This article examines the history of the study of loanwords in Chinese and Russian linguistic tradition. The object of research is modern Chinese and Russian languages. Subject of research - the con-cept of borrowed words. Material of the research was theoretical work by Russian and Chinese linguists, dictionaries Russian and Chinese languages. The author proposes to distinguish between borrowed words in Russian and Chinese languages ac-cording to the ways of their borrowing (phonetic, semantic, graphic) and on this basis to give a single definition of the term “loan word” in both languages that will be useful for further comparative studies of this object. In conclusion, the author proposes a definition, which takes into account the graphical borrowed words that are on the periphery of studies of borrowed lexical units.

- Zhang Ke

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
RUDN University Miklukho-Maklaya str., 3, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Zhang Ke, Post-graduate student of the General and Russian Linguistics Department, RUDN University; Research Interests: linguistic semantics

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