Functional Semantics and Linguosemiotics: modern trends

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The issue of the RUDN University journal of LANGUAGE STUDIES, SEMIOTICS AND SEMANTICS combines the sets of articles forming up three sections: Functional Semantics, Semiotics and Communication and Literary Text Semantics and Poetics. Functional Semantics section starts with the article of V.N. Denisenko, Zhang Ke (RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Graphically Loanword from the Japanese Language in Modern Chinese Language” is discussing Japanese graphic borrowings which are acquired in the Chinese language both - phonetically and graphically and form two groups: 1) graphic borrowings including original Japanese words fixed in Chenese hyerogliphs, and 2) words created by the Japanese on the basis of Chinese hyieroglipha as well to render lexemes of other languages, including Ancient Chinese. The analysis demonstrated that borrowing and their acquisition including graphic ones, are determined by the systemic character of lexis and on the whole by such linguistic system properties as openness, dynamism and adaptation. The article by K. Bednárová-Gibová (University of Prešov, Prešov, Slovak Republic) “In Selected English Lexical Semantics Terms” approves the chosen linguocultural approach to the English semantic continuum. Based on the F. Sharrifian’s ides of understanding the English semantic metalanguage as a treasury of cultural concepts to be reflected in the actual terminological practice. Neverthe less, English terms belonging to the essential core linguistic space to synonymize them, are quite often conceptually misdecoded. The goal of thearticle by E.F. Kirov (Moscow, Russian Federation) (Pushkin State Russian Language Institute, Moscow, Russia) “The Meaning of the Word in the Model of Understanding” is formulated to put forward the general model to understanding the sense of an utterance in the communicative process. Main method is a theoretical and descriptional one. As a result, the model of word meaning emerged to reveal its semiottic symbolic nature. The published material by N.V. Perfilieva (RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation) and I.I. Galankina (RSAU-MTAA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Elements of Incorporation in the Russian Commercial Naming” is trying to define the limits of word-formation incorporation in Russian. Incorporation means are treated on the samples of Russian commercial namings, or ergonyms retrieved fron Internet sites and present so called incorporational complexes - grocery store signs, restuarants, cafes, and other commercial locations. Research results brought the ergonym classification while ergonyms were formed according to the incorporational word-derivation in Russian. The article of A.F. Dremov (MGIMO-University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Zones and Taxis: Locative Semantics of Russian Cases in Terms of Modern Systems Linguistics” sums up the results to analyse locative semantics of Russian cases in terms of modern systemic kinguistics. Case is treated as a formal grammar category of a niun which in Russian emerged as a typicalo phenomenon of inflexional languages and a response to functional demand of language system to provide for compression and formal expression of content cohesion (predicative and logic) inrelation to the original text to describe an event in detail. O.I. Aleksandrova (RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation) in the article on “Semantic Transformation of Film Titles, Translated to Russian” attempts to extract the meaningful center in film tuitles and accordingly, elaborate their classification. The title as a verbal componentof a complex unit - a filmtext participates in the formation of the first ompression of apotential movie-goer. Title transformations may lead to the displacement of the addressee focus and influence the whole filmtext perception. The general trent of displacement in translationa process takes place in the direction from abstract to concrete; fron personal/ individual to eventful ones. The article of E.N. Baturina (Birobidzhan, Russian Federation) “Desacralization of the word MAN in the Russian language and its spiritual potential” discusses the semantics of latent sacred word senses as of examples of lexical meanings of the words man and men/people in varioyus times of their functioning, firstly, in XIX-XX centuries proceeding from the text and minimal contexts of the Holy Writ. The section also includes the artcles reflecting emerging trend in theory and practice of functional semantics studies, namely, the artucles are: E.S. Denisova and A.V. Proskurina (Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russian Federation) “Inner Language Form as a Determinant of its Lexical Peculiarity (based on the Study Material of the Russian and the Teleut Languages Paroemia)”. Several articles of the section develop the study of functional semantics, those are: O.L. Zimareva, S.A. Pesina (Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitigorsk, Russian Federation) “Cluster Analysis of Polysemous Word Semantic Structure in the Light of Invariant Theory”; E.A. Dilanova (Kursk State University, Kursk, Russian Federation) “Metaphorical Potential of Slang Language: some Results of the Pilot Experiment”; D.A. Shliakhovoi (Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the RF, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Modeling of a generalized speech portrait of a blogger (as exemplified in the German military blogosphere)”; P.S. Syomina (RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Subject variety of the Belgian paroemias (on lexicographical material)”; B.Sh. Kurbanov (Uzbek State University of World Languages, Tashkent, Uzbekistan) “Non-Derivative and Derivative Homonyms in the Russian and Uzbek Languages” and M. Amr El-Zawawy (University of Alexandria, Egypt) “TV Live Reporting: a Pilot Study in Contrastive Genre Analysis”. The atten tion of those authores is focued on polysemy, paremea, slang and other nominational studies using same methodology and methods of functional semantics. Studies of “Semotics аnd Communication” are opened wit the article by O.I. Maksimenko, P.N. Khromenkov (Moscow Region State University, Mytischi, Russian Federation) “Polysemiotic Elements of the State Emblems”. It studies the state main symbols as polycode texts, combining verbal components (motto,or name of a country) and iconic heraldic components. The article applies linguosemiotic analysis of state emblems of the countries worldwide in the angle of their hypothetic conflictogeneity and their components as wel to be perceived by various recipients. A.L. Novikov, I.A. Novikova (RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation) in the article of “Ethnic Stereotypes in Intercultural Communication: Psychological and Semantic Aspects” demonstrate the empiric study of ethnic stereotypes within the context of intercultural communication and the euristic potential of semantic differentiation to diagnose ethnic stereotypes as phenomena, on the one hand, reflecting various aspects of crosscultural perception and dialogue, and on the other hand, - revealing immeduiate influence of crosscultural interaction, which brings high efficiency to upgrade crosscultural competenhces in the fields of education, business, tourism, etc. The focus of the article by A.A. Gornostaeva (Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Irony as a Cultural and Language Phenomenon” determines irony as a multidimensional phenomenon across a number of studies in philosophy, history, cultural sciences, philology, linguistics, etc. Irony is both cultural and historical and linguistic phenomenon as well. The goal of the article is to analyse the regularities of functioning irony in discourse and determin the conditions of efficient ironic communication. As a discourse category, irony is a common product af a soeaker and a hearer. A.W. Sytko (Minsk State linguistic university, Minsk, Republic of Belarus) wrote the article on “Speaker as a deontic agent in political speech (on the material of German and Russian languages)” which is devoted to the semantic and functional variability of deontic constructions, where the speaker is a deontic agent, in the nuclear genre of political discourse - political speech - in German and Russian linguistic cultures. On the basis of contextual analysis the semantic polysemy of theses modal constructions is defined as determined by the socio-cultural context. The analysis carried out in the article by D.S. Mukhortov and Y.S. Malyavina (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Cross-situational consistency of female politicians’ language use” is atated that women-politicians successfully carrying out feminist political course are inclined to apply typically feminine rethoric. In this relation, a few typical peculiarities of female speech are discussed such as non-stricr (categoric) utterances, hedge-markers, lexical use dealing with social and cognitive libguistic subsystems. The articles by S.V. Gerasimova (Moscow Polytechnic University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Foolishness, Darkened Icons and the Mechanism of Oblivion in the Context of the Semiotic System of Culture”; use” and Guido Tejerina (RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Contemporary Trends in Spanish Language and Social Changes in the Spanish-habitat Society)” apply common principles to synthetic analysis of verbal and non-verbal semiotiv phenomena in the system of culture. Literary Text Semantics аnd Poetics section brings together a few more aspects of linguistic studies and starts with the following article by V.P. Sinyachkin, U.M. Bakhtikireeva and O.A. Valikova (RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Literary Domains’ connection in a Poly-cultural Text”. The authors analyse semiotic systems of various structures organized as databases or domains, which with time, accumilate the larger quantity of retranslated units and are interacting among themselves thus generating new volumes of cultural data. Message mechanism among the domains might be named a dialogue (in broader sense), and the varieties be understood as an intertextual dialogue, allusion and modification of precedent phenomena. The article by G.V. Vekshin, M.M. Lemesheva (Moscow Polytechnic University, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Poet as a Role: on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Russian Poeticism” analyses semantics and pragmatics of Russian “poetisms” as deiktic markers of the poetic sphere and one of the six universal socio-cultural roles - the riole of a poet-composer. In connection with the distinction between the stylistics of language and speech, the poetic style of language becomes a concervation of poetisms, and a detailed description of poetic language follows. Poetisms belong to various levels of kinguistic system, and typical text of mass poetry is given. The article relies on the poetic ldatabase ov “Live Stylistic Russian Dictionary”, its potential to diagnose stylistic semantics of words and preliminary evaluation of literary text quality. N.D. Strelnikova’s article (Saint-Petersburg State Electrotecnical University “LETI”, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation) “The semantic space in the novel of A. Nikolaenko ‘To kill Bobrykin. The History of one Murder’” treats the novel by the Russian Booker-2017 prize winner, A. Nikilaenko ‘To kill Bobrykin. The History of one Murder’”, as a heterogeneic text. Semiuotically complicated text is presented through the prism of cultural codes which help read the novel by A. Nikolaenko as if belonging to some other semiotic sphere, and following multiple references - vivid and implicit ones - to the type of sybbolic novel of the Silver Age. The work of G.I. Shliakhova (Maxim Gorky Institute of Literature and Creative Writing, Moscow, Russian Federation) “Usual and Individual Authorial Functioning of Lexemes ‘Dream’ and ‘Reverie’ in Igor Severyanin’s Poetry” presents the review of using lexis describing mental sphere in the proetry of Igor Severyanin. Mental semantic field lexemes - Dream and Reverie are sense-forming lexemes in the creative work of the ego-futurist I. Severyanin. Comparison of contextual meanings with those of dictionary entries explains the changes of meanings concerning poetic characters. Mental lexemes are keys to understand the poetry and idiostyle of I. Severyanin - the founder of egofurism.

About the authors

Olesya V Lazareva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: lazareva-ov@rudn.ru
6, Miklukho-Maklaya street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
PhD in Philology, Assistant Professor of the General and Russian Linguistics Department, Philological Faculty, RUDN University

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