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The study reveals the syntactic features of novel figurative names and nominal constructions in texts in application to typologically different Russian and English languages. The data obtained helped to clarify the role of predication in salience enhancement, which encompasses novel figurative names construal. We conducted the two-staged contrastive analysis, which allowed to detect several specific parameters and synchronization means demonstrating the typological diversity of the two languages. As it is the salience that serves as one of the basic factors of successful reference identification in terms of implicitness and figurativeness, the research results will play a role in explaining why indirect names are interpreted differently. At the first stage we applied the statistical analysis to detect typologically relevant characteristics of syntactic positioning in terms of novel figurative names and nominal constructions. At the second stage we developed the procedure of 54 and 56 parameter correlation analysis to synchronize the lexical, syntactic and narrative parameters with figurative names in subject and predicate positions. These correlations revealed a group of parameters activated in the English language and restricted in Russian. The subject salience parameters involve the use of substantiated attribute in pre-position, sentence final position with predicate in pre-position. The predicate salience parameters were hybrid morphological character of predicate indirect names, explicit exteroception in pre-position or in the name itself, characterizing focus of indirect names (metaphoric transfer). At the same type due to syntactically salient predicate position such indirect names could allow non-agentive event role and orthographic non-markedness.

About the authors

Maria I Kiose

Moscow state Linguistic University

Author for correspondence.
38, Ostozhenka str., Moscow, Russia, 119034

Doctor of Philology, assistant professor, Moscow State Linguistic University, leading researcher at the Centre for socio-cognitive discourse research


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