SYNTHESIS OF ETHNIC AND CIVIL AS A BASIS FOR THE RUSSIAN IDENTITY

Cover Page

Abstract


The authors consider the concept of Russian identity and review some key social and philo-sophical approaches to the definitions of identity focusing on the contemporary Russian sociological in-terpretations of the structure and content of national identity. The authors acknowledge the complexity and multidimensional nature of national identity, and believe that it develops in history and proves a certain level of national consciousness. The article considers the today’s Russians’ self-identification under the macro-social processes in the Russian society in the crisis period of 2014-2016. Based on the results of the national sociological monitoring surveys conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Acade-my of Sciences the authors identify the Russians’ priorities in the sphere of inter-ethnic and confessional relations in the form of sociological diagnostics. The data of the sociological surveys prove that the identity issues are still among the key problems of the Russian society considering the resources for national con-solidation as determined by the status of the Russian identity and by its structure as depending on the stability of civil and ethnic components combination. Today, Russia has to preserve and to renew its self-identification, to construct the Russian national-civil identity as a synthesis of ethnic and civil components. Thus, the state has to develop the so-called “identity policy” as one of the most important ways to strengthen its key political decisions and legislation and to support the spiritual-psychological climate of the society.


About the authors

M K Gorshkov

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: m_gorshkov@isras.ru
Krzhizhanovskogo St., 24/35, bld. 5, Moscow, Russia, 117218

I O Tyurina

Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: irina1-tiourina@yandex.ru
Krzhizhanovskogo St., 24/35, bld. 5, Moscow, Russia, 117218

