THE PROBLEM OF ADDRESSEE IN MARINA TSVETAEVA’S CYCLE “POEMS TO PUSHKIN”

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Abstract


The article reveals the specifics of the lyrical dialogue of Marina Tsvetaeva with Pushkin. It is hypothesized that addressee factor becomes the organizing factor of artistic consciousness in poetic communication of Tsvetaeva. Marina Tsvetaeva debunks ideological myth about Pushkin and offers her own mythical image of the poet, the main features of which are freedom and “vitality”. The authors prove that in her interpretation of the genius Tsvetaeva closely follows the Pushkin’s concept of the poet, i.e. while creating her myth about Pushkin Tsvetaeva based on the myth of the poet created by Pushkin, which included a “spontaneous vitality”. This communication strategy chosen by Marina Tsvetaeva determines the specificity of genre addressed to Pushkin’s poems. And Pushkin becomes the “providential” (implicit) addressee and the Tsvetaeva’s contemporaries who are doing an icon of Pushkin become the explicit addressee.

L G Kikhney

The Institute of International Law and Economics n. after A. S. Griboedov

T S Kruglova

Penza State Technological University

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Copyright (c) 2016 Кихней Л.Г., Круглова Т.С.

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