Phytosozological study of natural monuments to determine the ecological status of specially protected natural areas

Cover Page

Cite item


The article gives a phytosozological assessment of natural monuments of regional importance in the Penza region, based on a number of phytosozological criteria that characterize the vegetation cover and their ecological state. The assessment is based on such criteria as the degree of study of the vegetation cover of the territory, the demonstration (reference) value, the area occupied, the anthropotolerance of the vegetation cover, the coenotic diversity of the territory, the total number of species diversity of vascular plants, the number of species listed in the Federal and regional Red Books, the degree transformation and recovery potential. The assessment used is of interest as a test express system that allows you to quickly assess the dynamics of the main qualitative and quantitative indicators of natural complexes. On the territory of the Penza region, located mostly on the western slope of the Volga Upland, and geobotanically located within the forest-steppe zone, in order to preserve biological and landscape diversity, 90 natural monuments of regional significance were identified on an area of 627.4 km2, which is 1.44% from the territory of the region. The highest concentration of natural monuments is noted in the north-east of the region, the most elevated and wooded part of the region. The largest area of more than 40 thousand hectares was noted in the Vyshe-Moksha botanical-geographical region. The largest number of monuments, of which 70% are botanical, are noted in the Prisursky botanical-geographical region with an average rating score of 62.2. The maximum score was noted at the natural monument Ardymsky Shikhan. The largest number of hydrological monuments of nature are located in the Zasursky and Prisursky botanical and geographical regions, which is associated with the location of the Sura River basin in these regions. The largest number of zoological monuments is located on the territory of the Vyshe-Moksha botanical-geographical region. The results obtained are necessary to determine the dynamics and directions of the processes of conservation and restoration of the composition of the flora and fauna of unique communities of regional natural monuments, as well as to increase the level of representativeness and ecological status, which in the future will allow monitoring changes in ecosystems.

About the authors

Alexey A. Volodkin

Penza State Agrarian University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7450-0492

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Crop Production and Forestry

30 Botanicheskaya St, Penza, 440014, Russian Federation

Maxim V. Larionov

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy; State University of Land Use Planning; Russian State Agrarian Correspondence University; Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0834-2462

Doctor of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, leading researcher of world-class research center “Agrotechnologies for Future,” Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy; Professor of the Department of Agriculture and Crop Production, State University of Land Use Planning; Professor of the Department of Agriculture and Crop Production, Russian State Agrarian Correspondence University; Professor of the Department of Environmental Safety and Product Quality Management for Educational Activities, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

49 Timiryazevskaya St, Moscow, 127550, Russian Federation; 15 Kazakova St, Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation; 50 Shosse Entuziastov St, Balashikha, 143907, Russian Federation; 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation


  1. Ostapko VM. Eidological, population and cenotic foundations of phytosozology in the south-east of Ukraine. Donetsk: Lebed; 2005. (In Russ.)
  2. Chursin AI. Landscape organization of the territory of the forest-steppe zone of the Middle Volga region. Penza: PGUAS Publ.; 2008.
  3. Vasyukov VM, Saxonov SV. Synopsis of the flora of the Penza region. Flora of the Volga basin. Tolyatti: Anna Publ.; 2020. (In Russ.)
  4. Ivanov AI, Novikova LA, Chistyakova AA, Gorbushina TV, Vasyukov VM, Leonova NA, Platin PI, Silaeva TB, Saksonov SV, Rakov NS, Senator SA, Istomina EYu, Vargot EV, Kireev EA, Agaeva IV. Red Book of the Penza region. Vol. 1. Fungi, lichens, mosses, and vascular plants. Penza; 2013. (In Russ.)
  5. Ivanov AI, Chernyshov NV, Kuzin EN. Natural conditions of the Penza region. Current state Vol. 1. Geological environment, topography, climate, surface waters, soils, vegetation cover. Penza: RIO PGAU Publ.; 2017. (In Russ.)
  6. Lomov SP. The soil cover of the Penza region, its characteristics and meliorative assessment. Penza: PGUAS Publ.; 2014. (In Russ.)
  7. Yamashkin AA, Novikova LA, Yamashkin SA, Yakovlev EYu, Ukhanova OM. Landscape-ecological planning of the system of protected areas of the Penza region. Bulletin of the Udmurt University. Biology Series. Earth Sciences. 2015;(5–1):24–33.
  8. Kazantsev IV, Saxonov SV. Phytosozological rating of nature monuments of regional significance of the Samara region. Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2015;17(4):45–54. (In Russ.)
  9. Saksonov SV, Rosenberg AG, Senator SA. Phytosozological assessment of natural monuments of the Samara region. Bulletin of the Samara State University of Economics. 2014;(Special issue):146–153. (In Russ.)
  10. Ivanov AI, Vlasov AS, Vlasova TG, Sashenkova SA. Woody plants of the Penza region. Penza; 2012. (In Russ.)
  11. Agapov YuP. (ed.) Forests of the Penza region. Penza; 2014. (In Russ.)
  12. Kamelin RV. Plant world. Flora. Great Russian Encyclopedia. Moscow; 2004. p. 84–88. (In Russ.)
  13. Takhtajyan AL. Floristic areas of the Earth. Leningrad: Nauka Publ.; 1978. (In Russ.)
  14. Silaeva TB. Materials for the flora of the Sura River basin. Floristic Studies in Central Russia at the Turn of the Century: Materials of the Scientific Meeting. Moscow; 2001. p. 143–145. (In Russ.)
  15. Silaeva TB. Flora of the Sura River basin (current state, anthropogenic transformation, and problems of protection) (abstract of Doctor of Biological Sciences dissertation). Moscow: MSU; 2006. (In Russ.)
  16. Ivanov AI, Chistyakova AA, Novikova LA. Specially protected natural territories of the Penza region. Penza; 2008. (In Russ.)

Copyright (c) 2022 Volodkin A.A., Larionov M.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies