Political cartoon as a genre of political discourse


The article is devoted to the consideration of the modern political cartoons on foreign policy and socially-significant topics in Arabic and French. Political cartoon is a genre of political discourse that entered the scope of linguistic problems in the middle of the 20th century and is an actual problem of modern linguistics. Political discourse has such characteristics as anthropocentrism, multidisciplinarity, expansionism, functionalism and explanatoriness. The genres of political discourse can be characterized as a homogeneous and creolized text; political cartoon is a creolized text that unites iconic and verbal levels and has paralinguistic characteristics. The object of the carried out analysis is the creolized text of the modern Arabic-language and French-speaking political cartoon. The subject of the study in this work was the structural, cultural-specific and linguistic characteristics of the political cartoon text in Arabic and French. The material of the study was selected to be more than 100 cartoons on political topics in Arabic and French. An appeal to the genre presentation of political discourse and comparative analysis of political cartoons is a topical issue of linguistics in the absence of a sufficient number of scientific works touching on this topic. It should be noted that the well-known works devoted to political cartoons use material which is contemporaneous with the author of the study. The study of political cartoon phenomenon in various linguistic cultures is a sphere of the actual multidisciplinary research as the author’s creative beginning at the level of the text and drawing interacts in the political cartoon with the tradition and its genre frames, producing a volume-rich multi-layered creolized text, decoding of which requires the addressee to have the language, logical and extra-linguistic presuppositions and skills of analyzing the political cartoon.

About the authors

Natalia M Dugalich

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: avsineeva_nm@rudn.university

Senior lecturer of the department of foreign languages, RUDN University; academic interests: pragmatics, discourse analysis, methods of teaching foreign languages, comparativelinguistics

6, Miklukho-Maklaya Str., Moscow, Russia, 117198


  1. Anderson, D.R. (2002). Cognitive psychologists. St. Petersburg: Peter.
  2. Anisimova, E.E. (2003). Linguistics of the text and intercultural communication (on the basis of creolized texts). Moscow: Academia.
  3. Arutyunova, N.D. (1990). Metaphor and Discourse In Theory of Metaphor. Moscow: Progress. pp. 5-32.
  4. Babushkin, A.P. (1996). Types of concepts in the lexico-phraseological semantics of the language. Voronezh.
  5. Bakhtin, M.M. (1996). From the archival records to the “Problem of speech genres” In Collected works, 5 vols. Moscow: Russian dictionaries. pp. 159-207.
  6. Baranov, A.N. (1997). Political discourse: parting with the ritual? Moscow: Man. pp. 108-119.
  7. Baranov, A.N. (2001). Introduction to applied linguistics. Moscow.
  8. Baranov, A.N. & Kazakevich E.G. (1991). Parliamentary debate: traditions and innovations. M.: Knowledge.
  9. Bardin L. (1975). Le Text et l’image. Communication et languages, 26. 98-112.
  10. Boriskina, O.O. & Kretov, A.A. (2003). The theory of language categorization. National linguistic consciousness through the prism of the cryptoclass. Voronezh.
  11. Bourdieu P. (dir.) La misère du monde. P.: Seuil, 1993.
  12. Boyko, M.A. (2006). Functional analysis of the means of creating the image of the country (on the basis of German political creed texts) [abstract of dissertation]. Voronezh.
  13. Budaev, E.V. & Chudinov, A.P. (2006). Metaphor in a political interdiscourse: a monograph. Ekaterinburg: publishing house Ural. state. ped. Un-ta.
  14. Chudakova, N.M. (2005). Conceptual area “inanimate nature” as a source of metaphorical expansion in the discourse of Russian mass media (2000-2004) [dissertation]. Ekaterinburg.
  15. Chudinov, A.P. (2006). Political linguistics. Moscow: Flint.
  16. Demosfenova, G.L., Nurok, A.Yu. & Shantiko, N.I. (1962). Soviet political poster. Moscow.
  17. Demyankov, V.Z. (2002). Political Discourse as a Subject of Political Science Philology. Political Science. Political Discourse: History and Modern Studies, 3, 32-43.
  18. Demyankov, V.Z. (2003). Interpretation of political discourse in the media In Mass media as an object of interdisciplinary research. Moscow: Publishing House of Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov. pp. 116-133.
  19. Fedosyuk, M.Yu. (1997). Unresolved questions of the theory of speech genres, Questions of linguistics, 5, 102-120.
  20. Gayda, S. (1999). Genres of spoken utterances In Genres of speech, a collection of scientific articles. Saratov: Publishing house Gos. educational and scientific center “College”. pp. 103-112.
  21. Golovina, L.V. (1986). Influence of iconic and verbal signs with a semantic perception of the text: the dissertation author’s abstract on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of philological sciences. Moscow.
  22. Grác, J. (1985). Persuazia: Oplyvkovanie cloveka cïovekom. Brno.
  23. Grishaeva, L.I. (1998). Realization / non-realization of valent properties of verbs as one of the mechanisms of verbalization of extralinguistic reality (on the material of Russian and German verbs of the anthroposphere). Voronezh, Voronezh. State University.
  24. Kraft, U. (1978). Comics lesen. Untersuchungen zur Textualität von Comics. Stuttgart.
  25. Kubryakova, E.S. (2004). Language and knowledge. On the way of getting knowledge of the language: parts of speech from the cognitive point of view. The role of language in the knowledge of the world. Academy of Sciences. M.: Languages of Slavic Culture.
  26. Lotman, Yu.M. (1999). The text as a meaning-producing device. Inside the thinking worlds. Man - text - the semiosphere - history. M.: Languages of Russian culture. pp. 11-163.
  27. Magera, T.S. (2006). The text of the political poster: lingvoritoricheskoe modeling (on the material of regional pre-election posters) [dissertation]. Barnaul.
  28. Muckenhaupt, M. (1986). Text und Bild. Grundfragen der Beschreibung von Text-Bild-Kommunikation aus sprachwissenschaftlicher Sicht. Tübingen.
  29. Parshin, P. Research practices, subject and methods of political linguistics In Problems of Applied Linguistics. Moscow. pp. 180-208.
  30. Ponton, D.& Larina, Т.V. (2016). Discourse analysis in the 21st century: theory and practice. Russian Journal of Linguistics, 20(4), 7-25.
  31. Popova, Z.D. & Sternin, I.A. (2002). Language and national picture of the world. Voronezh.
  32. Popova, E.A. (1995). Cultural and linguistic characteristics of political discourse (based on newspaper interviews) [dissertation]. Volgograd.
  33. Rathmayr, R. (1995). Neue Elemente im russischen politischen Diskurs seit Gorbatschow. In Totalitäre Sprache - langue de bois - language of dictatorship. Wien. pр. 195-214.
  34. Semochko, S.V. (2004). The concept “Faust” as a constant of German culture [dissertation]. Voronezh.
  35. Shapochkin, D.V. (2012). Political discourse. Tyumen: Publishing house of Tyumen state.
  36. Sheigal, E.I. (2000). Semiotics of Political Discourse. Volgograd: The Change.
  37. Sorokin, Yu.A. & Tarasov, E.F. (1990). Creolized texts and their communicative function. Optimization of speech influence. Moscow. pp. 180-186.
  38. Spillner, B (1982). Stilanalyse semiotisch komplexer Texte Zum Verhältnis von sprachlicher und bildlicher Information in Werbeanzeigen. pp. 91-109.
  39. Van Dijк, T.A. (1998). What is political discourse analysis? In Political linguistics; еd. Jan Blommaert, Chris Bulcaen. Amsterdam. pр. 11-52.
  40. Vodak, R. (1997). Language. Discourse. Policy. Volgograd: The Change.
  41. Voitasek, L. (1981). Psychology of political propaganda. Moscow.
  42. Yakobson, R.O. (1996). Language and the unconscious. Moscow.
  43. Zilbert, B.A. (1986). Sociopsycholinguistic study of texts of radio, television, newspapers. Saratov: publishing house SSU.
  44. Zuev, D.D. (1981). The structure of the modern school textbook and the place in it of extra-textual components (on the material of the analysis of textbooks of humanitarian disciplines) [abstract of dissertation]. Moscow.

Copyright (c) 2017 Dugalich N.M.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies