PRINCIPLES OF SYSTEM TYPOLOGY APPLICABLE TO DATIVE

Abstract


This article deals with systematization of main principles of system typology put forward by G.P. Melnikov and that have become a methodological basis of the present research. The importance of concept of the internal determinant of the language is stipulated by the use of morphemes of different class - prepositions, prefixes and affixes - in the languages of different types by actualization of the uni-versal strategy. The triadic principle applicable for linguistic analysis was projected to the Dative under-stood from the point of view of the strategy derived through the universals of the natural semantic meta-language. The importance of the research is stipulated by insufficient study of aspect of Dative from the point of view of the system typology. The object of the research is prepositional-and-nominal and verbal-and-prefix constructions, where universal case conceptual basis of Dative is actualized in Russian, English, French, Spanish and Uzbek languages. The subject of the research is semantics of morphemes pri, to, à, a, -ga in Russian, English, French, Spanish and Uzbek languages as a model of the universal case meaning of Dative. The analysis done on the material of belles-lettres of five languages of different types has shown actualization of the strategy through the language units, the morphemes. Main methods used in the paper include abstracting, analysis, synthesis, analogy, cognitive-and-communicative and typological methods, as well as principles of morpheme analysis and cognitive modeling. As a result of the research it has been established that the Dative markers are preposition to in the English language, prepositionв à in the French language, preposition а in the Spanish language, prefix pri- of the Russian language and the Uzbek agglu-tinative affix -ga.


Alexey B Chernyshev

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
alexeich_78@mail.ru
Closed joint-stock company «VolgAero»; Municipal Public Scientific and Experimental Fund «Yazykovaya sreda» 163, Lenin av., Rybinsk, Yaroslavl region, Russia, 152903; 53 - 100, Pushkin str., Rybinsk, Yaroslavl region, Russia, 152934

Chernyshev Alexey Borissovich, Candidate of Philology, senior interpreter of CJSC «VolgAero» (Rybinsk), head of project TYPOLOGIA under Municipal Public Scientific and Experimental Fund «Yazykovaya sreda» (Rybinsk); Research Interests: typology, comparative studies, semantics, morphology, terminology, translation studies

  • Wierzbicka, A. (1999). Semantic Primes and Universals. Moscow: Languages of Russian Cul¬ture. (in Russ).
  • Zubkova, L.G. (2003). The general theory of language in its evolution. Moscow: RUDN. (in Russ).
  • Zubkova, L.G. (2010). Sign principle in the language system. Moscow: Languages of Slavonic Culture (in Russ).
  • Klimov, G.A. (2009). Principles of contensive typology. Moscow: LIBROKOM. (in Russ).
  • Koshevaya, I.G. (2012). Problems of linguistics and theory of the English language: Parts of speech and categories. Theoretical course. Moscow: LIBROKOM. (in Russ).
  • Lomonossov, M.V. (1755). Russian grammar. St. Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences. (in Russ).
  • Melnikov, G.P. (1990). Principles and methods of system typology of languages [dissertation]. Peoples’ Frendiship University of Russia. Moscow. (in Russ).
  • Melnikov, G.P. (2003). System typology of languages: Principles. Methods. Models. Moscow: Science. (in Russ).
  • Melnikov, G.P. (2014). System typology of languages: Synthesis of morphological classification of languages with stadial one. Moscow: LENAND. (in Russ).
  • Nissky Grigory. (1861). On human constitution. Moscow: V. Gota’s typography. (in Russ).
  • Condillac, E.B. de. Essai sur l’origine des connaissances humaines. URL: http://classiques.uqac.ca/ classiques/condillac_etienne_bonnot_de/essai_origine_des_connaissances/condillac_origine_ des_connaissances.pdf (accessed: 18.11.2015).
  • Croft, W. (2003). Typology and Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rousseau, J.-J. Essai sur l’origine des langues. URL: http://classiques.uqac.ca/classiques/ Rousseau_jj/essai_origine_des_langues/origine_des_langues.pdf (accessed: 18.11.2015).

Views

Abstract - 52

PDF (Russian) - 25


Copyright (c) 2017 Chernyshev A.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.