THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ATTITUDE TO THE DISEASE, COPING BEHAVIOR OF PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE, AND THEIR COGNITIVE STATUS

Abstract


The paper presents the study of the relationship between the attitude to the disease, coping behavior of patients with coronary heart disease prior to coronary bypass grafting (CABG), and indicators of cognitive status. Bekhterev Institute Personality Questionnaire, Ways of Coping Behavior test by R. Lazarus, Mini-Mental State Examination scale, Frontal Dysfunction Battery test, and Clock- Drawing test were used in the study. The sample included 132 patients. The results of study show that in patients with coronary artery disease prior to CABG the most frequently observed type of attitude to the disease is either the harmonious type or a combination of harmonious and ergopathic types. Confrontation, Distancing, and Problem Solution Planning were identified as the preferred coping strategies. Correlation analysis revealed positive associations between cognitive status and harmonious, ergopathic, and hypochondriac types of attitude to the disease, and negative associations between cognitive status and anosognostic and sensitive types of attitude to the disease. Furthermore, positive correlations between cognitive status and Confrontation, Self-control, Responsibility taking, Problem Solution Planning, Positive revaluation coping strategies and negative correlations between cognitive status and Distancing and Escape-avoidance coping strategies were found. The results of this study will help to improve the level of diagnostic and rehabilitation psychological care of patients with coronary artery disease in preparation for CABG.


About the authors

Anton V Solodukhin

Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; Kemerovo State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: mein11@mail.ru
Sosnovyi Blvd, 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650002; Krasnaya str., 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650043

Valentina A Bezzubova

Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases

Email: PerehodenkoV@gmail.com
Sosnovyi Blvd, 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650002

Irina N Kuhareva

Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases

Email: a-kukhareva77@mail.ru
Sosnovyi Blvd, 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650002

Anastasia A Inozemtseva

Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases

Email: nastya060988@yandex.ru
Sosnovyi Blvd, 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650002

Andrey V Seryy

Kemerovo State University

Email: grey@yahoo.com
Krasnaya str., 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650043

Mikhail S Yanitskiy

Kemerovo State University

Email: direktorspi@kemsu.ru
Krasnaya str., 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650043

Olga A Trubnikova

Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases

Email: galet17@mail.ru
Sosnovyi Blvd, 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650002

Olga L Barbarash

Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases

Email: olb61@mail.ru
Sosnovyi Blvd, 6, Kemerovo, Russia, 650002

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Copyright (c) 2017 Solodukhin A.V., Bezzubova V.A., Kuhareva I.N., Inozemtseva A.A., Seryy A.V., Yanitskiy M.S., Trubnikova O.A., Barbarash O.L.

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