Semantic Features of Numerals in the Armenian-Kypchaksky Monument “Code of Laws” (“Төре Бітігі”)


In article the class of numerals in an Armenian-kypchakskom a monument which language system hasn't been studied so far is considered. Comparing monument numerals with numerals of runic monuments (drevnetyursky language) and modern Turkic languages, authors of article reveal their semantic and formal features. The analysis of numerals is carried out in the context of cultural markers of the Turkic people, including the Kazakh people.

About the authors

Nurila Gabbasovna Shaymerdinova

Euroasian national university of L. N. Gumilev

Author for correspondence.
Satpayev St., 2, Astana, Kazakhstan, 010000

Bibigul Saurovna Zhiyembay

Euroasian national university of L. N. Gumilev

Satpayev St., 2, Astana, Kazakhstan, 010000


  1. Akhinjanov, S.M. (1999). Kipchaks in the history of medieval Kazakhstan. Edited version. Almaty: Ғылым.
  2. Baskakov, N.A. (1975). Historic-typological characteristics of the structures of Turkic languages. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russ).
  3. Garkavets, A.N. (2002). Kipchak written heritage. Vol. I. Catalog and texts of monuments by Armenian letter. Almaty: Desht-i-Khypchak. (in Russ).
  4. Garkavets, A.N. (2007). Kipchak written heritage. Vol II. Monuments of spiritual culture of Karaims, Cumans, and Armenian-Kipchaks. Almaty: KASEAN, BAUR. (in Russ).
  5. Garkavets, A.N. (2003). Toere Bitigi. Armenian-Kipchak code of law 1519—1594. Ed. A. Garkavets, G. Sapargaliev, M. Kapral & M. Tsimbal. Almaty: Desht-i-Khypchak. (in Russ).
  6. Gordlevskii, V.A. (1960). Selected works. Vol. 1. Moscow: Oriental Literature Publishing House. (in Russ).
  7. Kipchak language grammar (2013). Manuscript № 3522. Yerevan. Matenadaran. p. 226—264. (in Russ).
  8. Grunin, T.I. (1967). Monuments of Cuman language of XIV century. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russ).
  9. Zuyev, Y.A. (2004). Se-Yanto Khaganate and Cymeks (to Turkic ethnogeography of Central Asia in the middle of the 7th century). Shygys. Science Magazine, 1, 11—21.
  10. Yeganyan, O.S. (1962). About Armenian-Kipchak grammar textbook of XVI century. Topics in the Study of Language, 5, 151—153. (in Russ).
  11. Kumekov, B.E. (1972). Cymeks’ state of IX—XI centuries according to Arabicsources. Alma-Ata: Nauka Publishing House. (in Russ).
  12. Malov, S.Y. (1951). Monuments of ancient Turkic script. Research texts. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. (in Russ).
  13. Pletnyova, S.A. (1982). Medievalnomads. Search of historical patterns. Moscow. (in Russ).
  14. Ramstedt, G.I. (1957). Introduction into Altaic linguistics. Morphology. Moscow. (in Russ).
  15. Samoilovich, A. (1927). Turkish numeral sander view of its interpretation. In: Linguistic prob-lems in numerals. Leningrad: Institute of Literature of the West and the East Publishing house. p. 135—156. (in Russ).
  16. Serebrennikov, B.A. & Gadzhiyeva, N.Z. (1986). Comparison-historic grammar of Turkic languages. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russ).
  17. Tenishev, E.R. (1988). Comparison-historic grammar of Turkic languages. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russ).
  18. Tomanov, M. (1988). Historic grammar of Kazakh language. Almaty: Mecktep.
  19. Shaimerdinova, N.G., Yarygin, S.A. & Zhiyembay, B.S. (2014). Қыпшақтар: тарих пен тіл [Kipchaks: history and language]. Monograph. Astana.
  20. Shaimerdinova, N.G. (2014). Representation of the Kipchaks’ world in the light of lexical and grammatical systems of Kipchak language. In: Түркі дүниесі рухани мұра және бүгінгі мәдениеті. Халықаралық симпозиум материалдары, Astana: ЕҰУ, p. 348—354.
  21. Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages: General Turkic and Amongst Turkic lexical basis for the letters L, M, N, P, S. (2003). The Institute of Linguistics. Moscow: Vostochnaya literature. (in Russ).



Abstract - 297

PDF (Russian) - 394




Copyright (c) 2017 Shaymerdinova N.G., Zhiyembay B.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies