“Language thinking” from the perspective of systemic linguistics

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Systemic Linguistics by Gennadii P. Melnikov, representing the interaction of linguistics and philosophy, is a system of established scholarly knowledge. An evidence-based system of knowledge that rationally certifies Melnikov's results is reflected, in particular, in the systemic typology of languages as a subfield of systemic linguistics. Like systemic linguistics in general, systemic typology of languages has not yet been sufficiently subjected to scholarly reflection. The goal of the article is to expand the scholarly discourse on the systemic approach to language. The authors focus their attention on the explanatory potential of systemic linguistics in the study of the features of thought expression in the agglutinative Kazakh language and the problem of its conveyance by means of the inflectional Russian language. The data were obtained from everyday communication, the Kazakh-Russian dictionary (2008), samples from the Kazakh-language works by Auezov, Shakhanov, Korgasbek, Suleimenov among others, and their translations into Russian. The article aims to reveal the features of dividing sense into meanings in typologically different languages. The findings substantiated and verified the provision that in typologically different languages the division of sense into meanings differs and, depending on a meaning, may be expressed by a one-word nomination or cognomination. The study has revealed the ability of an inflectional language to convey the static character of an agglutinative language and to transform this staticity into eventfulness, depending on the purpose of communication. Thus, the research has proved that the same mental content is conveyed by different means developed in languages of different morphological types.

About the authors

Uldanai M. Bakhtikireeva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: bakhtikireeva-um@rudn.ru
Dr. Habil. in Philology, Professor of the Department of the Russian Language and Intercultural Communication 6, Miklukho-Maklaya, Moscow, 117198, Russia

Olga I. Valentinova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: valentinova-oi@rudn.ru
Dr. Habil. in Philology, Professor in the Department of General and Russian Linguistics 6, Miklukho-Maklaya, Moscow, 117198, Russia


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Copyright (c) 2022 Bakhtikireeva U.M., Valentinova O.I.

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