Development of ICT competence in high school students when teaching physics using digital laboratories

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Abstract


Problem and goal. Currently, to school education in Russia is given a lot of attention, both from state structures and from the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation. Federal State Educational Standards of secondary general education of the Russian Federation define high requirements for the level of training of schoolchildren. In modern conditions of the information society, the school education system is designed to prepare students who form a fundamental system of subject knowledge in school disciplines, develop active, creative, critical, analytical thinking, and ICT competence. Today, those students successfully study at higher educational institutions in the educational process which are widely used information and communication technologies, self-learning and shaping system of fundamental knowledge in university disciplines which are based on modern achievements of world science. Methodology. The development of ICT competence in high school students in teaching physics will depend on success rate of: improving the goals, objectives and content of teaching physics using digital laboratories together with educational Internet resources; implementing didactic principles of teaching physics using digital laboratories together with educational Internet resources, as well as forms, methods and tools for teaching physics using digital laboratories together with educational Internet resources. Results. At laboratory workshops in physics in the conditions of using digital laboratories together with educational Internet resources, high school students acquire the skills to apply modern computer technologies. High school students gain experience in analyzing the results of experiments on various physical processes and phenomena using digital laboratories together with educational Internet resources. High school students acquire in-depth knowledge not only of subject knowledge in physics, but also of the potential of digital laboratories and information technologies. Such knowledge, skills and abilities allow high school students to develop ICT competence. Conclusion. Developed in the process of teaching physics in the conditions of joint use of digital laboratories and educational Internet resources, ICT competence will allow high school students to be a successful student after graduation, entering a higher educational institution.


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Problem statement. One of the fundamental school disciplines is physics, which is widely used in teaching information technology (see, for example, [3; 9; 13; 17]). In the process of teaching physics to schoolchildren, goals and tasks are implemented aimed at forming fundamental subject knowledge, developing creative abilities, acquiring skills and abilities to use information technologies to solve educational problems, and other goals and tasks. The scientific and methodological aspects of the use of information technology in the teaching of physics to schoolchildren were devoted to their work by М.О. Ver- khovtseva, E.V. Gerasimov, V.N. Davydov, A.I. Zabolotny, I.A. Zakharkin, N.Yu. Iva- nova, O.V. Kuznetsova, N.P. Lytkina, M.A. Ogneva, V.G. Petrosyan, O.A. Pova- lyaev, I.Sh. Salikhov, E.A. Samoilova, N.Yu. Sokolova, E.P. Sukhankova, A.E. Tar- chevsky, S.I. Telegin, L.V. Tishchenko, N.B. Fedorova, N.K. Hannanov, S.V. Kho- menko, T.G. Yakovleva, and other authors (see, for example, [2; 4; 5; 7; 10; 12; 15]). Currently, in teaching high school students physics, a variety of information technologies are used. Among such information technologies, various digital laboratories are widely popular, the use of which makes it easier for high school students to understand various physical phenomena. In addition, in digital laboratories, it’s possible quickly configure to a specific laboratory practice and implement visualization of the data obtained during the experiment. Digital laboratories have convenient tools with which you can conduct various experiments, carry out appropriate analysis, test hypotheses and other possibilities. Obviously, the use of digital laboratories in conjunction with educational Internet resources for teaching high school students physics requires the improvement of goals, content, forms, methods and means of training, the implementation of didactic principles of training using information technology. Research methods. The use of digital laboratories in conjunction with educational Internet resources at laboratory workshops allows for interdisciplinary communication. As a result, high school students quickly master subject knowledge in physics. Note some digital laboratories that are widely used in teaching physics to schoolchildren. Digital labs “L-micro”. These laboratories are designed to conduct a laboratory workshop in physics according to the scheme “two students - one computer” or “one student - one computer”. Measurement tools are used comprehensively: analog and digital devices, a computer measuring system based on digital laboratory sensors. Separate modules can be used to assemble various plants for the experiment. The works included in the kit cover the topics studied in grade 10: “Mechanics”, “Molecular Physics”, “Thermodynamics”, “Electrodynamics”. Digital laboratories “Archimedes”. The laboratories are designed to conduct laboratory workshops in physics, chemistry, biology. These laboratories allow to provide automated data collection and processing, as well as display all stages of the experiment (instrument readings, tables, graphs). The experiments conducted during the laboratory workshop can be saved in real time and reproduced synchronously with their video recording. The wide range of sensors available makes it possible to implement laboratory workshops on many topics of school courses in physics, chemistry, and biology. Digital laboratories “Releon”. The laboratories are designed to conduct laboratory workshops in many school subjects, including physics. These laboratories allow in the process of teaching physics to conduct not only laboratory experiments, but also to conduct laboratory and practical exercises. In these laboratories, direct connection of sensors to mobile tablets or computers is implemented, the built-in memory of digital sensors can store up to 10 laboratory experiments, it is possible to connect and disconnect sensors during a laboratory experiment without interrupting it and losing the results The works of such authors as V.N. Davydov, S.I. Eskova, A.I. Zabolotny, O.V. Kuznetsova, M.A. Ogneva, M.A. Petrov, O.A. Povalyaev, N.Yu. Sokolova, N.B. Fedorova, S.V. Khomenko, N.K. Khannanov, T.G. Yakovleva and other authors are devoted to educational and methodological and scientific aspects of teaching physics to schoolchildren using digital laboratories (see, for example, [4; 5; 7; 10; 12; 15]). The authors in their research pay attention to the organization of research mini-projects using a digital laboratory in high school physics lessons; the possibilities of using a digital laboratory for technical support of the choice of the subject of research activities of schoolchildren within various conceptual systems of natural sciences; the organization of experimental activities of schoolchildren in the conditions of using digital laboratories; the organization of extracurricular activities in physics in the main school with the use of a digital laboratory and other aspects. Results and discussion. The methodological aspects of the development of ICT competence of schoolchildren are devoted to the work of many authors, among them: E.I. Bulin-Sokolova, V.F. Burmakina, V.E. Evdokimova, V.I. Kolesnikova, A.A. Kuznetsov, E.S. Polat, T.A. Rudchenko, A.L. Semenov, I.N. Falina, E.V. Kharlova, E.N. Khokhlova, I.A. Nesterova and other authors (see, for example, [1; 6; 8; 11; 16]). In their research, the authors highlight such aspects of ICT competence of schoolchildren as functional literacy in the field of information and communication technologies; skillful use of digital technologies, communication tools for accessing and managing information for solving educational tasks; understanding of the social significance of information and communication technologies, and other aspects. As an example, we give the opinion of V.I. Kolesnikova, who believes that “ICT competence is the ability of students to use information and communication technologies to access information, determine (identify) it, organize, process, evaluate, and create/produce and transmit/distribute it, which is sufficient to successfully live and work in an information society, in an economy that is based on knowledge” [8]. The joint use of digital laboratories and educational Internet resources in teaching physics to high school students, which allows them not only to form a system of fundamental subject knowledge, develop creative abilities, but also initiates the development of their ICT competence. These circumstances require the development of methodological approaches and guidelines for conducting such laboratory workshops; the development of educational sites that support such training. Conclusion. By participating in laboratory workshops in physics, high school students develop information culture, functional literacy in the field of digital technologies, and become more aware of the importance of digital laboratories in conducting laboratory physical experiments, thereby developing ICT competence.

About the authors

Viktor S. Kornilov

Moscow City University

Author for correspondence.
Email: vs_kornilov@mail.ru
29 Sheremetyevskaya St, Moscow, 127521, Russian Federation

doctor of pedagogical sciences, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, full professor, professor of the department of informatization of education

Irina A. Khanina

School No. 1494 of the City of Moscow

Email: irakhanina001@mail.ru
1 Bolshaya Marfinskaya St, bldg. 5, Moscow, 127276, Russian Federation

computer science teacher

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