System and activity approach to learning artificial intelligence in basic school

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Abstract


Problem and goal. The problem of insufficient substantive and methodological support for the training of basic school pupils in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) is considered. The aim is to identify the features of the application of the system-activity approach to teaching basic school pupils in the field of artificial intelligence, to describe the principles of teaching school pupils the basics of artificial intelligence and the conditions for their implementation, to highlight the types of school pupils’ activities in the context of the system-activity approach. Methodology. A set of methods was used: analysis of regulatory documents that determine the priority tasks of our country; analysis of research and scientific and methodological publications in the field of teaching AI for basic school pupils in the domestic and foreign education system; reflection of the content of the knowledge gained; identification of methodological approaches; search for principles, conditions and opportunities for teaching elements of AI to basic school pupils; local pedagogical experiment. Results. A comparative analysis of the methodological experience of predecessor teachers made it possible to identify the possibility and effectiveness of the application of the system-activity approach to teaching basic school pupils in the field of AI. The revealed approach made it possible to determine the fundamental principles of teaching the elements of artificial intelligence, the conditions for their implementation, as well as the most appropriate types of activities for basic school pupils. Conclusion. Today AI technologies are actively developing information technologies and possession of them has a positive effect on the level of information culture of a school pupils, which, in accordance with the requirements of the information society, must be formed, at least, in basic school. The results of the study made it possible to substantiate the possibility and expediency of applying the system-activity approach to teaching the elements of artificial intelligence to basic school pupils, starting from grade 5.


About the authors

Irina V. Levchenko

Moscow City University

Author for correspondence.
Email: levchenkoiv@mgpu.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1388-4269
28 Sheremetyevskaya St, Moscow, 127521, Russian Federation

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Full Professor, Professor, Department of Informatics, Management and Technology

Albina R. Sadykova

Moscow City University

Email: sadykovaar@mgpu.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1413-200X
28 Sheremetyevskaya St, Moscow, 127521, Russian Federation

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Informatics, Management and Technology

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