PATIENT-CENTERED MEDICINE: BACKGROUND TO THE TRANSFORMATION AND COMPONENTS

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Abstract


Purpose of the study. To analyze the concept of creating patient-oriented medicine, the prerequisites for its emergence, the difficulties of introducing it into existing health systems based on foreign experience. Materials and methods. The main materials of the study were used sources of foreign literature, which presents the concept of patient-oriented medicine, analyzed the prerequisites for changing models of health care in the European Union, USA and Asia in accordance with the principles of patient-oriented medicine, as well as data on the components and levels of patient-oriented medicine in foreign countries Results. The analyzed literature quite fully describes the difficulties of introducing patient-oriented medicine into existing health care systems. Particular attention should be paid to a multidisciplinary approach, continuity at different levels of medical care and effective communication between the physician and the patient towards the integration of this model into clinical practice. The analysis of the availability of medical care in developed countries and its dependence on social status, ethnicity and disease of the patient. Conclusion. Patient-oriented medicine is a new model for planning, implementing and evaluating medical services, which is based on mutually beneficial partnerships between medical workers, patients and their families. Taking into account the current problems of domestic health care, the introduction of the patient-oriented model will significantly improve the quality of medical care provided to the population of our country. Globally, the implementation of the principles of this model is far from complete. In the Russian Federation, targeted work in this direction requires additional scientific research, systematization of available data, and development of new legal documents


About the authors

R. A. Khalfin

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: uur@hsha.ru
SPIN-code: 3332-6407
Moscow, Russia

V. V. Madyanova

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: uur@hsha.ru
SPIN-code: 3430-5145
Moscow, Russia

O. E. Kachkova

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

Email: uur@hsha.ru
Moscow, Russia

I. D. Demina

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

Email: uur@hsha.ru
SPIN-code: 3293-7360
Moscow, Russia

T. I. Krishtaleva

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

Email: uur@hsha.ru
SPIN-code: 5890-6292
Moscow, Russia

E. N. Dombrovskaya

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

Email: uur@hsha.ru
SPIN-code: 8200-4079
Moscow, Russia

K. S. Milchakov

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: uur@hsha.ru
SPIN-code: 1176-1203
Moscow, Russia

Yu. Yu. Rozalieva

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: uur@hsha.ru
SPIN-code: 9971-0891
Moscow, Russia

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Copyright (c) 2019 Khalfin R.A., Madyanova V.V., Kachkova O.E., Demina I.D., Krishtaleva T.I., Dombrovskaya E.N., Milchakov K.S., Rozalieva Y.Y.

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