The Meaning of the Word in the Model of Understanding

Cover Page

Cite item


A model of the meaning of a word is considered, which is traditionally (since the times of the Stoics) illustrated by a triangle. Recent advances in the understanding of the essence of the meaning of a word lead to a semantic trapezium as a model of the meaning of a word and/or morpheme.

About the authors

Evgeny F. Kirov

Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Author for correspondence.

Dr. habil., Professor, Professor of the Department of General and Russian linguistics of Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Akadem. Volgin str. 6, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117485


  1. Kirov, E.F. (2018). Text and discourse in semiotic ratio, Vestnik of Volgograd state University. Series 2: Linguistics, 17(2), 15—25.
  2. Ancient theories of language and style (1936). Moscow—Leningrad: OGIZ.
  3. Saussure, F. (1999). Course of General linguistics (comments by Tulio de Mauro). Yekaterinburg: Publishing house of the Ural University.
  4. Reznikov, L.O. (1964). Epistemological problems of semiotics. Leningrad: Leningrad state University.
  5. Golovin, B.N. (1979). General linguistics. Moscow.
  6. Kirov, E.F. (1989). Theoretical problems of language modeling. Kazan: KSU publishing House.
  7. Kirov, E. (1995). Das Zeichen und die Bedeutungstheorie In History and Rationality. The Skovde Papers in the Historiography of Linguistics. Münster: NodusPublikationen. pр. 227— 236.
  8. Modern Russian language: Textbook: Phonetics. Lexicology. Word-formation. Morphology. Syntax (2003). L.A. Novikov (Ed.). St. Petersburg: Publishing house “LAN”.
  9. Kirov, E.F. (1997). Тhe Phonology of the language. Ulyanovsk: SVNTS.
  10. Baudouin de Courtenay, I.A. (1963). Selected works on General linguistics. Vol. 2. Moscow: Publishing house of the USSR FN.

Copyright (c) 2019 Kirov E.F.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies