The World-view Bases of Culture-Educational Process

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In the article is analyzed the specificity of «sciences about spirit», their difference from natural-science knowledge as in a subject (being - existing), so on a method (mathematics, «monologue» and, accordingly, hermeneutics, «dialogue»). Qualitative feature of social-humanitarian knowledge is seen also in the statement of values («the truth of heart») and available and comprehension of a phenomenon of freedom resisting to a determinism of a nature. It is marked, that not to realize specificities of «sciences about culture» results to degradation and, as consequence, dehumanization, fraught catastrophic consequences for existence of the person and development of a society.

About the authors

S A Nizhnikov

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Кафедра истории философииФакультет гуманитарных и социальных наук; Российский университет дружбы народов; Peoples' Friendship University of Russia


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