (2015). Perceptual and semantic dominants in artistic style formation. Saratov University Bulletin. New episode. Series: Philology. Journalism, 15(4), 45—52. (In Russ.).
  21. Klyuev, E.V. (1999). Rhetoric (Invention. Disposition. Elocution). Мoscow: PRIOR. (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2021 Temirgazina Z.K., Zhakupova G.K.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies