An Integrative Model of Intercultural Interaction: A Qualitative Analysis Experience


The study of intercultural interaction has recently become one of the topical problems of social psychology. Considered often in the context of developing intercultural competence, they nevertheless ignore the mechanisms that underlie the causes of effective or ineffective communication. The mechanism by which intercultural competence contributes to intercultural efficiency is described in an integrative model of intercultural interaction, which unites a group of theories of communicativistic and socio-psychological approaches. This model substantiates the contribution of uncertainty and anxiety to the effectiveness of intercultural communication, which has been widely studied in quantitative studies. The aim of the study is to test the idea of the role of the situation of uncertainty and anxiety in the situation of intercultural interaction using qualitative analysis. The research was carried out based on a theoretical socio-psychological model of intercultural interaction. Using the in-depth interview method and subsequent phenomenological data analysis, a dense description of effective and ineffective intercultural communication was obtained from the point of view of each of the four aspects of the model: anxiety, uncertainty, social identity and intergroup anxiety. As a result of the analysis, data were obtained that reveal the content of some of the blocks of the model (intercultural abilities, communication efficiency, management of uncertainty), as well as a new block (emotion management) was identified and the properties of connections (between anxiety management and communication efficiency, between emotion management and anxiety management) were highlighted. Since the qualitative analysis made it possible to adjust the theoretical integrative model of intercultural interaction, and also revealed additional components of the model that develop theoretical ideas about the mechanisms underlying effective and ineffective communication, the results of this study can serve as a basis for the practice of the training of specialists working in the field of international relations: teachers of multicultural education, HRs in the field of international business, specialists in intercultural consulting, etc.

About the authors

Natalya V. Tkachenko

Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0315-8511

PhD in Psychology, is Associate Professor of the Department of Ethnopsychology and Psychological Problems of Multicultural Education

29 Sretenka St, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation

Oleg E. Khukhlaev

Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4620-9534

PhD in Psychology, is Head of the Department of Ethnopsychology and Psychological Problems of Multicultural Education

29 Sretenka St, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2021 Tkachenko N.V., Khukhlaev O.E.

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