Psychological Characteristics and Quality of Life of Patients with Penile Cancer: Pilot Study on a Russian Sample

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Research into the psychological aspects of oncological diseases is nowadays relevant and widespread; however, there are very few studies in patients with penile cancer (PC). Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the psychological characteristics and quality of life of patients with PC for further organization of psychological counseling. The study included 17 male patients (mean age 49.0 ± 3.76 years) of the N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology. The following techniques were used: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Big Five Inventory (BFI), Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ), Purpose in Life Test (PLT), Quality of Life of Cancer Patients (EORTC QLQ-C30). The patients’ overall health status was assessed by D.A. Karnofsky’s scale; a specific psychological structured interview was also conducted. The emotional state of most patients is characterized by low indexes of anxiety and depression. Most of them are purposeful, organized, emotionally stable, unwilling to form trusting relationships. They have high rates of life meaningfulness, a normative level of internality and a decreased “purpose in life” indicator. The patients are not prone to active and conscious overcoming stress compared to healthy men. The indexes of quality of life, as well as the rates of its specific parameters (cognitive, physical and emotional activity) in the studied group of patients exceed the same values in patients with different tumor localizations and are not consistent with the objectively estimated condition. Health-related quality of life is largely determined by the characteristics of patients’ value system, especially in oncological diseases that are related not only to a vital threat, but also to deep personal experiences, including the experience of patients’ male identity.

About the authors

Olga Yu. Shchelkova

Saint Petersburg State University; Bekhterev National Medical Research Centre of Psychiatry and Neurology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9444-4742

Doctor in Psychology, Full Professor, Acting Head of the Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Saint Petersburg State University, Senior Research Associate, V.M. Bekhterev National Research Medical Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

7/9 Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation; 3 Bekhtereva St, Saint Petersburg, 192019, Russian Federation

Ekaterina B. Usmanova

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4853-308X

PhD in Psychology, Medical Psychologist, Department of Medical Rehabilitation

24 Kashirskoye Shosse, Moscow, 115478, Russian Federation

Maria V. Iakovleva

Saint Petersburg State University

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5035-4382

PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Medical Psychology and Psychophysiology

7/9 Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation

Vsevolod B. Matveev

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7748-9527

Doctor in Medicine, Professor, Correspondent Member of the Russian Academy of Science, President of Russian Association of Oncological Urology, Deputy Director on Science and Head of the Department of Urology

24 Kashirskoye Shosse, Moscow, 115478, Russian Federation

Oybek A. Khalmurzaev

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7500-1815

PhD in Medicine, Doctor-Oncologist, Research Associate at the Department of Urology

24 Kashirskoye Shosse, Moscow, 115478, Russian Federation

Alexandra A. Yacevich

Lomonosov Moscow State University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4280-6454

5th grade student, Faculty of Medicine

1 Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2021 Shchelkova O.Y., Usmanova E.B., Iakovleva M.V., Matveev V.B., Khalmurzaev O.A., Yacevich A.A.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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