BRIDGE as a Linguistic and Cultural Symbol

Cover Page

Cite item


The paper deals with a linguistic and cultural conceptualization of reality. A symbolic dimension of a concept is analyzed on the basis of its notional, perceptive and axiological features. The concept BRIDGE has been described in its verbal representation in the Russian and English linguistic cultures. The material of the study includes definitions from dictionaries and encyclopedias, textual samples from the Russian and English national corpuses, proverbs and aphorisms and poetic texts. Metaphorically, a bridge is understood as an opportunity to move on along the road via some natural obstacles, usually rivers. Symbolically, the following ideas come to the fore when applied to the concept BRIDGE: crossing an obstacle, raising up, possibility or impossibility of coming back, safety or insecurity. The novelty of the research consists in the description of these vectors of conceptualization of a BRIDGE as a cluster of the symbolic meanings of building or destroying a bridge and going up or falling down from it.

About the authors

Vladimir I. Karasik

Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Author for correspondence.

Doctor of Philology (Advanced Doctorate), Professor of the Department of General and Russian Linguistics

6, Ac. Volgin str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117485

Maria S. Milovanova

Pushkin State Russian Language Institute


Doctor of Philology (Advanced Doctorate), Professor of the Department of General and Russian Linguistics

6, Ac. Volgin str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117485


  1. Averincev, S.S. (1983). Symbol In: Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya. pp. 607—608. (In Russ.).
  2. Zubko, G.V. (2010). Ancient symbol. Origins. Semantic structure. Evolution. Moscow: Universitetskaya kniga. (In Russ.).
  3. Ivanov N.V. (2002). Problem aspects of linguistic symbolism (experience of theoretical analysis). Moscow: URSS. (In Russ).
  4. Losev, A.F. (1995). The problem of symbol and realistic art. Moscow: Iskusstvo. (In Russ.).
  5. Lotman, Yu.M. (2000). Symbol in the system of culture In Semiosfera. St. Petersburg: Iskusstvo. (In Russ.).
  6. Prorokov, M.V. (1987). The category of artistic image and the problem of symbol. The Bulletin of Moscow State University. Series: Philology, 4, 39—47. (In Russ.).
  7. Safyanova, I.V. (1997). The specificity of symbol as trope and conditions of symbolic meaning realization. St. Petersburg. (In Russ.).
  8. Todorov, S. (1998). Theories of symbol. Moscow: Dom intellektualnoy knigi. (In Russ.).
  9. Fadeeva, I.E. (2004). The theory of cultural and historic phenomenology of symbol [dissertation]. St. Petersburg. (In Russ.).
  10. Shatin, Yu.V. (2003). Myth and symbol as semiotic categories In Language and culture: collection of philological conference articles. Novosibirsk: Novosibirskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo. pp. 7—10. (In Russ.).
  11. Shelestyuk, E.V. (1997). On a linguistic investigation of a symbol. Topics in the study of language, 4, 125—143. (In Russ.).
  12. Yakushevich, I.V. (2015). Semantic and semiotic model of symbol and its linguistic variation in a poetic text (on the material of Russian poetry of the XIX—XX centuries)[dissertation]. Moscow. (In Russ.).
  13. Bauer, V., Dyumotz, I. & Golovin, S. (1998). Encyclopedia of symbols. Moscow: KRON-PRESS. (In Russ.).
  14. Kerlot, H.E. (1994). Dictionary of symbols. Moscow: REFL-book. (In Russ.).
  15. Kopalinsky, V. (2002). Dictionary of symbols. Kaliningrad: Ember legend. (In Russ.).
  16. Makovsky, M.M. (1996). A comparative dictionary of mythological symbols in Indo-European languages: Image of the world and worlds of images. Moscow: Vlados. (In Russ.).
  17. Tresidder, D. (2001). Dictionary of symbols. Moscow: GRAND, FAIR-PRESS. (In Russ.).
  18. Florensky, P.A. (1996). Symbolarium (dictionary of symbols). Issue 1 In Collected works in 4 volumes. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl. pp. 564—590. (In Russ.).
  19. Karpov, Yu.Yu. (1993). Masque and image In Ethnic semiotic of ritual objects: collection of articles. St.Petersburg. pp.16—27. (In Russ.).
  20. Kupryakova, V.S. (2012). A looking glass as a symbol of luxury and vanity. Bulletin of St.Petersburg university of culture and arts, 3, 16—20. (In Russ.).
  21. Olyanich, A.V. (2018). The gift of the East to the West: linguistic semiotic and axiology of fan In Linguistic and cultural values in a comparative aspect: Collective monograph. V.I. Karasik, N.A. Krasavsky (eds.). Volgograd: PrinTerra-Dizayn. pp.134—157. (In Russ.).
  22. Vorkachev, S.G. (2014). Implementation of meaning: conceptualia selecta: monograph. Volgograd: Paradigma. (In Russ.).
  23. Dementev, V.V. (2013). Communicative values of the Russian culture: The category of personality in lexis and pragmatics. Moscow: Global kom. (In Russ.).
  24. Karasik, V.I. (2013). Linguistic matrix of culture. Moscow: Gnozis. (In Russ.).
  25. Kolesov, V.V. (2004). Language and mentality. St.Petersburg: Peterburgskoe vostokovedenie. (In Russ.).
  26. Slyshkin, G.G. (2004). Linguistic and cultural concepts and meta-concepts: a monograph. Volgograd: Peremena. (In Russ.).
  27. Ippolitov, O.O. (2003). The realization of the concept “road” in lexical and phraseological system of the language [dissertation]. Voronezh. (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2021 Karasik V.I., Milovanova M.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies