Demobilizing the Romanian Front in Winter 1917-1918 and the Fate of Russian Military Property in Moldova and Bessarabia

Cover Page

Cite item

Full text / tables, figures


The article deals with the Bessarabian question after 1917, as well as the demobilization of the Russian armies on the Romanian front. The fate of Bessarabia, which Romanian troops occupied in January 1918, depended on agreements between various foreign governments. Thus, Bessarabia was under Romanian rule even before the Treaty of Versailles, and it was incorporated into the Romanian Kingdom after World War I. As the front collapsed and Russian troops there were demobilized, their commanders tried to keep their country’s military property in the border areas of Moldova. Indeed, Russian generals made every effort to stabilize the situation in the Southwestern region in 1917 and 1918. However, in the face of their weakness, the Russians were not permitted to keep such property, not to mention their erstwhile Bessarabian province. The author concludes that Russian occupation of Romanian territory was inevitably fated to end because of its military weakness and civil war.

About the authors

Maxim V Os’kin

Institute of Jurisprudence and Management of the All-Russian police association

Author for correspondence.


98 Boldina St., Tula 300028, Russia


  1. Bereznyakov, N.V. Bor’ba trudyashchihsya Bessarabii protiv interventov v 1917–1920 gg [The struggle of workers against the invaders in 1917–1920]. Kishinev: Kartya moldovenyaskeh Publ., 1957 (in Russian).
  2. Bessarabiya na perekrestke evropeyskoy diplomatii [Bessarabia at the crossroads of European diplomacy]. Moscow: Indrik Publ., 1996 (in Russian).
  3. Frenkin, M.S. Revolyutcionnoe dvizhenie na rumynskom fronte 1917g. – mart 1918 g. [The revolutionary movement on the Romanian front 1917 – March 1918]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1965 (in Russian).
  4. Hamilton, R. Decisions for War, 1914–1917. [N.p.]: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  5. Istoriya Rumynii [The history of Romania]. Moscow: Ves’ mir Publ., 2005 (in Russian).
  6. Kushko, A., and Taki, V. Bessarabiya v sostave Rossiyskoy imperii (1812–1917) [Bessarabia in the Russian Empire]. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2012 (in Russian).
  7. Lungu, V. Politika terrora i grabezha v Bessarabii 1918–1920 [The policy of terror and robbery in Bessarabia 1918–1920]. Kishinev: Kartya moldovenyaskeh Publ., 1979 (in Russian).
  8. Magadeev, I.E. “Vostochnyy front v 1917 godu i perspektivy rossiyskoy armii v ocenkah francuzskih voennyh ehkspertov.” [The Eastern front 1917 and prospects of the Russian army in the evaluation of the French military experts] Novaya i noveyshaya istoriya, no. 6 (2017): 29–46 (in Russian).
  9. Modernizaciya vs. Voyna. Chelovek na Balkanah nakanune i vo vremya Balkanskih voyn (1912–1913) [Modernization and war. Man in the Balkans before and during the Balkan Wars (1912–1913)]. Moscow: Institut slavyanovedeniya RAN Publ., 2012 (in Russian).
  10. Notovich, F.I. Buharestskiy mir 1918 g [The Bucharest peace 1918]. Moscow: Socehkgiz Publ., 1959 (in Russian).
  11. Pervaya mirovaya voyna i problemy politicheskogo pereustroystva v central’noy i yugovostochnoy Evrope [World War I and the problem of political reconstruction in Central and Southeastern Europe]. Moscow: RGB Publ., 1991 (in Russian).
  12. Romania si Rusia in timpul Primului Razboi Mondial [Russia and Romania during the World War I]. Bucuresti: Editura Top Form Publ., 2018 (in Romanian).
  13. Vinogradov, V.N. Rumyniya v gody Pervoy mirovoy voyny [Romania during the First World War]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1969 (in Russian).
  14. Vostochnaya politika Rumynii v proshlom i nastoyashchem (konets XIX – nachalo XXI vv.) [Romanian Eastern policy in the past and present (the late 19th – early 21st centuries)]. Moscow: RICI Publ., 2011 (in Russian).
  15. Gosudarstvenny arhiv Rossiyskoy Federacii [State archive of the Russian Federation], f. 5881, 5936, 6051, 6831.
  16. Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy voenno-istoricheskiy arhiv [Russian state archive of military history], f. 369, 499, 2086, 2099.

Copyright (c) 2019 Os’kin M.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies