TERMINOLOGICAL EQUIVALENCE IN TRANSLATION OF PHILOSOPHICAL TEXTS

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Abstract


The paper zeroes in on the problem of equivalence with regard to translating philosophical texts which have so far been marginalized in translation theory in comparison to other sorts of (non-)literary translation. The paper primarily aims to describe the current translator practice in the field of philosophy and disclose why philosophical discourse is rendered in the unique way it is. The goal of the paper is also to recommend good practice in the ambit of philosophical translation. Drawing on Nida’s equivalence theory, the authors of this paper prioritize formal equivalence over dynamic one, which is connected with the specific nature of philosophical discourse. To this end, pertinent extracts from David Hume’s A Treatise of Human Nature with a special focus on philosophical terminology have been compared with their published Slovak, German and Czech translations. The present paper draws first and foremost on the methods of comparative textual analysis and utilizes elements of translation quality assessment models by House (1997; 2015). The terminological research is conducted from the position of induction as it involves the elaboration of theory from the analysed terms. The comparative analysis suggests that the form and function of philosophical discourse is interconnected to such a degree that the form even constitutes a part of the text’s function. The results of our analytical probe may be used as a springboard for deeper, quantitatively-oriented terminological-translational research.

About the authors

KLAUDIA BEDNÁROVÁ-GIBOVÁ

University of Prešov

Email: klaudia.gibova@gmail.com
ul. 17. novembra 1, 080 01 Prešov, Slovak Republic
PhD, Associate Professor of Translation Studies & Erasmus+ Institute Coordinator, Institute of British and American Studies, Faculty of Arts, University of Prešov, Slovakia. Research interests: English lexicology, history of the English language, linguistic text analysis, analysis and translation of legal texts, translation theory and practice

SANDRA ZÁKUTNÁ

University of Prešov

Email: sandra.zakutna@unipo.sk
ul. 17. novembra 1, 080 01 Prešov, Slovak Republic
PhD, Associate Professor of History of Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, University of Prešov, Slovakia. Research interests: Enlightenment philosophy, Immanuel Kant, political philosophy

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