THE CONTENT AND THE STRUCTURE OF THE NUCLEAR AND CIRCUMNUCLEAR ZONES OF LEXICAL-SEMANTIC FIELD “INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS” ON THE MATERIAL OF F. DOSTOEVSKY’S NOVEL “THE IDIOT”

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Abstract


The article discusses the structure of lexical-semantic field “interpersonal relations” based on the novel “The Idiot”, by F. Dostoevsky. In the article we describe the set of lexical item representing the field, as well as the place of units of the field in the author's style. The subject of the research was chosen by the relevance of studying vocabulary as a layer of a literary language that discloses information about the material and spiritual culture of society. The relevance of this work can also be considered from the point of view of the need for the development of a comprehensive methodology for the linguistic analysis of semantic relations within the lexical-semantic field “interpersonal relations”. Our goal is to highlight all the variety of units of lexical-semantic field “interpersonal relations” used in F.M. Dostoevsky’s novel. Also we want to reveal the uniqueness of their contextual use, as well as to trace the dynamics of relations and at the same time the change in the lexical content as for relation descriptions between characters. We have developed criteria for selecting lexical markers. We used continuous sampling method, analysis of vocabulary definitions and componential analysis during the preparation of the article. It is established that the lexical-semantic field “interpersonal relations” is a clearly structured system, a well- structured system, which units are united by common semantic features. The pre-nuclear zone is made up of units united by the name of field “relation”, but with a small number of differential signs. In the field we are considering, these are 'negative attitude', 'positive attitude', 'intense', 'non-intensive', 'benevolence', 'hostility', 'sympathy', 'pity', 'indifference'. These features determine the structure and place of the field we are considering in the lexical-semantic system of the Russian language, helping to native speakers’ mind to expand the idea of the content and structure of the lexical-semantic field “interpersonal relations”. Most of the vocabulary of lexical-semantic field “interpersonal relations” are words with a high emotional code that characterizes the author’s style. The linguistic personality of Dostoevsky can be called an individually and creatively verbalized world view through the prism of the writer's consciousness.


About the authors

Vladimir N Denisenko

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: denissenko@mail.ru
6, Miklukho-Maklaia str., Moscow, Russia, 117198

the Head of Department of General and Russian Linguistics of RUDN University; Interests: Interests semantics, phonetics, morphology and lexicology of the modern Russian language, as well as problems of General and Russian linguistics

Irina A Romanova

RUDN University

Email: irina.aleks.romanova@gmail.com
6, Miklukho-Maklaia str., Moscow, Russia, 117198

postgraduate student of the Department of General and Russian Linguistics of RUDN University; Interests: Interests semantics, lexicology of the modern Russian language, linguistic security

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