Pelvic floor muscle training as a method of prevention and treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction and genital prolapse

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Relevance. Pelvic floor dysfunction and pelvic organ prolapse are a significant problem today - even the initial manifestations of pelvic floor dysfunction can lead to reduced quality of sexual life, decreased activity, and then to social isolation and decreased self-esteem of women. Due to the growth of general life expectancy, the incidence rate is also increasing. One of the most popular conservative treatments for pelvic floor dysfunction is pelvic floor muscle training. The aim of this literature review is to consolidate the scattered information about the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training as a prevention and treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction. Materials and Methods. In writing the review, publications from the PubMed and Google Scholar databases from January 2019 were analyzed and systematized. Results and Discussion. Pelvic floor muscle training is one of the most prospective methods of non-invasive treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. It can take many forms and is represented by a range of different techniques: from the simple short-term muscle contraction and Kegel exercises to more complex and high-tech methods using electromyostimulation and biofeedback. However, timing of introduction and method for pelvic floor muscle training must be carefully considered in order to gain the maximum result. Conclusion. Based on the study, it can be concluded that the introduction of pelvic floor muscle training as part of prenatal care and in the antenatal period is the most appropriate way to prevent pelvic floor failure and genital prolapse. Further research is required to confirm the hypothesis.

About the authors

Irina A. Samsonova

Russian People’s Friendship University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9403-2921
Moscow, Russian Federation

Rustam F. Gaifulin

Russian People’s Friendship University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2485-3994
Moscow, Russian Federation

Liliya R. Toktar

Russian People’s Friendship University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8593-3939
Moscow, Russian Federation

Mekan R. Orazov

Russian People’s Friendship University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1767-5536
Moscow, Russian Federation

Zarina N. Kamarova

Russian People’s Friendship University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8800-1467
Moscow, Russian Federation

Kseniya I. Li

Russian People’s Friendship University

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2391-1600
Moscow, Russian Federation

Veronika E. Pak

Russian People’s Friendship University

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5485-3883
Moscow, Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2023 Samsonova I.A., Gaifulin R.F., Toktar L.R., Orazov M.R., Kamarova Z.N., Li K.I., Pak V.E.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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