References

  1. Abdulatipov R.G. Rossiiskaya natsiya: etnonatsionalnaya i grazhdanskaya identichnost rossiyan v sovremennykh usloviyakh [Russian Nation: Ethnic and Civil Identity of the Russians in the Current Situation]. Moscow: Nauchnaya kniga; 2005 (In Russ.).
  2. Abels H. Interaktsiya, identichnost, prezentatsiya. Vvedenie v interpretativnuyu sotsiologiyu [Interaction, Identity, Presentation. Introduction to Interpretative Sociology]. Saint Petersburg: Aleteiya; 2000 (In Russ.).
  3. Adler A. Praktika i teoriya individualnoi psikhologii [Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology]. Moscow: Fond “Za ekonomicheskuyu gramotnost”; 1995 (In Russ.).
  4. Berger P.L., Luckmann T. Sotsialnoe konstruirovanie realnosti. Traktat po sotsiologii znaniya [The Social Construction of Reality. A Treatise on Sociology of Knowledge]. Moscow: Medium; 1995 (In Russ.).
  5. Braudel F. Dinamika kapitalizma [The Dynamics of Capitalism]. Smolensk: Poligramma; 1993 (In Russ.).
  6. Braudel F. Chto takoe Frantsiya? [What is France?]. Moscow: Izdatelstvo im. Sabashnikovykh; 1994—1997 (In Russ.).
  7. Bourdieu P. Nachala [The Beginnings]. Moscow: Socio-Logos: “Adapt”; 1994 (In Russ.).
  8. Bourdieu P. Sotsiologiya sotsialnogo prostranstva [Sociology of Social Space]. Moscow: Aleteiya; 2007 (In Russ.).
  9. Volkov Yu.G. Gumanisticheskaya ideologiya i formirovanie rossiiskoi identichnosti [Humanistic Ideology and Construction of Russian Identity]. Moscow: Sotsialno-gumanitarnye znaniya; 2006 (In Russ.).
  10. Volkov Yu.G. Identichnost i gumanisticheskaya ideologiya: vzglyad v budushchee [Identity and Humanistic Ideology: A Look into the Future]. Moscow: Sotsialno-gumanitarnye znaniya; 2006 (In Russ.).
  11. Garfinkel H. Issledovaniya po etnometodologii [Studies in Ethnomethodology]. Saint Petersburg: Piter; 2007 (In Russ.).
  12. Goffman E. Analiz freimov: Esse ob organizatsii povsednevnogo opyta [Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience]. Moscow: IS RAN; 2004 (In Russ.).
  13. Goffman E. Predstavlenie sebya drugim v povsednevnoi zhizni [The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life]. Moscow: Kanon-Press; 2000 (In Russ.).
  14. Guboglo M. N. Identifikatsiya identichnosti: Etnosotsiologicheskie ocherki [Identifying the Identity: Ethnic-Sociological Essays]. Moscow: Nauka; 2003 (In Russ.).
  15. Husserl E. Logicheskie issledovaniya. Kartezianskie razmyshleniya. Krizis evropeiskikh nauk i transtsendental'naya fenomenologiya. Krizis evropeiskogo chelovechestva i filosofii. Filosofiya kak strogaya nauka [Logical Investigations. Cartesian Meditations. The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. Philosophy and the Crisis of European Man. Philosophy as a Rigorous Science]. Minsk: Kharvest, Moscow: AST; 2000 (In Russ.).
  16. Drobizheva L.M. Sotsialnye problemy mezhnatsionalnykh otnoshenii v postsovetskoi Rossii [Social Problems of Inter-Ethnic Relations in Post-Soviet Russia]. Moscow: IS RAN; 2003 (In Russ.).
  17. Kortunov S.V. Natsionalnaya identichnost: Postizhenie smysla [National Identity: Comprehension of Meaning]. Moscow: Aspekt Press; 2009 (In Russ.).
  18. Luhmann N. Ponyatie obshchestva [The Concept of Society]. Problemy teoreticheskoi sotsiologii: Sbornik nauchnyh statej. Saint Petersburg: Petropolis; 1994 (In Russ.).
  19. Luhmann N. Realnost massmedia [The Reality of the Mass Media]. Moscow: Praksis; 2005 (In Russ.).
  20. Rossiiskoe obschestvo i vyzovy vremeni. Kniga 4 [Russian Society and Challenges of the Time]. Moscow: Ves Mir; 2016 (In Russ.).
  21. Tishkov V.A. Rekviem po etnosu: Issledovaniya po sotsialno-kulturnoi antropologii [Requiem for the Ethnos: Studies on Social-Cultural Anthropology]. Moscow: Nauka; 2003 (In Russ.).
  22. Toynbee A.J. Postizhenie istorii [A Study of History]. Moscow: Rolf; 2001 (In Russ.).
  23. Toynbee A.J. Rol lichnosti v istorii [The Role of the Individual in History]. Moscow: Astrel; 2012 (In Russ.).
  24. Freud S. Osnovnye psikhologicheskie teorii v psikhoanalize [Basic Psychological Theories in Psychoanalysis]. Moscow: AST; 2006 (In Russ.).
  25. Huizinga J. Ob istoricheskikh zhiznennykh idealakh [Historical Ideals of Life]. London: Overseas Publications Interchange Ltd.; 1992 (In Russ.).
  26. Huizinga J. Teni zavtrashnego dnya. Chelovek i kultura. Zatemnennyi mir: Esse [The Shadows of Tomorrow. The Man and the Culture. A Darkened World: An Essay]. Saint Petersburg: Izdatelstvo I. Limbakha; 2010 (In Russ.).
  27. Spengler O. Zakat Evropy [The Decline of the West]. Moscow: Nauka; 1993 (In Russ.).
  28. Schütz A. Smyslovaya struktura povsednevnogo mira. Ocherki po fenomenologicheskoi sotsiologii [The Structures of the Life-World]. Moscow: Institut Fonda “Obshchestvennoe mnenie”; 2010 (In Russ.).
  29. Schütz A. Chuzhak [The Stranger]. Schütz A. Izbrannoe: Mir, svyatyaschiisya smyslom. Moscow: ROSSPEN; 2004 (In Russ.).
  30. Yadov V.A. Sotsialnye i sotsialno-psikhologicheskie mekhanizmy formirovaniya sotsialnoi identichnosti lichnosti [Social and social-psychological mechanisms to construct the social identity of the individual]. Psikhologiya Samosoznaniya. Samara: Bakhrakh-M; 2003 (In Russ.).
  31. Benedict R. Patterns of Culture. Boston-New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company; 1934.
  32. Castells M. The Power of Identity. Vol. II. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. Malden—Oxford—Carlton; 2004.
  33. Erikson E.H. Dimensions of a New Identity. New York: Norton; 1974.
  34. Erikson E.H. Identity and the Life Cycle. Selected Papers. New York: International Universities Press; 1959.
  35. Erikson E.H. Identity, Youth, and Crisis. New York: W.W. Norton; 1968.
  36. Goffman E. Stigma: Notes on the Management of the Spoiled Identity. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall; 1963.
  37. Kardiner A. The Individual and His Society. New York: Columbia University Press; 1939.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 3394

PDF (Russian) - 1310

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2018 Gorshkov M.K., Tyurina I.O.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies